Pre-9th Century

Papyrus Ani, The Book of the Dead

Papyrus Ani: BM 10.470: vollst. Faks.-Ausg. im Originalformat des Totenbuches aus dem Besitz des British Museum. Akadem. Druck- u. Verlagsanst.Graz 1979 Book of the dead.; 1 portfolio ([1] leaf, [37] leaves of plates: 37 col.facsims.); 45 x 82 cm. + 1 text; "Kommentar von Edmund Dondelinger": (83 p.); Facsim. with German commentary.; No.213 of an edition of 2000.; Papyrus of Ani; Codices selecti phototypice impressi; v.62. PJ1555 .A3 1978 Special Coll Oversize The book of the dead; facsimile of the papyrus of Ani in the British Museum. Printed by order of the trustees., 2d ed. London] Sold at the British Museum, and by Longmans & Co. [etc.] 1894 .PJ1555 .A3 1894 Special Coll Oversize

The Book of the Dead is a compendium of ancient Egyptian mythology, religious beliefs and practices. It includes spells, incantations, hymns, magical formulas, and prayers. E.A. Wallis Budge acquired the Papyrus of Ani for the British Museum in 1888. He sliced the scroll into 37 pieces and mounted the sections for exposition at the British Museum , where they began to deteriorate under the light. At the same time he commissioned a full-size, full-color facsimile, first published in 1890 and again in 1894 without translation or analysis. In 1895 a 2d volume to the 2d edition would include his transliteration , introduction, etc. The 1894 volume includes 37 double-page chromolithograph plates. In 1978 Gratz issued a new facsimile edition in portfolio of the 37 segments of the papyrus in their original size along with a scholarly commentary (in German) by E. Dondelinger . One of the symbols you might look for is HEQ, the crook or sceptre, the Symbol of Dominion. It is carried even now by Bishops.

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