Letter to the Executive Committee concerning the demand of a six-hour work day and the importance of a state-wide strike as opposed to local ones. It was originally used in the trial of the United States vs. William D. Haywood, et al. This exhibit was part of the deposition of John W. Hughes for the Michael Simmons vs. the El Paso and Southwestern Railroad Company, and in the trial of the State of Arizona vs. Harry Walters through the deposition of Cecilia Reinhardt.
UA Special Collections AZ 114
Box 1, folder 2, exhibit 76;
Box 2, folder 3, Salt Lake Exhibit 20.
July 10, 1917
I have your letter of July 6th and contents of same have been carefully noted by me as well as fellow workers O’Hair and McKinnon. My understanding of the proceedings of the convention on Bisbee is that we were to discourage all local strikes and agitate for a universal, or at least a state wide strike and that the demands passed upon by the convention were to be the uniform demands presented at that strike. There was nothing said in the convention that we should make the demands that were being made to Butte. Bisbee was the first to go, and although we considered that it would have been better if they had waited a few weeks, still we realize that as long as the move had been made that we should attempt to make it universal or at least state wide. Globe, Miami, Jerome, Golconda, and other Arizona strikes were called because Bisbee had first decided the move. I am very glad to see that Jerome, at least, came out flat-footed for the six hour day.
In conversations over the telephone with fellow worker Embree, he assured me that it would only be a matter of a say or so when Bisbee would incorporate the six hour day in their list of demands also. He further assured both fellow worker O’Hair and myself that if Globe, Miami, or any other camp was to take the initiative in asking for the six hour day, that Bisbee would be in line.
There is no time like the present to demand the six hour day in all mining camps. The Bisbee demands mean nothing to most mining camps if we leave the six hour day program out. The physical examination prevails only in Bisbee and Oatman. Two men still work on all machines in Utah and in many other places. The sliding-scale does not prevail in any but Arizona camps and in few Arizona camps. The wages of six dollars pr shift for underground men is scarcely more than they would receive during the month of July under the sliding-scale.
The six hour day is the real move and it was the six hour day rallying cry in Globe, Miami, Jerome, Golconda, and elsewhere that made the great state wide strike in Arizona possible. It is the six hour day program that is going to make possible camps in Utah going out. Also it is the six hour day program that is going to prove the greatest factor in swinging men from the W. F. of M into the I.W.W.
The first communication that I received relative to the Butte strike was a telegram which was read at the convention and heartily applauded by all delegates and which read as follows: Thousands of miners in Butte on Strike. Now is the time for Arizona to co-operate with us for the six hour day.
I note that you have sent fellow workers Sullivan to Jerome and hope that he will be able to do good work there in lining up men in to the One Big Union, but sincerely hope and trust that he will not shatter the splendid determination of the men there to stand up for the six hour day program. I trust that the next communication received from Bisbee will be news that Bisbee, too, has decided to go out for the six hour day.
With best wishes, I am
Yours for Industrial Freedom,