UA Library

TUCSON CITIZEN

July 19, 1917

PASSPORTS NOW NEEDED TO GET INTO BISBEE DISTRICT

Men are Reporting for Work at Mines at Rate of About Fifty a Day

(Associated Press Leased Wire)

      BISBEE, Ariz., July 19. – A meeting of operations of copper mines in Arizona is to be held within the next week, it was announced here today, for the purpose of initiating a movement to extend the “loyalty league” organization to most of the camps in this section and for the Americanization of labor employed in all but the Clifton-Morenci-Metcalf district mines.

      The stand against employment of foreign miners was first taken by Bisbee companies.  The Old Dominion plant at Globe, it was declared here today, has taken a similar stand.  The Clifton-Morenci-Metclaf district has ores of such a class that no attempt will be made to supplant foreigners with Americans there as yet, it was said.

      The move to organize “loyalty leagues” is described as the operators’ efforts to offset the activities of the Industrial Workers of the World.

No Deportations Today.

      There were no deportations from Bisbee today.  The citizens’ investigating committee, however, spent a busy day examining about seventy-five men seeking employment at the mines.  Foreigners applying were told to wait until later.

      The Copper Queen mine had 1,465 men at work yesterday.  Its normal number is 2,200.

      Copper operators here say they will welcome investigation of the deportations a week ago, but declare it must be made by a fair investigating body and should include events immediately preceding the deportations.  No inquiry into the affair has been started.

      “Buck” Leggett, a cageman at the Junction Mine was killed, and tow other workmen were injured today in an accident which had no connection with the strike.

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      BISBEE, July 19. – Beginning today every stranger entering the Warren mining district must bear a passport from the mayor or recognized commercial body of certain designated cities if he wishes to pass the civilian guards posted along the roads in this region by Sheriff Harry Wheeler without being subjected to a searching questioning as to his business by the armed watchers.

      The duty of the guards it to prevent members of the Industrial Workers of the World or their sympathizers from entering the district, and the passport idea was hit upon as a means of avoiding unnecessary annoyance to tourists and other reputable citizens.

      Issuance of passports by the Douglas Chamber of Commerce was begun today.  At the request of Governor Thomas E. Campbell, sheriff Wheeler announced that passports also would be recognized when signed by the chief of police, the secretary of the Chamber of Commerce or El Paso or the mayor of Tucson.

Makes It Easy for Tourists

      This will enable tourists traveling by automobile along the borderland highway to pass through the district without being delayed for examination by the guards.

      Armed guards, many of them dressed in khaki and wearing leggings so that they look like soldiers to the uninitiated, are posted at strategic points along all the highways and railways entering the district.  These outposts are manned night and day and are visited daily by Sheriff Wheeler.  Every automobile is stopped and inspected, at night by means of flashlights, and the occupants questioned closely.

      The various outposts are in communication by means of telephones and signals.

Guards Live in Tents

      The guards eat and sleep in tents pitched on the mountainsides and have not left their posts since the deportation of Industrial Workers of the World members and their alleged sympathizers a week ago today.  Motorcycle patrols also ride over the district searching of any so-called “undesirables” who may have slipped past the guards.

      A fund of more than $70,000 is said to have been raised to defray the expenses of this elaborate system of picketing.

      Sheriff Wheeler has warned the guards to keep a close watch for persons attempting to bring liquor into the district.

      “Whisky,” said the sheriff, “is as bad as the ‘wobblies’ for stirring up trouble.”

      Miners are coming into the Warren district at the rate of 50 a day to find work in the mines and mills of this copper camp. They are coming from Globe, Miami, Texas, Oklahoma, Michigan and other sections and are applying for employment after being examined by the investigation board of citizens here.

HOLD COUNTIES RESPONSIBLE

      SPOKANE, Wa., July 19. – Lumber companies of Northern Idaho will hold the counties responsible in which their properties and situated responsible for any damage done by Industrial Workers of the World and the commissioners of ten counties in the panhandle section of Idaho have been notified in letters mailed by virtually all the lumber producing companies in that section, it was learned yesterday.

      The letters state the companies have done all in their power to avert trouble and now look to the county officials to protect their property to allow them to run their mills and cut their lumber.

RIOT HEARING AT GLOBE

      GLOBE, Ariz., July 19. – Approximately 50 men, charged with rioting here July 4, were placed on preliminary hearing here today before a justice of the peace. The men were pickets at the Old Dominion mine at the time of the alleged riot.

      The court denied separate trials to the defendants. The only witness this morning was Deputy Sheriff Gilmer, who established the location of the alleged riots which he said had taken place July 2, 5 and 6 as well as July 4. Gilmer spent more than an hour identifying men who were in the crowd of pickets.

ROUTINE AT COLUMBUS

      COLUMBUS, N. M., July 19. – The men deported from Bisbee last Thursday, and now held here, are settling more less into a routine under the direction of an army officer assigned to have charge of them. They are being supplied with tobacco and stamps if they are without money, and several who were deported from Bisbee without adequate shoes are to receive shoes.

      The military authorities are no longer allowing the men to visit the town here, but facilities have been arranged for them to make purchases in the local stores.

      Gus Hicks, a former soldier and now a property owner of this place, has returned from Bisbee, where he went several weeks ago, with the declaration that a peace officer there ordered him to leave Bisbee.

      Representative Ross McKay of the Arizona legislature, who is here, says the report that the Bisbee banks would not cash checks drawn by the deported men was erroneous. She estimated the men held here were divided equally among the I. W. W., organizations affiliated with the American Federation of Labor, and those without labor organization.

SEE PEACE AT CLIFTON

      DOUGLAS, July 19. – All hope of preventing the strike of metal miners in the Leadville district has been abandoned and the strike which had been postponed pending conferences will be called on or before Saturday morning.

      Information to this effect was wired to the department of labor at Washington by mediators appointed by the department in an effort to avert the strike.

      The strike was to have been called last Saturday but at the last moment the miners voted to delay action pending efforts to effect a settlement. The men offered to compromise their demands, asking 50 cents a day instead of $1 a day increase in wages originally requested.

      Several conferences were held between representatives of the miners and operators and the federal mediators, Verner Z. Reed and George W. Musser. It was said that no further conferences were to be held and that no hope remained of averting the strike.