This box contains instructions on how to use the website to the right.
To go through the full tutorial, use the arrows below to start.
This tutorial will help you locate and read some of these types of studies.
An empirical study reports the results of a study using data from observation or experimentation.
Many different types of methodologies are empirical including meta analyses and experimental studies.
An empirical study will include:
Let's use the PsycINFO to locate different types of studies on the topic of eyewitness identification.
Look at the list of results.
What types of results do you see?
This will give you a list of empirical studies that have been conducted on the topic of eyewitness identification.
You should now the see the article and a sidebar. We need to close this sidebar to see the article.
Now you are ready to read through the article.
Who participated in this study?
What material was used in the experiment?
What is one analysis that the researchers performed on the data collected?
According to the researchers, what role did age play in the results?
You can use PsycInfo to locate other types of articles including meta-analyses, literature reviews, and more.
A meta-analysis is the statistical analysis of results from numerous independent studies within the same subject.
Researchers can convert a range of study results into data points, and use them to show patterns or phenomenon.
A meta-analysis includes:
This will give you a list of meta analyses written on eyewitness identification.
How many databases did the authors use to locate articles for inclusion in the analysis?
Read the second paragraph - Inclusion Criteria
Which of the following characteristics was required for a study to be included in this meta analysis?
Read the next paragraph - Characteristics of the final dataset
How many total studies were included in the final analysis?
Scroll down to the Lineup response outcomes section and read the first paragraph.
After analyzing all the studies, what did researchers find?
A literature review is a summary and synthesis of published studies in a specific research area, providing new interpretation of material or tracing history and progression of the field.
A literature review:
Let's look for literature reviews on the same subject.
This will give you a list of literature reviews written on eyewitness identification.
What did the authors base this paper on?
What do you notice about these sections and headings compared to those in empirical studies and meta-analyses?
It's time to practice and answer some questions.
What is a meta-analysis?
What is an empirical study?
What is a literature review?
You will need to conduct a search in PsycINFO to answer the following question.
How many empirical studies are there on the topic of screen time and teens in the PsycINFO database? Search screen time and teens
Scroll down and locate this article, "Mediators in psychological well-being in adolescent boys."
Read the abstract.
Which type of article is this?
What do the authors conclude based on their results?
Read the partial abstract below. Then answer the question.
Qualitative studies were identified through a systematic retrieval process using an inclusion and exclusion criteria. A meta-ethnographic approach was used for the qualitative synthesis of included studies. A total of 35 studies were included.
What type of study is this?
What do the authors of this review discuss?
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