9th & 10th Centuries


Drogo-Sakramentar: manuscript latin 9428, Bibliothèque nationale, Paris : [vollst. Faks.-Ausg. im Originalformat]. Akadem. Druck- u. Verlagsanst.Graz 1974 2 v.: col. ill; 27 cm. --; [1] Facsimile.--[2] Kommentar; Title from v. [2]; Vol. [2] contains selections from W. Köhler 's Karolingische Miniaturen, v. 3, 1960, and is edited by F. Mütherich.; Bibliography, v. [2], p. 29-31.; Codices selecti phototypice impressi; v. 49. BX2037.A3 G7 Special Coll 

This Sacramentary written and painted for Bishop Drogo's personal use (823–855) has become a monument to his name and one of the treasures of the Bibliothèque Nationale de France. Drogo was one of Charlemagne's illegitimate sons. Forced out of the royal court when Louis the Pious became Emperor in 814, Drogo became a priest. In 823, he was made Bishop of Metz, and he held this position until his death. He was also one of the greatest patrons of the arts in the 9th century. A Sacramentary is a book containing all the prayers spoken by the officiating priest during the course of the year. Of particular importance for the history of illumination and especially for iconography is the Palm Sunday initial depicting the Crucifixion (fol. 43v). While the Utrecht Psalter contains the earliest known example of “Dead Christ” iconography, The Drogo Sacreamentary, created some thirty years later, includes symbolic figures at the cross. The liturgical text is written in two types of script. Minuscule script is used in the running text and in the main portion of the Sacramentary, or Canon Missae, elaborate frames enhance the text written in glowing golden letters. 

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