7. GRAZING-LANDS.


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The grass found in Owen's River Valley is either that which grows in the bottom-lands or the scattered growth found in the foot-hills and mountains. The grass on bottom-lands that have been cultivated is of very fair quality, but generally is of an alkaline character, on account of the alkali matter in the soil. The bunch-grass in the mountains is admirably adapted to animals getting but little or no grain.


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On the route traveled by myself through Southern California but little grazing was met with until near Ivanpah and Cottonwood Springs. Here there are vast tracts covered with sand and bunch-grass; along the Muddy, particularly near West Point, there is a fine opportunity for an enterprising stock-raiser.

About Saint George there is but little grass, but at the head of the Grand Wash ample range for a large number of animals exists.

The Colorado plateau, particularly that portion over which my route extended, is covered with a fine growth of nutritious grasses, and in time, when the Indians are sufficiently subdued to permit of it, this whole country will afford as fine facilities for raising stock as any country I have ever visited on the Pacific slope. The supply of water is sufficient for vast herds, and not being scattered as in some localities, the stock could be easily managed.

The whole country along my route of travel, from Prescott to Camp Pinal, was through grassy uplands of vast extent. What grass is found upon the mesas bordering the Gila bottom is very excellent in quality and stock thrive well upon it. The great difficulty is that the stock is rarely driven from the lowlands in consequence of the danger apprehended from the sudden raids of Indians who watch the herds from the mountains and drive them off with little or no difficulty. Pursuit generally avails little, and the only satisfaction the owners usually have is that caused by finding the remains of an extensive feast that has been served up at their expense.

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