This box contains instructions on how to use the website to the right.
To go through the full tutorial, use the arrows below to start.
This tutorial will help you locate and read some of these types of studies.
An empirical study reports the results of a study using data from observation or experimentation.
Many different types of methodologies are empirical including meta analyses and experimental studies.
An empirical study will include:
Let's use the PsycINFO to locate different types of studies on the topic of eyewitness identification.
Look at the list of results.
What types of results do you see?
This will give you a list of empirical studies that have been conducted on the topic of eyewitness identification.
You should now the see the article and a list of links under Contents menu.
Who participated in this study?
What material was used in the experiment?
What is one analysis that the researchers performed on the data collected?
According to the researchers, what role did age play in the results?
A Meta-analysis is the statistical analysis of results from numerous independent studies within the same research subject.
Researchers can convert a range of study results into data points, and use them to show patterns or phenomenon.
A meta-analysis includes:
This will give you a list of meta analyses written on eyewitness identification.
How many databases did the authors use to locate articles for inclusion in the analysis?
Read the second paragraph - Inclusion Criteria
Which of the following characteristics was required for a study to be included in this meta analysis?
Read the next paragraph - Characteristics of the final dataset
How many total studies were included in the final analysis?
Scroll down to the Lineup response outcomes section and read the first paragraph.
After analyzing all the studies, what did researchers find?
A literature review is a summary and synthesis of published studies in a specific research area, providing new interpretation of material or tracing history and progression of the field.
A literature review:
Let's look for literature reviews on the same subject.
This will give you a list of literature reviews that have been conducted on the topic of eyewitness identification
What is a meta-analysis?
You will need to conduct a search in PsycINFO to answer the following question.
How many Meta-analyses are there on the topic of eyewitness identification in the PsycINFO database?
Locate this article: "Memory strength and lineup presentation moderate effects of administrator influence on mistaken identifications". (It is in your list of search results).
Who is the one of authors of this article?
What is an empirical study?
How many Empirical studies are there on the topic of eyewitness identification in the PsycINFO database?
Scroll down and locate this article, "Double-blind photo lineups using actual eyewitnesses: An experimental test of a sequential versus simultaneous lineup procedure."
Open the abstract of the article by clicking on the article title.
What do the authors conclude based on their results?
What is a literature review?
How many literature reviews are there on the topic of eyewitness identification in the PsycINFO database?
Locate this article: (It is in your list of search results). "Sequential vs. Simultaneous Lineups: A Review of Methods, Data, and Theory"
What do the authors of this review discuss?
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