15. SCHOOLS AND EDUCATION.


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IT will be interesting and important for those desiring to locate in Arizona to know that the Legislature of the Territory has enacted a good school, law, patterned after the best of the States east and west. This law is intended to give to every child in the Territory a thorough common-school education.

The Hon. A. P. K. Safford, and other leading gentlemen of the Territory, have worked long and faithfully to inaugurate a good common-school system on a broad and permanent basis, equal in all respects to that of the older States and Territories. The system is now well established, and with a few necessary amendments will no doubt be eminently successful. Schools have been successfully established in most of the towns in the Territory, and good and competent teachers employed who are having excellent success.

Several Catholic schools are also firmly established at different localities.

In Yuma County there are two public schools, one


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at Yuma and one at Ehrenburg, and also one Catholic school at Yuma, under the charge of the Sisters of St. Joseph, which is quite successful. The Yuma public school employs two good teachers, and has an attendance of over one hundred scholars. That at Ehrenburg has but one teacher, and some twenty scholars.

In Mohave County there is one school at Mineral Park, with one teacher and twenty scholars.

At Cerbat there is a small school a portion of the time, and at Greenwood and Hackberry some arrangements are being made for schools.

Yavapai County is quite well supplied with schools at all points where there are a dozen or more scholars. Prescott has the model school-house and school of the Territory. A new brick school-house was erected the past year at a cost of twelve thousand dollars, having all the modern improvements. It is capable of accommodating three hundred pupils, and nearly that number now attend. Professor M. H. Sherman, an accomplished teacher, formerly from Washington County, New York, is principal, and is assisted by a good corps of teachers.

At Williamson Valley, twenty miles west of Prescott, they have a school of thirty scholars and a competent teacher.

At Walnut Creek is another good school with some twenty scholars, forty miles west of Prescott.


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At the Verde settlement, forty miles east from Prescott, is a good school of twenty scholars.

At Walnut Grove, on the Hassayampa, thirty miles south from Prescott, a school district has been organized with some thirty scholars.

At Chino Talley, Kirkland Valley, and Peeple's Valley, schools are already, or soon will be, established. Also at Wickenburg, in the extreme south-west part of the county.

On the Chiquito Colorado there are several settlements where arrangements are being made to establish schools, which will ere long be in successful operation.

In Maricopa County there is a good school at Phœnix, of over forty scholars, and arrangements are being made to organize several others in Salt Talley at convenient points.

At Phœnix, in Pinal County, they have a school of some thirty scholars, and a competent teacher; also a comfortable school-house lately put in good repair.

There is a first class public school at Tucson, in Pima County, with several excellent teachers and an attendance of two hundred scholars. A good school-house has been erected at Tucson, mainly through the efforts of ladies of the town, to whom much credit is due. There is a large and well attended Catholic school here with an attendance of nearly two hundred, under the charge of the Sisters of St.Joseph,


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who are having good success. They are doing much to advance the cause of education within the church.

At Tres Alimos, on the San Pedro River, fifty miles east from Tucson, and at Safford, in the Pueblo Viejo Valley, one hundred and fifty miles northeast of Tucson, schools have already been organized, or soon will be. At each of these places there are twenty or more scholars.

Some effort has been made at various times to establish schools at the different Indian agencies. While the Papago Indians were under the charge of Bishop Salpointe, a school was started there by four of the Sisters of St. Joseph, and quite a number of the Papago children attended, and were making good progress, especially in writing and drawing, for which they seemed to have a natural taste. The school is now closed.

At the San Carlos agency, arrangements were made, a year or more since, to establish a school, but with what success is unknown.

At the Gila River Reservation a school was established for the Pima and Maricopa children, and several favorable reports have been made of success.

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