25. ROUTES OF TRAVEL TO ARIZONA.


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To all desiring to go to Arizona, this is a necessary and important subject for consideration.

There are two routes by public conveyance from San Francisco, one by steamer from San Francisco to either San Pedro, Santa Monica, or San Diego. If by Santa Monica or San Pedro, from both those points the Southern Pacific Railroad will be taken at Los Angeles, from fifteen to twenty miles from those ports, and thence by that railroad either to Yuma, to which point the railroad will be completed before the first of July of the present year, or to the nearest point on the Colorado to Ehrenburg, which will be less than 100 miles. By the route to Yuma one can there take the stage of the Southern Pacific Mail Line to Maricopa Wells, Florence, Tucson, and all points in Southern Arizona, connecting at Maricopa Wells with a stage route to Phœnix, and thence by the California and Arizona Stage Company to Wickenburg, Prescott, and all points in the central and northern parts of the Territory. On the Colorado Desert, at


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the nearest point to Ehrenburg, the California and Arizona Stage Company connect with the railroad semi-weekly, and will soon make daily connections, crossing the Colorado River at Ehrenburg, and thence running to Wickenburg, Prescott, and all intermediate points. At Wickenburg a branch line runs to Phœnix and Florence, at the latter point connecting with the Southern Pacific Mail Line, and at Phœnix with stage lines to Camp McDowell east, and with Maricopa Wells southwest.

Those desiring to visit the beautiful town and harbor of San Diego, go to that point by steamer from San Francisco, and thence by stage on the Southern Pacific Mail Line to Yuma, and thence by the same line to other points as before designated.

The distance by stage from San Diego to Yuma is 200 miles, from Yuma to Maricopa Wells 183, to Florence 237, to Tucson 300, and to Apache Pass 425 miles.

Emigrants going from California to Arizona will, with teams and stock, follow nearly on the line indicated from Los Angeles, and if on reaching the Colorado Desert, they desire to go to Mineral Park, Cerbat, Prescott, or elsewhere in the central or northern parts of the Territory, they will, at or near Indian Wells, take the northern route, crossing the Colorado River at Hardyville, where there is an excellent ferry kept by William M. Hardy, Esq., and thence go to


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any of the selected central or northern portions of the Territory.

The most expeditious route from San Francisco is by the Southern Pacific Railroad, by which route one can (by the first of July, 1877) enter Arizona at Yuma in less than three days, and at Ehrenburg by stage connection, as before stated, in the same time.

Several northern routes from Nevada and Eastern California centre and cross the Colorado River at Stone's Ferry, thence pursuing a southerly course for eighty miles to Mineral Park, and thence to Prescott and elsewhere as desirable. Many immigrants with stock come in on this route, which is very favorable during the winter.

Those desiring to go to Arizona from the southwestern States, from any point between St. Louis and New Orleans, will take any one of the many routes that pass through the Indian Territory and Texas; and if desiring to go to the northern part of the Territory, either to Prescott, the Chiquito Colorado Valley, or elsewhere, will make their way to Santa Fé, or Albuquerque, from which points good emigrant roads lead west to all points. If desiring to go to Tucson, or Southern Arizona, they will intersect the Southern Pacific Stage and Mail line at Mesilla, on the Rio Grande River, from which point by stage it is but 350 miles to Tucson. This is a good stage route, as well as an excellent one for immigrants, with teams and stock.


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Immigrants from north of St. Louis, including all the northwestern, northern, and eastern States, can obtain a good outfit at Kansas City, Topeka, and many other points to the west of those cities on the line of the Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fé Railroad, or on the line of the Kansas Pacific, or Denver and Rio Grande railroads, and from any point selected, find a good road with wood and water to Santa Fé and Albuquerque, and thence a good route via the Chiquito Colorado to Prescott, and all points in Northern Arizona.

Those going from Utah, or from the east, who go by railroad to Salt Lake City, can continue by railroad to Nephi, which is less than 500 miles from Prescott. This road is being pushed forward with vigor, and in a few years, at farthest, will reach Prescott, and thence, as supposed, be continued on to the Port of Guaymas, on the Gulf of California.

There is a certainty now, that in a few years at the farthest, Arizona will be traversed by railroads in all directions, her rich mines be fully developed, and a career of prosperity opened which has long been earnestly looked for by her citizens. With the completion of railroads, and the development of mines, all other industries will prosper. Her rich agricultural lands will be settled and tilled, her millions of acres of grazing lands will be covered by numerous flocks of sheep and herds of cattle; manufactories


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will be established, of mills and machinery of all kinds, of woolen goods, of sugar refineries, of hemp and cordage, and all other kinds needed; brisk and prosperous towns and cities will spring into existence, and in less than a decade of years, a prosperous, wide-awake, and energetic American population will have centered in her borders, and she will be knocking at the doors of Congress for admission into the Union, where she will become a bright star in the galaxy of free and independent States of the great American Union.

This picture is not overdrawn. Arizona has not only the possibilities, she has also the probabilities which point unerringly to an early fulfillment of all, and more than all, which has been said of her in these pages; and when in the coming time her history shall be written, what has herein been said will have been fulfilled.

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