July 13, 1917



Dumping of I.W.W. on Neighboring State Called Illegal by Campbell.


      PHOENIX, (Ariz.) July 12. – Gov. Campbell has wired Gen. Parker at San Antonio, with a copy to Gen. Green at Douglas, asking military intervention in the Bisbee crisis.  By private telephone he learned only that a thousand I.W.W. had been herded for deportation to Columbus, N.M.

      “Whatever the reason,” he says, “I cannot assent to the illegal capture of human beings and to their dumping upon a bordering State, which has every right of protest in the matter, I cannot stand idly by in the matter and yet seem powerless to act, unless sustained by Federal troops.  New Mexico’s situation is just the same as that of California, where the I.W.W. were sent back from Needles to Kingman.  I have been unable to get either wire or telephonic communication with Bisbee since hearing the news, and thus am further handicapped.  A censorship seems to have been established at Bisbee since the action was determined upon.”

      This action by the Bisbee Citizens’ Association and Bisbee Loyalty League, which have 2600 members, is known to have been considered for weeks past, but hardly on the scale carried out.


      The Governor had reported from Jerome saying all was quiet there, with a full force of men at work in the mines and the radical element leaving.  No further trouble, the reports indicated, was expected.

      Asst. Atty. Gen. L.B. Whitney has telegraphed the following to Sheriff H.C. Wheeler at Bisbee:

      “Wire this office immediately details leading up to deportation now taking place in Bisbee.  State by what authority of law you are acting.  State fully what violations, if any, took place prior to decision to deport strikers.”

      Gov. Campbell also has telegraphed the Sheriff and County Attorney along this line.  Up to a late hour the Governor had received no official information from Bisbee.

      “The situation is such,” Gov. Campbell said today, “that it is almost impossible fore the State to handle it.  The State has no troops at its command, the National Guard being in the service of the United States.  It would be impracticable for me, at this time, to declare martial law, as I have no troops to enforce it.

      “The situation is one for the Federal government to handle, and I have notified the Federal authorities.  I am waiting a reply to my notification and in the meantime am unable to do anything further from this end.”


      At this time Bisbee is perfectly quiet, and should United States troops arrive on the scene there will be nothing for them to do.  It is announced that all of the mines will resume operations tomorrow with about 50 per cent of the force.

      Every miner in Bisbee has not only expressed his willingness to work, but is eager to do so.  Every known agitator and sympathizer with the I.W.W. has been deported from the camp.

      Shops are reopening for business this afternoon, and the camp is assuming a normal air.  At the outset the Mayor issued a proclamation warning all women off the streets.  This warning was observed and but few have been seen during the day.

      The entire affair was conducted by the Sheriff of the county, and it is announced that the “round-up” is 100 per cent.  Peace officers and mine officials do not expect a return of the men.