GLOSSARY


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[page 170]

GLOSSARY

ADAPTIVE USE - Incorporation of a new function in an existing building.
BARRIO - One of the districts or wards into which a large town or city is divided; suburb; originally a political unit; generally considered a social unit.
BARRIO LIBRE, HISTORICO, ANTIGUO - Proposed historic district in Tucson, Arizona, bounded by Main Street, 14th Street, Stone Avenue and 18th Street.
CANALES - Drain pipe employed in Spanish and Mexican Architecture to relieve water that has collected on roofs; prevents water from running down the face of the building; prevents deterioration or staining of building materials.
CIRCULATION SYSTEM - Movement pattern of one or several interdependent functions developed for a building scheme in order to render it workable.
CONTEMPORARY BUILDING - Structures being designed and built in the character associated with a particular time; modern buildings.
CONTEXTUAL RESPONSE - Response that is sympathetic to an entire situation; relevant to environment.
CONTIGUOUS - Elements that join or meet in a common purpose; such as building forms or functions.
EASEMENT - Portion of personal property dedicated or granted to the city or public allowing access; historic easements for preservation purposes are possible.
HISTORIC DISTRICT - That area of a city deemed as historic to the city and, therefore, usually protected through restrictions so as to set off its uniqueness.
HUMAN SCALE - Building elements bearing a definite relationship to the human in dimension; a component that the human can associate with directly.
INFILL BUILDINGS - Buildings of an unobtrusive nature utilized by a designer with the intent of providing a sympathetic relationship with existing structures relative to scale, form and function.
PATIO - An interior courtyard or yard defined by the walls of the structure as in a townhouse.
PLAZA - City or village square; civic and commercial center.
PRESERVATION - An act of protecting a building or the effect created by a series of buildings from assured decay and destruction; synonomous with maintenance.
PRESIDIO - A city or village; an inhabited place.
RAMADA - An arbor; of light construction adjacent to a permanent structure; cf. toldo.
RECYCLING ARCHITECTURE - The act of finding a new function for a building that has become outworn or is in an uninhabitable condition.
REHABILITATION - Act of putting back in good functional condition.
RENOVATION - Act of making a building functionally and structurally sound by a process of updating.
RESTORATION - A complete unimpared total reinstatement of a former norm; generally a particular building style.
SAVINAS - Slender wooden twigs such as saguaro ribbing, or intermediate ceiling members placed between vigas, to which a mud roof is applied.
STABILIZATION - An action resulting in the permanence or firmness of a structure suffering from deterioration.
TOLDO - A ramada over the entrance of a structure providing shade and other protection from the elements.
URBAN RENEWAL - Generally associated with a governmental agency who's task is to revitalize or renovate areas of a city that have degenerated in their usefulness and health standards.
VILA - Coarse cotton cloth, manta, or muslin often hung below ceiling vigas and saguaro ribs in a house.
VIGAS - Hand hewn mesquite used to support the roof of early adobe structures.
ZAGUAN - A hall type room associated with Mexican and Spanish domestic architecture used as an informal gathering area off which rooms with specific functions branch.

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