DAVID UDALL'S JOURNAL
St. Louis, Missouri May 23, 1851
The reason that I write this book is because the servant of God has advised me to do it and because I am determined that my posterity shall not be so ignorant about their forefathers as I am. Many a time I wished to know about my forefathers but
GRANDFATHER DAVID UDALL
no one could tell me. How I wish they had kept a record book so that I might know something about them. I would have kept that book as sacred as I do the history of men that is recorded in the Bible. I have taken great pains in getting all the information
about my relations and I wish my posterity--I know that I shall have a posterity--to preserve this book and when it is old to copy it off on another paper and hand this record down from one generation to another so that none of my posterity may be ignorant about their genealogy. I wish each generation of my children to keep a record of their ups and downs that they have and of births and deaths, and a few of the most important things that come to pass in their lives, and band it down to their children. Another request I have to make, that is for them to keep the commands of God and live soberly, honestly, industriously, and attend to every virtuous principle, and I promise them in the name of Jesus that they shall be blessed, both temporally and spiritually throughout time and eternity. Keep the commands of God and His servants and keep in His Kingdom, and never enter into the kingdom of the devil, and then we will all meet in the first resurrection together to receive the blessings that God has in store for us, to see all our good forefathers, to dwell on this earth when all is peace and happiness, and when the knowledge of God will be over it, even so, AMEN.
I, David Udall, the son of Jesse Udall (and Ann Drawbridge), was born January 18, 1829, in the Parish of Goudhurst, County of Kent, England. At the time, my father was in America seeking a home for his family. He was gone thirteen months.
I was a strong, healthy boy. When I was nine years old I went to work with my father to earn my living and never was any expense to my parents thereafter. I worked with my father two years and then went to Brighton in Sussex, forty miles from father's house. I stayed ten months and got a good character and learned some good and some bad things. My father sent for me to come home and I have reason to be thankful that I left those wicked men. If I had stayed there I might now be going with the giddy multitude. I became quick and thoughtful while at Brighton and when I went to my father's house I was quite altered. I could learn anything. I went to work all the days
and of evenings I learned to read and write and do arithmetic, but I bad a rebellious spirit and my father had to correct me.
I lived with my father four years after I left Brighton. I worked for many masters during the time and all gave me a good character. When I was about thirteen years old I became a total abstainer from strong drink. I did not drink anything that would intoxicate me or make me drunk. I kept it for ten years until I came to America. During this time I labored hard and I declare with words of soberness that I was strong and healthy and could do any kind of labor without the assistance of strong drink. Strong drink has been the downfall of thousands of young men. It has robbed widows, starved children and made homes miserable and has been the steppingstone to all that is bad. I feel to advise all young men and women to totally abstain from strong drink. It will keep them from the giddy multitude and do them good and be a blessing unto them the same as it has been a blessing unto me. I never have been drunk in my life.
When I was about fourteen years old I received religious impressions. The Spirit of God convinced me of sin and of righteousness and that Jesus was the Son of God. I was acquainted with the Wesleyans. I did all that they told me, but I could not feel myself reconciled to God. I could not feel my sins forgiven. I have prayed to God many times that I might feel at peace with Him. God heard my prayers and brought me under the sound of the Gospel of Truth.
During the time I worked with my father he instilled into my mind many good things, good principles, and he taught me to be sober, honest and industrious. He set a good example. He was a total abstainer from strong drink. He was a good man. I imitated his example and gained his approbation and the smile and affection of my mother. They were very fond of me. It is a great blessing to have the smiles and prayers of your parents. I feel thankful to my Heavenly Father for giving me good parents and for sending me strength and a perfect body and a portion of His Holy Spirit, and for giving me a sane mind and some wisdom and some knowledge, and for bringing me under the sound of the Gospel and giving me the means for me to go from my
native land, a land of oppression and bondage, and bringing me to a land of freedom where the Kingdom of God will be built up.
When I was sixteen years old I went to live at Marden, five miles from my father's house. My master kept a boarding school. I served him one year. I gained the approbation of my master and his wife and got a good character. Then I went to live at Putney, five miles from London, fifty miles from my father's house. I lived there four years. I learned many things, gained much information, experience and wisdom.
I attended to a "milk walk" for my cousin Gaius for those four years. I kept myself sober and honest and gained the affection of my cousin. He never found me in a dishonest action in all the time. I was among a good many men and women and kept good company and gained the approbation of all around me. After I bad lived at Putney one year and a quarter I fell in love with my wife. The first time I saw her was on the seventh of February 1848. She gained my approbation and just suited me. I kept faithful to her for two years and then we were married. I never saw a young woman I liked so much. I have proved her to be a good young woman, a good wife and a good saint. I can say of a truth I never deceived any young woman nor robbed any young woman of her virtue. I feel thankful unto God for it and I say unto everyone that reads this writing--be faithful and kind to the female sex, perform your promises and never deceive them and it will be a blessing unto you; if you do not, it will prove a curse to you.
Eliza King (my wife), the daughter of William and Ann Anderson King, was born December 30, 1826 at Waltham Parish, Berks, England. The greater portion of her girlhood life was spent in working as a cook, waiting maid, etc. Her father was a farm laborer and she bad six brothers and five sisters. They were identified with the Protestant Churches and were devout Christians. She was above medium height and weight, having dark brown hair which was silken and wavy; full dark eyes, beautiful complexion and red cheeks, and was pronounced by her neighbors as a beautiful woman.
When I lived at Putney, about the year 1847, I became ac-
quainted with a Mormon elder by the, name of John Squires. He was a good servant of God. I feel thankful to him for his kindness and his instruction and I feel thankful to God for bringing me under the sound of the voice of one of His servants and for giving me the spirit of obedience. Mr. Squires preached the Gospel to me faithfully. I received it and was baptized into the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in the Thames River on the 15th of June 1848, and was ordained a teacher the 15th of July 1849, and a Priest on the 23rd of October 1849. Eliza King was baptized November 6th, 1848. I was the first one that heard the voice of the servants of God in that region of country where I lived. I kept the, faith. I preached the Gospel to the people in Richmond and Hammersmith and Battersea.
In the 22nd year of my life, on December 2nd, 1850, I was married to Eliza King for time, at Hammersmith,, near London. We bad a happy wedding. We went from Hammersmith to my wife's father's and mother's house, in, Binfield, Berkshire. We spent fourteen happy days with them and then went to London thirty-five miles away, and stayed one night, Then we went to see our relatives at Chatham in the County of. Kent and stayed two nights. We went all over Chatham and saw the barracks, the docks and the fortifications. We have traveled over London and a great part of England and have seen many wonderful and beautiful sights.
When we left Chatham we went to my father's house and spent a happy fourteen days with them. My father and mother were very fond of me and my wife. They mourned very much when we left them to go to America. I was sorry to go and to leave them. I would like to have stayed and to have supported them when old, but I could not. I. did not want to stay in a land of oppression and have, a family and bring them up in poverty. I felt like obeying the commands of the Lord. He had commanded me through His servants to flee to the land of Zion where I might learn wisdom and grow in knowledge and be blessed, and be, a blessing to my posterity.
On the 2nd of January 1851, we set out from my father's house for America. We went to London and stayed with our
relatives three days. From there we went to Liverpool, 200 miles. We got into the sailing vessel "George W. Bourne," a Mormon ship, and had to wait in the Mersey River fourteen days for the wind. We left there on the 20th. We were in the Irish, Channel nine days with a rough headwind. We were tossed about in a most unpleasant manner. I was seasick two days and two nights and could not eat anything. I shall never forget it. We could not sleep, we bad to bold ourselves in bed. There was an awful noise with the boxes rolling about and the chains and the sailors and the Captain. My wife was sick all the time. She could not eat and became so emaciated that in washing her hands her wedding ring came off and was thrown into the sea. We were eight weeks going from Liverpool to New Orleans. We stayed in New Orleans two days--6,000 miles from Liverpool. Then we got into a steamboat and went to St. Louis, 1,200 miles from New Orleans. We were on the boat seven days. This journey from Liverpool was made with a company of about two hundred Mormons, presided over by William Gibson.
When we got to St. Louis my wife was better. I got work in a brickyard. I was very fortunate; many of the saints could not get work. Many of them were sick and in poverty and many of them died with cholera. I worked in the brickyard five months and then went to work helping to build a large chimney 150 feet high on 14th Street and Shoothers.
My sister, Ann, who came to America after her marriage, died June 21, 1851, at Westfield, Chatauqua County, New York. She was a good woman and lived up to the light God gave her. I believe she will rise in the first resurrection.
I was called to the office of an elder and to preside over the first ward in St. Louis on the 16th of August 1851.
On September 7th, 1851, David King Udall was born, the first son of David and Eliza Udall, in St. Louis, Missouri, North America, near the City Hospital.
April 27, 1852, myself and family left St. Louis for Salt Lake Valley, Utah. I am thankful to God my Father for delivering us from St. Louis. It is a sickly, wicked hell of a place. Many of
my brethren have fallen but I have been preserved. We left, six of us and my child, in one wagon with two yoke of oxen. The other members of the party were Brother and Sister Jeffs, Brother Clegg, an old bachelor and his sister. We camped at Manchester on the 29th and at Union on the 2nd of May. We bad very heavy thunderstorms and bought two cows. May 7th we ferried a river. May 16th we ferried the Osage River. That was the greatest hell I was ever in. It was on Sunday. We bad a very heavy thunderstorm and flooded our wagons. Two of the brethren got to fighting and when our wagons were on the ferryboat one of the oxen got overboard. We got him on again and then one of the oxen gave me a kick overboard and Brother Vickers pulled me out of the water by my feet. I shall always remember it and thank God for saving my life. We passed through a half mile of swampland in water up to our knees and then came to a good country, plenty of grass, good roads and some strawberries.
June 1st we got to Independence safe after having our wagons break down and a great many more difficulties. June 6th we camped at Kansas City and crossed the Kansas River. June 7th we came to Leavenworth. On the 9th we started on the plains; seven or eight wagons and eleven men. June 11th we found an ox with a yoke on it. He was very wild and we got a rope on him and he ran at us and drove us, but we took him to Salt Lake City and sold him and divided the money. On the 12th we lost all our oxen and found some of them seven miles off. We found many dead oxen and graves of men. On the 24th we came to the Big Blue and forded it. On the 30th we came to the Platte River. The mosquitoes troubled us very much. Brother Vickers' child died the day before.
July 1st we came to Fort Kearney. On the 3rd we came to a flock of sheep, 10,000 in number, going to California; fifteen or twenty of them were left behind every day. On the 12th we forded the South Fork of the Platte River. On the 13th we came to Oak Hollow; on the 16th we came to Chimney Rock, and on the 20th to Fort Laramie. We who had money bought provisions and some had no money and no provisions. They laid their case
before the commander of the fort and be gave them freely and liberally, so we started, refreshed again.
August 4th we forded the north fork of the Platte River. We had some trouble to get through and then we saw a widow's wagon turn over in the river. We saved the most of her things. A man who bad been drowned was found. August 10th we forded Sweet Water River at Independence Rock. The 23rd we came to Sulphur and Tar Springs.
September 5th, 1852, we arrived at Salt Lake City. I was very sick for a week. I was thankful when I recovered. My wife and I were rebaptized on the 19th of September and had all former blessings and the priesthood conferred on us. September 20th we started for Nephi City; on the 21st camped at Hot Springs, the first I ever saw. On the 24th we arrived at Nephi and were welcomed by the president to the city and on the 25th were invited to a good dinner. It was a festival day (first anniversary of the settlement of Nephi). I like this place very much. I feel at home here. I feel to record my thanks to God, my Father in Heaven for His mercies and blessings to me, for sending me on the earth in this age of the world, for health and strength and for bringing me under the sound of the Gospel and giving me His Spirit to guide me; for bringing me through all the dangers I have passed through and bringing me to this place, and I ask Him in the name of Jesus to bless me and my posterity after me according to His wisdom.
July 17, 1853. A war broke out with the Indians today. They shot a man dead. We all had to move out of our houses into the fort that we made with our wagons.
July 22, 1853. My wife and I were married and sealed together for time and all eternity by George A. Smith, one of the Quorum of the Twelve.
July 26. At daybreak in the morning I was shot through the calf of my leg while I was standing on guard. Another man was with me but we could not see the Indian. I thank my Heavenly Father for preserving my life from that Lamanite or Indian.
July 30. The Indians stole 200 head of cattle and horses from Aldridge settlement, all they had except two horses. They
took them in the daytime while the men were herding them.
August 23, 1853. William Jesse was born and died on the 3rd of September. At that time we saw a comet in the west with its tail upward about as long as a sword--as it looked to be.
October 1. Four of our brethren were killed by the Indians on the divide at Williams Springs, fourteen miles from here. They were brought here the same day and buried the next morning. We were ordered by our officers to kill the Indians. Eight of them were killed and we took a boy and a squaw prisoners. I did not kill any of them. I took one of them prisoner and another man came and shot him.
November 20. Captain Gunnison and seven of his men were killed by the Indians on the Sevier River where these men were surveying for a railroad.
December 1, 1853, we felt the shock of an earthquake. The people ran out of their homes. On the 12th we felt another heavy shock in the night. It woke the people.
October 30, 1854, my mother died. This year the grasshoppers destroyed nearly all my crop.
June 20, 1855, Eliza Ann Udall was born.
November 1, 1855, David and Eliza Udall received their endowments.
May 18, 1857, I was ordained a seventy and admitted into the Forty Ninth Quorum of Seventy by the President thereof.
October 10, 1857, I was called to go out to meet our enemies (Johnston's Army).
December 10, 1857, my daughter, Mary Ann, was born and I blessed her when eight days old.
June 23, 1861, my son, Joseph, was born.
March 15, 1863, my wife, Eliza, died. She had lived the life of a saint, true to her covenants. She loved me as her husband and was passionately fond of her children. She was a good wife and companion and a good mother. She was pregnant when she died. I am very sorry to, lose her but the Lord's will be done.
1864. In January of this year I was thrown from a horse and very much hurt. I feel this every day of my life.
In 1867 and 1868, the grasshoppers destroyed our crops, but I thank the Lord He has sustained us all the days of our lives.
October 16, 1872, I started from Salt Creek (Nephi) with Elizabeth, my second wife, and her children and arrived at Kanab October 30, 1872.
1873. This year I lived at Kanab. It was an exceedingly dry summer and I lost nearly all my crop for the want of water.
1874. In the month of April, I went into the United Order with all that I had. I worked in the order for eight months and then they gave our property back again. It gave me a great experience and I believe the United Order is from Heaven.
1875. I left Kanab with my family May the 12th, and arrived in Nephi the 27th. I traded my house at Kanab and my lot and farm to my son, David. I, with my family were re-established in the United Order in October 1875, by Bishop Joel Grover (Nephi).
January 28, 1883, I, David Udall, was ordained a High Priest and set apart by Joseph F. Smith as a bishop to act in the Second Ward of Nephi.
January 18, 1891, ordained a Patriarch by Apostle Francis M. Lyman. This year we raised good crops, about 1,500 bushels of grain and 50 tons of hay. I gave 75 patriarchal blessings and I worked in the Temple for my parents, Jesse and Ann Drawbridge Udall, for my son, Edwin, and many others of our dead relatives.
June 14, 1894, I started for England and returned August 25th.
The Lord blessed me on that genealogical mission. I visited many relatives and friends. They all received me kindly and I got the genealogy of many with the intention of working for them in the Temples of the Lord. We raised "middling" crops of grain but lost our crop of beets because they could Dot make sugar from them.
1895. This year the Lord prospered all my family with health, happiness, peace and prosperity, and yet we could hardly pay our taxes and debts, for everything was so cheap. But we are thankful it is as well with us as it is. We will start to the Temple to work for the dead in January 1896.
1896. This year the Lord has blessed our labors. We raised
a good crop. Peace and prosperity attended our labors and we worked for our dead in the Temple of our God at Manti.*
1898. I am recalling my early history. The forepart of my life was spent with my father and mother on a farm called Hamon Farm at Goudhurst. I can remember my brother, Jesse's, dying. I was five years old. At six years I first went to school. When I first went to work with my father daily for six cents a day I was nine years old.
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1904. My wife, Rebecca, and I spent two months in Arizona with our children and grandchildren, all that time rejoicing with them and thanking the Lord that we had that privilege. On my birthday the 18th of January we had a birthday party and dinner ,at my son David King's house. We had music, singing and speaking of the best kind. Ida Hunt Udall sang "Grandpa's Birthday Song," composed by herself, and on that 75th birthday of mine we had a glorious time of rejoicing with our children, grandchildren and great-grandchild--never to be forgotten.
1907. My dearly beloved wife, Elizabeth, died June 24th this year at Nephi. This was a great grief to me. I thank the Lord for giving me such a good, faithful wife and a good loving mother to her children and to all around her.
*These last two yearly entries (1895 and 1896) are typical of many that appear in the journal. The crops were either good, "middling," or more frequently poor due to drought and grasshoppers, and only then was it necessary to borrow money to pay the taxes. Invariably, thanks are given to our Heavenly Father for His loving kindness and mercy; frequently it is recited that they had peace and happiness at home. Irrespective of crops or lack of crops they went to the Temple (usually Manti) and did work for their dead in the House of the Lord. The births and deaths of his children were faithfully recorded.
1908. We raised a good crop of grain; no fruit as the frost took it nearly all. We, worked for our dead in the Manti Temple and we are very thankful to our Heavenly Father for that favor. My daughters, Eliza Ann Tenney and Mary Ann Stewart, helped me very much.
1909. We went to the Manti Temple and worked for our dead. My daughter, Kate U. Bailey, and her husband, William Bailey, helped us very much. We lost our fruit crop by the frost. We raised a good crop of grain. I rented my farm to my son, Alvin. My wife, Rebecca, and myself were taken very sick with La Grippe. We thank the Lord for our recovery.
1910. Rebecca's health is very poor. Her eyesight is n early gone. Her memory is poor.... The frost took all our fruit this year. This is a very dry season and our crops are only "middlin."
COMMENT ON DAVID UDALL'S JOURNAL
By David King Udall
Soon after making the last entry in his journal, father complained of a pain in his stomach. My sister, Eliza Ann Tenney, was at that time living in the home, taking care of him and the nearly blind little Aunt Rebecca. After Eliza applied the simple home remedies, the doctor was called. It was thought that father would soon be better, but a few days later, on November 11, 1910, he passed from this earth as he had lived, in fearless simplicity. He was in his eighty-second year.
Who can read father's "Preface" and the simple story that he has left us without feeling his faith in God, and his trust in the Gospel plan for both the living and the dead? His gratitude for all his blessings seems immeasurable. May we, his descendants, to the last generation, honor his memory and emulate his example.
Before closing this sketch, it is fitting to state that father's prophetic utterance concerning his posterity has been fulfilled, for he became the father of eighteen children and at the time of his death he had many grandchildren and great-grandchildren.
By hard work and economy he provided for his large family and built two unpretentious, but comfortable, homes which some years before his death he had deeded to his wives. He left an estate in addition to the homes amounting to $8,000, which was divided among his children. As I look back over the vicissitudes of farming in Nephi I wonder that he did so well. To my knowledge father did not at any time hold a remunerative position either in the Church or the state. He did not know the first element of scheming and he abhorred debt, being neither a trader nor a speculator. Many other fathers have been more successful financially, but as I view the picture of his life, no man could be more industrious, frugal and honest than was my dear father.
I sense keenly and gratefully that my father's courage in accepting and living the restored Gospel is the very foundation of my own family life. May God's blessings be over us and help us to be valiant in the cause of the Master whom be loved so much.
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(Note: According to Church instructions, David Udall's journal has been filed in the historian's office in the Church Office Building in Salt Lake City, where all his descendants may have access to it.)
THE JOSEPH UDALL FAMILY
Inasmuch as all of the Udalls living in the state of Arizona (so far as is known) are descendants of either David K. Udall or his brother, Joseph Udall, it seems fitting and proper that a brief sketch of Joseph's life, as well as the names of his children and grandchildren, should be contained herein.
Joseph Udall was born in Nephi, Utah, on June 23, 1861. The story of his younger days, in the main, parallels that of his brother, David K., which is told in the beginning of this volume.
Joseph married a Nephi girl, Emma Goldsbrough, on February 2, 1882. Two years later they responded to a call of the L.D.S. Church leaders to aid in colonizing Apache County, Arizona.
They first settled at St. Johns and later moved to Round Valley where the growing town of Eagar became the family residence. Joseph acquired extensive land holdings, engaging in farming, and in sheep and cattle raising. Sensing the need for improving the breeds of livestock, he was a prime mover in importing purebred animals.
Joseph was a leader in public enterprise. He became prominent in the construction of irrigation projects, was a charter member of the Arizona Good Roads Association, served for many years
AND EMMA UDALL AND THEIR CHILDREN
as a member of the Apache County Board of Supervisors, and was also interested in local banking and merchandising operations. He became financially independent and was recognized far and wide as a man of vision and sound judgment, always ready to advise and aid his fellowmen.
Spiritual matters were not neglected as Joseph faithfully served his Church and was always active therein. just prior to the turn of the century he filled a mission to England and, upon his
return, was immediately made Bishop of the Eagar Ward where he served for over twenty-two years.
His good wife, Emma, mother of their ten children, died December 31, 1928. She was a faithful and devoted wife and helpmeet and was possessed of keen business judgment. By reason of Joseph's poor eyesight Emma was the one who kept the books and wrote the letters. She was a good mother and a lovely lady of high ideals.
Later, Joseph married Arilla Hamblin Ashcroft, who survives him.
Joseph lived a full and rich life and retained all of his faculties to the time of his death which occurred in Eagar on December 23, 1949, at the ripe age of eighty-eight years.
of the children and grandchildren of Joseph Udall (totalling in all nearly
a hundred), together with the names of the individuals whom they married,
Children: Oscar A. (m 1. Ella Kartchner (div.), m. 2. Bess Louise Mulkey); Karl Edward*; Lavelle (m. Lawrence Jones); Ervin Udall (m. Frances Ellen Madden); Shirley Kay (m. Lorana Patterson); Louise (m. Ralph Lane); Sarah (m. J. D. Sayre); Emma Marie.*
2. Joseph K. (King) Udall,* m. Eunice Brown*; later m. Maude Colter Phelps.
Children (of first marriage): Joseph Jackson (m. Ecco Reynolds); Virginia (m. Marvin Deshler); Eunice*; Elizabeth (m. Nelson Case).
Goldsbrough (Harry) Udall,* m. Dorinda Love.
*'Note, Indicates party named is now deceased.
4. Earl Francis Udall (died at age 19).
Gaius (Gay) Udall, m. Blanche Layton.
6. Oscar Leland Udall.*
Udall, m. Harry E. Colter.*
8. Edwin Pratt Udall, m. Orma Phelps.
Udall, m. W. Ellis Wiltbank.*
Udall, m. Glen Rogers.
(Note: The numbering used in the following charts is in accordance with the numbering system used by the Genealogical Society of Utah.)