December 1917

[page 1]


“The president’s mediation commission found very different conditions in the Warren copper district from those that prevailed in the other camps it visited. This district contains the great mines and smelters of the Copper Queen and Calumet and Arizona, with a normal output of about 17,000,000 pounds.

“So far as the immediate output of copper goes, the commission found the situation satisfactory. The strikes in the Globe-Miami and the Clifton-Morenci-Metcalf districts has [sic] resulted in a substantial shutdown of the mines. Federal intervention was needed to secure resumption. Here the strike called on June 26, which to an increasing measure affected the production in the district, was broken by the Bisbee deportations of 1,186 men on July12.

“The task, therefore, which confronted the president’s mediation commission was not to secure operations, but to insure their continuance during the period of the war. Here, as in the other camps, the strike came to a head because there was no machinery by which grievances of the employés could find adjustment through an orderly process of adjudication before some final disinterested tribunal in whose fairness both sides would have confidence and before whom each side would have equal weight.

“The commission has directed a plan of settlement accepted by the companies which provides for the establishment of grievance committees in each mine entirely selected by the men, by and before whom all grievances must in the first instance be presented. In case redress be needed and denied, the grievance committee may appeal to the United States administration appointed for the purpose of supervising the operations of the commission’s settlement in the entire district.

“Claims of discrimination against union members have been particularly insistent in this district. Such discriminations are hereafter prohibited, and the enforcement of the prohibition is vested in the United States administrator. There is thus assured the effective means by which all questions in dispute between the companies and the men can be promptly and justly settled under the impartial supervision of federal authority. Resort to the strike, at least for the period of the war, is therefore unnecessary and abandoned by the men. There is thus every basis for assurance that the copper production of this district will continue without interruption because of labor difficulties.”

The report of the commission pertaining to the deportations from Bisbee will be found in another column.