Contents. Volume VI (as in the original volume)


Up: Contents Previous: List of illustrations Next: CHAPTER I. CONDITIONS IN 1867 AND 1868.


[page v]

CHAPTER I. CONDITIONS IN 1867 AND 1868.
General James E. Rusling's Description of Arizona-Freight Rates-General Rusling's Party Joined by Governor and Mrs. McCormick-Abundance of Mesquite-The Gila Valley-Painted Rocks-Giant Saguaro-Maricopa Wells-Pima and Maricopa Indians-Montezuma-Tucson-San Xavier del Bac-Heavy Rains-Overflowing of the Gila River-Crossing the Gila and Salt Rivers-Dangers and Difficulties Experienced in Hassayampa River-Wickenburg-The Vulture Mine -- 1
CHAPTER II. CONDITIONS IN 1867 AND 1868 (Continued).
General Rusling's Description Continued-Skull Valley-Barrenness of Country-Ancient Ruins and Acequias-Possibilities of Gila and Salt River Valleys-Prescott-Indians-Thefts and Raids by Apaches-Point of Rocks-Fort Whipple-Williamson Valley-Hardyville-Mohave, Wallapai, Pah-Ute and Other Hostile Indian Tribes-Indian Department Blunders-Fort Mohave-W. H. Hardy-General Summing Up-Pete Kitchen's Description of Trip to Sonora -- 27
CHAPTER III. EARLY SETTLEMENTS.
Along the Gila River: Adamsville and Florence-Charles Adams, Founder of Adamsville-Name Changed to Sanford-William Dumont First Postmaster-Resentment Against Change-Bichard Bros. and Their Flouring Mills-Reputed That Levi Ruggles Built First House in Florence-Dispute of Authorities Over Same-Charles G. Mason, First Settler in Florence-Joseph Collingwood Opens First Store-Description of Ruggles' Residence-Irrigating Canals in and Around Florence-Pat Holland-Pioneers-First Catholic Church in Central Arizona-Florence Named by Governor


[page vi]

McCormick in Honor of His Wife-Discovery of Silver King Mine-Fight With, and Defeat of, Apaches-Primrose Hill, Known as "Poston's Folly"-Maricopa Wells-Pre-emption of by John B. Allen-Morgan's Ferry-Mrs. Clifford's Description of "Montezuma's Face"-Maricopa Charley's Ridiculous Purchases -- 45
CHAPTER IV. SETTLEMENT OF THE SALT RIVER VALLEY.
Description of Valley-Ancient Ruins and Canals-Advent of Swilling Party-Organization of Swilling Irrigating Canal Company-Taking Out of Canals and Placing Land Under Cultivation-Biography of "Darrell Duppa" Who Named Phoenix-Description of Duppa's Agua Fria Station-Killing of James Nelson by "Jim" Smith-John Larsen-Thomas J. L. Hoague-Frank Metzler-Jacob Densling-Tom McGoldrick-Other Early Settlers-Early Water Claims: "The Phoenix Ditch Company"-"Salt River Ditch Company"-"Prescott Ditch Company"-"Hayden Milling and Farming Ditch Company"-"Virginia Farming Ditch Company"-"Salt River Farming Ditch Company"-"Monterey Ditch Company"-Those Who Followed the Swilling Party-First Flouring Mills in the Salt River Valley -- 69
CHAPTER V. EARLY SETTLEMENTS-PHOENIX AND VICINITY.
Location of Phoenix Townsite-East Phoenix-First County Election-West Phoenix Chosen-Early Settlers-Sale of Town Lot's-Hayden's Ferry, Now Tempe-Charles Trumbull Hayden's Experience as First Probate Judge in Tucson-Winchester Miller-His Experiences With Indians and Renegades-History of Tempe-Early Settlers-James T. Priest-Niels Peterson-Naming of Phoenix and Tempe-Story by Maj. Ben. C. Truman-Estimate of Arable Land in Territory-Land Under Cultivation-Maize and Wheat Raised in 1867-Prices Paid by Government for Produce -- 99
CHAPTER VI. EARLY SETTLEMENTS-PHOENIX AND VICINITY (Continued).
Mill City or East Phoenix-Hellings' Mill-The Swilling Farm-Sixth Territorial Legislature Creates County of Maricopa-Officials Appointed by Governor Safford-First District Court of Maricopa County Held by Judge Tweed -- 119
CHAPTER VII. PROGRESS OF SALT RIVER VALLEY
Agricultural Area Increasing-First Harvesting Machinery Brought in by "Crete" Bryan and W. J. Mulholland-Many Varieties of Grain, Fruit and Vegetables Grown-Acreage Cultivated-Pima and Maricopa Indians Afford Protection to Farmers Against Apaches-Value of Products-Taxable Property-Cost of Clearing Land-Cost of Cultivation-Irrigating Canals in 1872-Acreage Under Irrigation-Summary of Irrigating Conditions in Salt River Valley -- 137
CHAPTER VIII. PHOENIX AND SALT RIVER VALLEY.
Phoenix Located and Sale of Town Lots-Salt River Valley Association Formed-Members of-Survey of Town of Phoenix-First Building in Phoenix Erected by Captain Hancock-Other Buildings-First County Court House-William Smith, First Merchant in Phoenix-Other Early Merchants-Rise and Decline of Bichard Bros.-Description of Phoenix in 1871-Business Conditions in Phoenix in 1872-Town Commission Formed -- 158
CHAPTER IX. EARLY HISTORY OF PHOENIX.
Stores-Hotels-Fourth of July Celebration-Thanksgiving Day-Biography of J. J. Gardiner-Builder of First Planing Mill, Also City Hall, Valley Bank Building, etc.-Saloons-Brewery-Matt Caveness, Biography-Barber Shop-Physicians and Drug Stores-Butcher Shop-Other Businesses-Anecdote of Wormser - Corrals - First Large Well in Phoenix-Biography of J. D. Monihon-The Goldman Brothers-H. Morgan & Co.,-Number of Saloons-Dance Houses-Gambling Places-The Goldwater Brothers-Grand Ball-Marriage of Charles H. Kenyon and Miss Moore-Dr. W. W. Jones, Joe and Mike Goldwater Attacked by Indians, Joe Goldwater Wounded-Joe Goldwater First Postmaster of Ehrenberg -- 186
CHAPTER X. EARLY HISTORY OF PHOENIX (Continued).
First Lawyers-First Chinese-First Bakery-First Restaurant-First Carriage Factory-First Sugar Cane Machinery-First Apiary-First Milkman-First Photographer-First Assayer-Newspaper Correspondents-Freighters-Bichard & Company's Flouring Mill-Destruction of by Fire-Hayden's


[page viii]

Mill at Tempe-John M. Olvany, First Postmaster of Phoenix-Other Postmasters-First American Couple Married in Phoenix-General Earl D. Thomas's Reminiscences of Phoenix-First White Child Born in Phoenix-Dispute Over Who Was-First American Death in Phoenix-First Building Brick and First Brick Building-Scarcity of Lumber-First Masonic Lodge in Territory-First Masonic Lodge in Phoenix-First Odd Fellows Lodge in Phoenix -- 213
CHAPTER XI. SALT RIVER VALLEY PROGRESS; CHURCHES AND SCHOOLS.
Flouring Mills-Crops-Maryville-Early Churches and Ministers-Rev. Alexander Groves-Rev. Franklin McKean-Description of Old Time Religious Services-Edward Irvine Describes Meeting With Pastor Groves-Question of Sunday Labor-Quarterly Conference of Methodist Episcopal Church South, at Phoenix-First Church Conference in Valley-First Catholic Padre-Rev. Charles H. Cook, Missionary to Pimas-Sixth Territorial Legislature Passes Law for Establishment of Public Schools-Public School Opened in Phoenix-Building of School House-Hayden's Ferry School-Christmas Tree for School Children-Miss Caroline G. Hancock, Pioneer Teacher, Biography of -- 228
CHAPTER XII. SALT RIVER VALLEY PROGRESS (Continued).
Narrative of Mrs. Mary A. Gray, First White Woman in Valley-Darrell Duppa-Thomas Thompson Hunter Brings in First Herd of Cattle-Reminiscences-Early Settlers-Descriptions of Pima and Maricopa Squaws Gathering Wood-Alfileria Flats-Caterpillars-Biography of Thomas Thompson Hunter-More Early Settlers-Later Visit-Notes Domestication of Indians-Early Marriages in Valley-Captain William A. Hancock, Biography-Hon. John T. Alsap, Biography-Simon Novinger, Biography -- 254
CHAPTER XIII. MORE SETTLEMENTS.
Immigration Impeded by Indian Troubles and Other Difficulties-C. E. Cooley, A. F. Banta and Henry W. Dodd Hunt Lost Mine-Biography of C. E. Cooley-Biography of Henry W. Dodd-Town of St. Johns Located-Biography of Sol Barth-Location in Round Valley by William B. Milligan-Starting of Springerville-Location and Naming of Show Low-First Location of Holbrook-Location on Silver Creek,


[page ix]

Now Snowflake-Biography of James Stinson-Biography of Daniel H. Ming-Interview With J. Lorenzo Hubbell-Fights with Outlaws and Rustlers-Reminiscences by Prof. E. C. Bunch-Growth of Cattle Industry-"Briefs"-Outlaws -- 274
CHAPTER XIV. MORE SETTLEMENTS (Continued).
Interview with James G. H. Colter-Settles in Round Valley-Locates at Nutrioso-Indian Troubles-Induces Henry Springer to Locate in Valley and Names Springerville After Him-Experiences as Deputy Sheriff-Fight With Jack Olney-Sells Out Nutrioso to Mormons-Fight With Geronimo and Victorio-Fred T. Colter in Fight -- 293
CHAPTER XV. SURVEYING LAND IN TERRITORY.
John Wasson Appointed Surveyor-General-Biography of-His Account of Conditions in Arizona in 1871-Surveys Made in Santa Cruz and Gila Valleys and in Vicinity of Prescott-Spanish and Mexican Land Claims-Mining-Expedition by Governor Safford-Timber, Agriculture and Grazing -- 308

Up: Contents Previous: List of illustrations Next: CHAPTER I. CONDITIONS IN 1867 AND 1868.




© Arizona Board of Regents