Activity 7B: Analyzing IWW Graphical Images

Students will analyze graphics from historical documents

Standard: Strand 1: American History

Grades 6-8

Concept 1: Research Skills for History

PO 4. Formulate questions that can be answered by historical study and research

PO 5. Describe the differences between a primary and secondary source documents

PO 6. Determine the credibility and bias of primary and secondary sources

Grade 7

Concept 7. Emergence of the Modern United States

PO 5 c. Analyze the impact of industrialization on the United States - Unions

High School

Concept 1: Research Skills for History

PO 5. Evaluate primary and secondary sources

a. author's main points (photographer's main points)

b. purpose and perspective

c. facts vs. opinions

d. different points of view on same historical event

e. credibility and validity

Concept 7: Emergence of the Modern United States

PO 1. Analyze how the following aspects of industrialization transformed the American economy beginning in the late 19th century:

d. Labor movement (e.g., Bisbee Deportation)

Standard: Writing Standard: Strand 3: Writing Applications

High School

Concept 6: Research

PO 1. Write a research report that:

a. incorporates evidence in support of a thesis or claim
b. integrates information from two or more pieces of primary and/or secondary research information
c. makes distinctions between the relative value and significance of specific data, facts, and ideas
d. integrates direct quotes
e. uses internal citations
f. includes a works cited, bibliography, or reference page (Grades 10-12)


Activity -Graphical Images

The IWW used graphics and color to enliven their publications. Have students examine the different images on the I.W.W. page and the front page of the Bisbee Daily Review, July 7, 1917.  They can work in groups or individually and answer the following questions. 

Ask the students to examine the images on the different pamphlets or stamps on the I.W. W. Page and the front page of the Bisbee Daily Review, July 7, 1917 .

  1. What message do the images send?
  2. How is color used? What does color add or take away?
  3. How does the image explain what the publication is about?
  4. Without reading any of the publications, what do you learn about the I.W.W. by looking at the covers?
  5. How would the miners in Bisbee respond to the graphical covers? Why?
  6. How would the mine owners and town's people respond? Why?
  7. How do these images make you feel?

When students are finished, ask them to share with the class how these graphics were used, understood, and influenced the members of the I.W.W. and supporters of the mine owners.


     Analyzing Graphical Image

Sources to Consult:
I.W.W. documents 

Bisbee Daily review, July 7, 1917