UA Library

PRESCOTT JOURNAL-MINER

THURSDAY MORNING, October 21, 1915

WESTERN FEDERATION TACTICS IN CLIFTON-MORENCI STRIKE DISTRICT SHOWN UP IN AFFIDAVITS BY MEN WHO SUFFERED ATTACKS

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        PHOENIX. Oct. 20. –  It is not surprising to those who know Governor Hunt that he has declared there has been no violence or overt acts of any character in the Clifton-Morenci district by his friends, the Western Federation of Miners.  Accustomed to disregard the law himself he is prone to condone like conduct on the part of his political supporters, which perhaps accounts for his utterances which have shocked the lawabiding citizens of Arizona.  But the story told by the victims of the Federation’s high-handed and lawless methods is radically different from the viewpoint of the governor as shown by the following statements:

Cursed and Abused.

      Epitacio Enera, employed at Morenci as a miner, left there after he had been cursed and abused by Western Federation members for not joining the union.  When the federation committee came to his house and offered provisions he refused to accept them because he was not a member of the union.  At the time he left he states the men were leaving Morenci at the rate of from fifty to one hundred a day.

A Strong Hint.

      Juan Munoz was told that if he did not leave Clifton he would be in danger so he went to El Paso.  On September 12th when he was going to work the Western Federation men prevented him and cursed and abused him because he wanted to go to work.

“They Will Fix You.”

      Pedro H. Munoz was employed at the reverberatory of the Arizona Copper Company as shift boss. He left on the morning train October 1st after leaving his family with his grandfather. He and his father and another shift boss were told that “they will fix you” and that they had better leave soon. He did not hear Governor Hunt’s speech but was tolt that Governor Hunt had given the federation the right to run people out that did not belong to the union.

Leaves Because of Threats

      Jose M. Scott left three days before the strike because of threats that those who did not join the union would be run out of town. He states that between 700 and 800 men left there on account of threats.

Join or Depart

      Pedro Munoz has lived in the United States for twenty-five years and was employed by the Arizona Copper company. On October 1st  a mob of Western Federation men came to his house and told him he would either have to join the union or leave Clifton. He left his family there without funds and went to El Paso.

Suffered Many Insults

      Pantalion Luera, a fireman for the Detroit Copper Company, was compelled to leave Morenci on account of the many insults he received for not belonging to the union. Members of the Western Federation of Miners offered his provisions but he refused to accept them as he knew he would be compelled to join the union. He, his father, and brothers are now at El Paso.

It Was Enough.

      Pedro J. Yanez, and American citizen, employed by the Arizona Copper Company left Clifton September 10th because he had been told he would have to leave if not voluntarily then by force.  After the strike was called he sent for his family to come to El Paso.

A Wise Man.

      Jose Falcon, employed at Morenci, went on a hunting trip the day the strike was called.  Ten days later when he and his friends returned he say men being deported because they did not belong to the union and as he did not wish to join he got out of town as soon as possible.

Live Dog Better

      Because members of the union told him that if he did not join he would be run out of town Louis Madrid and his family of five left Morenci and went to El Paso. He decided to leave town before he was run out.

Dragged Out by Mob

      Andrain Vasquez was in his room eating breakfast when a mob came in and dragged min out. He was told that if he did not join the Western Federation of Miners he would have to leave the town. He left because of the statements made to him.

Beat Him To It

      Inex Chaeon, a naturalized citizen, employed by the Shannon Copper Company, left the district and took his family with him because a crowd of federation men came to run him out of town. A committee would be appointed for this purpose he was told, so he left.

Mob Rule.

      A mob of Mexicans and Spaniards came to the house of Jesus Estrada and told him to leave.  They said he was talking too much about the union.  Some of them were very angry because one of his sons obeyed the order of a foreman to go into the mine and get a team of mules that were underground.  He took his family and went to El Paso.

“Would Get Even.”

      Casimirio Rodela, motorman for the Arizona Copper Company, left because of many threats made against him on the ground that he was a “stool pigeon for the company” and that as soon as the union men had won the strike they would not let him work there any more. He took his mother and left the 9th of September.

Branded as Traitor

      Guadalupe H. Gonzoles, employed by the Shannon Copper Company, attended a public meeting on October 2nd. He heard the speaker say he was going to publish the names of all the “traitors,” i.e. those who did not join the union and that they would all be kicked out of town. He did not wait but left as soon as possible.

Not Hunting For Trouble

      Because he did not want to have any trouble with the Western Federation of Miners, Eugenio Sigala left Morenci September 12th. The day before he heard his father insulted on the streets because ho was working for the company and went to his father’s foreman and asked in the interests of safety that he be allowed to quit work

Took Their Advice

      Antenojenes Ornelas, a resident of the United States for seventeen years, was advised by members of the Western Federation of Miners on September 29th to leave Clifton where he was employed as foreman of the reverberatory of the Arizona Copper Company. He took the hint and left town. They told him that the reason he was not run out of town before was that Governor Hunt was there.

Enough Is Plenty

      Joe Scott, engineer at the ice plant of the Arizona Copper Company, is and American citizen and has resided in Arizona for fifteen years. On October 3rd a delegation of the Western Federation of Miners came to the ice plant and told him to go home. Two days later a friend warned him to get out of town as they were after him so he took his family of seven and came away. He owns a house and two lots in Clifton.

Perfectly Fine Citizens

      Jesus Madrid was compelled to leave his family without funds and to walk twenty-four miles in order to get out of Clifton. He left there at 1 o’clock in the morning when a mob came to his house and asked for him. He states that while the Western Federation of Miners was parading though the streets the men made insulting remarks to all who did not belong to the union and that the non-union men, their wives and children were compelled to listen to profane language by union men. On October 2nd at noon, he says, about 800 men surrounded the home of Mr. Carmichael, abusing him and every man that was staying by him that was not a union man.

An Exile From Home

      Feliciano Luera refused to accept provisions from the committee of the Western Federation of Miners because he did not want to belong to the union. The committee informed him that if he did not join the union he would have to leave Morenci. He  took his wife and two sons and left on the train the next morning.