July 18, 1917



Forces at Mines Are Steadily Increasing; I.W.W. Camp at Columbus Has a Field Day

(Special to the Citizen)

      BISBEE, Ariz., July 18. – Ross McKay, representative of Cochise county in the legislature, has asked President Wilson to have a federal grand jury called at Tucson to investigate the deportation of the I.W.W.s from Bisbee.

      She has telegraphed fellow members of the legislature asking them to wire the president urging such action.

      I.W.W. sympathizers are counting on former Governor Hunt, president Wilson’s conciliator, to persuade the president to have a federal grand jury investigation of the affair.  Such a grand jury would be drawn from Cochise, Pima and Santa Cruz counties, which compose the district, of which Tucson is the headquarters.

      Reports from Columbus indicate that “Bill” Cleary is working hard to secure such an investigation.  He is not sharing the stockade with his fellow I.W.W. members but has secured a room and bath at a hotel.  He is still acting as press agent for the undesirables.

Issue “Rustling Cards.”

      “Rustling cards” were to be issued today by the “investigating committee” to men who desire to work in the mines in the Warren district.  Under this system, which never has been used here before, any man possessing a card is entitled to apply for work at any mine or mill in the district.  The system, it is alleged, does away with the various employment offices.

      “The investigating committee,” besides issuing cards to men seeking work, also has supervision over the deportation of any members of the I.W.W. or their sympathizers who evaded the roundup last week, when 1,168 were deported, or who have slipped past the sentries guarding the roads leading into the district.

      Since the general deportation 30 men have been sent out of the district and others are being sought.

Allowed to Work.

      Before being deported they are given a hearing by the committed and if they demonstrate willingness to work or prove they have legitimate business here they are permitted to remain.

      Sheriff Wheeler and his deputies express confidence that there will be no further trouble here.

      The Shattuck-Arizona mine, which was closed during the early part o the strike, reported 34 per cent of the men back at work yesterday.

      Superintendent Arthur Houle said all men who applied yesterday were Americans.



      COLUMBUS, N.M. July 18. – Field day events were scheduled today in the camp of the 1,168 men deported from Bisbee, Ariz., last Thursday and preparation for a gala day were made by the exiles.   The meet was to be held under the direction of army officers, who have charge or the camp, and prizes of tobacco and cigarettes were offered the winners of the races and jumping contests.

      The men are settling down into camp routine and thus far have obeyed the instructions of the officers in charge without complaint.

      How long the men will be held here still is a matter of speculation, but many have prepared for a long stay by going into Columbus, accompanied by and escort of soldiers, and purchasing clothing and bedding for use in the camp.

      Many women and children, relatives of the exiles, who are not permitted within the enclosure at the camp, are staying in Columbus and their purchases and those of the exiles have had a noticeable effect on the amount of business done by local merchants.



      GLOBE, Ariz., July 18. – Two attempts were made to break through the guards stationed about the Old Dominion mine shortly after 12 o’clock this morning but both efforts were unsuccessful, as a result of the extreme vigilance which is being maintained by United States troops and civilian watchmen.

      Three Mexicans tried to cross the Arizona-Easter railroad tracks, about 25 yards below the spot where Private Mark Cafado was killed early Sunday morning, but they were halted by sentries. Another attempt was made by a stranger in an automobile to pass by the main entrance to the mine. When he had driven past the guards he was told he would be fired upon unless he halted. When he could not five any reason for entering the mine he was ordered to turn back.

      The giant searchlight, placed upon the highest point in the mine, has been sweeping the creek bottom along the railroad tracks since 11 o’clock last night when a body of men were discovered. Reinforcements have been sent to this part of the guard line and soldier sentries are being assisted by mine guards in watching the movements of the men who are about 50 yards from the tracks.

Threat Sent to Governor.

      Unless Governor Thomas E. Campbell prevents the rumored deportation of I. W. W.’s from the Globe-Miami district that organization “will take the law in its own hands,” according to a telegram from Organizer F. H. Little at Salt Lake City, to the governor. Following in his telegram:

      “Understand that the mine owners’ mob will take same action at Globe and Miami as was taken at Bisbee. The membership of the I. W. W. is getting tired of the lawlessness of the capitalist class and will no longer stand for such action. If you, as governor, cannot uphold the law we will take same into our own hands. Will you act or must we?”

      In reply Governor Campbell said he felt sure no deportation could occur with the federal troops stationed in the district and that he was using his best efforts to protect rights of all citizens. Concluding he said:

      “I resent your disloyal and untimely threats in view of my earnest efforts to bring law and order and such forces as will maintain same, and further, like behavior on your part will be punished to the full extent of my authority.”

      President Charles Moyer, of the International Mine, Mill and Smelter Workers, wired Governor Campbell saying he understood an effort would be made to bring strike breakers into the Arizona district from Missouri. He asked that this be prevented. Governor Campbell said he knew nothing of any such movement.


      GALLUP, N. M., July 18. – More miners reported for work today at the coal mines of the Gallup-American Fuel company, where a strike, called by the United Mine Workers of America, has been in effect for two weeks. Striking miners are receiving weekly strike benefits from the union. They amount to $4.50 a week for single men, with an additional $2 for married men and 50 cents more for each dependent child. Many strikers are leaving town for other coal camps.


      KLAMATH FALLS, Ore., July 18. – Organization of a citizens vigilance committee for the announced purpose of protecting Klamath Falls industries and farms from Industrial Workers of the World was effected here at a meeting of about 200 citizens. All the members agreed to report to riot calls whenever necessary.

      The meeting was called following the destruction Sunday of a flour mill and discovery yesterday that stock on nearby ranches had been poisoned.


      BUTTE, Mont., July 18. – With electricians and metal workers back on the job, mining officials today reported also the largest number of miners at work since the local labor troubles started in the Butte Copper district more than a month ago. All the striking employees of the Montana Power company are at work today. The Metal Mine Workers’ union at Butte, the organization formed by alleged I. W. W. leaders here, has failed in its efforts, it is reported, to prevent a large part of its membership from returning to work.


      BOZEMAN, Mont., July 18. – Officials of the Three Forks Portland Cement Company at Trident, 35 miles west of here, began an investigation today into the cause of a powder explosion which yesterday killed three men and seriously wounded five others, some of whom are not expected to survive. According to the chemist of the plant the explosion may have resulted from “static discharge” aided by the heat of the sun.


      BUTTE, Mont., July 18. – The Silver Bow Trades and Labor Council last night denied the request of the Employers’ Association for a general conference at which wage adjustments would be made, it was learned. The unions explained their action by saying that the employers are not organized on a democratic basis because votes in that organization are allotted in ratio to the number of men employed.

      A committee was appointed to notify the International Mine, Mill and Smelter Employees’ local that the council recognized their jurisdiction in opposition to that of the Metal Mine Workers’ Union.