John C. Greenway, General Manager of the Calumet and Arizona Mine

John C. Greenway, General Manager of the Calumet and Arizona Mine

[Source: Sloan, Richard E. History of Arizona. Phoenix, AZ: Record Pub. Co., 1930. v. 3: 15]

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Born July 6, 1882, in Huntsville, Alabama. Died January 19, 1926.

A graduate of Yale University, Greenway fought in the Spanish American War alongside Teddy Roosevelt as a Rough Rider. His lifelong friendship with Roosevelt is credited with his progressive views. He arrived in Arizona in 1910 as general manager of the Calumet and Arizona Mine, Bisbee's second largest operation. He also managed the New Cornelia Copper Company of Tucson and various railroads; was founder of the town of Ajo; and served on the board of regents of the University of Arizona.

Greenway was the only one of the three mining companies present at the deportation and the planning meeting the day before. He supervised the creation of vigilante leagues, falsely implying that the roundup had support of the federal government, which it did not. He was also present at ballpark, on horseback with a rifle across his saddle, where he pleaded with the men to go back to work.

In October, 1917, he resigned his position with the mine and accepted a commission as a major in the army, and was sent to France. He was indicted for kidnapping and conspiracy for his role in the deportation, but the charges were dropped. After the war, he returned to Arizona where he was active in business and was frequently mentioned as a candidate for governor. Tall, dashing, and handsome, his statue stands in the capitol in Washington, D.C. and a replica stands in front of the Arizona Historical Society. He died in New York City. His widow, Isabella Selmes Greenway, later became a member of the U.S. House of Representatives and built the Arizona Inn in Tucson.

[Sources: James W. Byrkit. Forging the copper collar: Arizona's labor management war of 1901-1921. Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona Press, 1982; John S. Goff, Arizona Biographical Dictionary. Cave Creek, AZ: Black Mountain Press, 1983.]