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“Miner” Editorial Describing Trip Through
Indian Country — Interviews Between
General Stoneman and Indians —
“Miner” Prints Petition to President
With List of Three Hundred and One
Persons Killed by Indians in Seven Years.
On the 15th of October, 1870, the “Miner”
had an editorial written by John Marion, which
“On a trip through Arizona the Indians had
not changed much since last we saw them in
1866, but we missed some familiar faces, and
as the members of the tribes could give no
straight accounts of their whereabouts, the conclusion
forced itself upon us that they had fallen
while raiding upon the whites. (This is from
Camp Thomas.) The supposition was that all
the Indians around the post were Coyotero
Apaches, and it is probably correct. We circulated
about the post considerably during the
evening of our first day there and gleaned some
facts regarding our red brother and the country,
the relation of which may prove interesting
to our readers. Our guide, who appeared
to be well posted, assured us that the Coyotero
band or tribe numbered nearly six thousand
souls, fifteen hundred of whom might be
classed as warriors, which we think is an over
estimate. They have four chiefs, the head one
being Seskalthesala, whose chieftainship came
down to him. His ancestors were Pedro Miguel
and Chiquita Capitania. He has but one eye but
manages to see clearer with that than do many of
his brother chiefs with their two eyes. In a word,
he is by far the shrewdest, most able Indian in
the tribe. The Coyoteros profess to be at peace
with the whites, but those who know them best
look upon such profession as a good joke.
Seskalthesala and his followers have, for years,
been friendly with us, not for any love they
have for us, but for motives of policy, and no
truer idea of the sentiments of the tribe can
be given than the fact that Seskalthesala, whom
they once reverenced and styled ‘Capitania
Grande,’ has sunk into insignificance and disrepute
among them. Yet we have some faith
in the peaceable professions of the remaining
chiefs, and believe that we can ally them to us
by treating them squarely and properly, which
is by keeping a respectable number of troops
in their country, assisting them to raise crops,
furnishing them with medicine, and seeing that
they stay at home and do not steal away on
expeditions. When all this is done the Coyoteros
may act honestly. Their country is a
delightful one, and it is said they are passionately
fond of it. Go where you will through
it and you will find plenty of game, grass, timber,
and water, with sufficient agricultural lands
to produce food for ten thousand people. They
know how to raise corn, wheat, and vegetables,
at least the women do, and of late years they
have had particular luck with their crops and
have raised enough corn and fodder to sell to
the posts. We know it to be the fixed opinion
of Arizonans that the Apache cannot be tamed,
as proper measures for doing so have never
been taken, but it may be that the opportunity
will soon be here. We hope so at all events,
and it is cheaper by far for the country to
further their civilization than it is to fight them,
which latter mode of dealing with them has, so
far, proven an expensive way of subduing them.
The Coyoteros speak the same language as
their friends the Pinalenos and Tontos, and
perhaps the Apache-Mohaves, which latter tribe
is now normally at peace with us. All being
Apaches, they visit one another, intermarry, and
get along together, so that it looks ridiculous
to be at peace with one clan and allow them
to become acquainted with our ways and means,
while fighting their friends and brothers. Although
the Coyoteros say the other clans are
anxious to make peace with us, the recent murders
and robberies committed by them do not
look much like it. All Apaches are on good
terms with the Zuni and Moqui Indians, and
a brisk trade is kept up among them. On the
contrary, the powerful Navaho tribe, once part
and parcel of the Apache nation, and still speaking
the same language, are deadly foes to the
Apaches, killing them whenever and wherever
they can and robbing them at every opportunity.
The Navahos are also the scourge of the Moquis
and Zunis, and, being brave Indians, all others
are afraid of them. But a little while ago a
party of these King Robbers killed a Coyotero
and stole his horse, and soon after cut down the
wheat which the poor Zunis were growing, and
packed it away with them. The Coyoteros,
male and female, are a hardy, good looking, intelligent
race of Indians. The women are noted
for their virtue and industry. The men spend
their time in gambling and lying around, when
not hunting or stealing. They manufacture
from buckskin very good monte cards, a pack
of which was secured by Dr. Wirts. They are
exceedingly suspicious, superstitious and religious,
consequently have great faith in and
reverence for their medicine men. If memory
serves us right, they deposit their dead in caverns
with all their personal effects. We would
be delighted to find out something about our
near and very dear neighbors, the Pinalenos and
Tontos, but only heard that the Pinalenos could,
perhaps, muster fifteen hundred warriors,
which, if true, is better for us, for they are a
villainous set of robbers and murderers.
“The next morning the sun shone brightly
upon the camp, and we awoke with the first tap
of the drum, ate a hearty breakfast, and started
down the river to look for a new site for a
post, that is, Colonel Stoneman, Major Cogswell,
Major Green, Captain Smith, and all the
doctors went for that purpose and we accompanied
them so as to be on hand to record any
incident that might occur, for there was a steep
canyon in front of the site whose depth had to
be determined, and in doing it some of the officers
might fall down and break their necks.
The new site gave entire satisfaction to all, and
Colonel Stoneman accepted it for the future
home of his braves. It is on a high mesa a hundred
feet above the level of the stream, and
cannot be other than a healthy location. An
Indian powwow was to take place this forenoon,
and when our party got back to camp, many
Indians were squatted under the trees near
Colonel Stoneman's tent, anxious to shake hands
with him and eager to talk in their smooth, wild
dialect. After the usual presentations were
made, Mr. Miguel took the floor and addressed
himself to Chairman Stoneman, saying in substance
that he was glad to see him; that God
made man different, the white man he made
rich and the red man he made poor, which was
all a mistake on Mr. Miguel's part, but he continued
in regard to where he had made peace
with Colonel Green, and had been a good man
“Seskalthesala spoke next. He commenced
by saying that he had much to say and was going
to say it, which remark made us feel uneasy
for we were anxious to get on the road and strike
on, but he continued and we were forced to listen
to the whole speech. The veins in his neck
swelled until they were as large as a man's
finger; his mouth opened, and he said he had
heard a good deal about Stoneman, and was
glad to see him. God had brought them together
to smoke in peace, (a gentle hint for some cigarettes
which were immediately furnished and
passed around), and what he had said or might
say would be written on stone and he thought
it would last. Of course this was merely a
figure of speech, for neither the old fellow nor
any of his tribe understood the art of writing
on stone or anything else. Then in token of
his love for the rations of beef that had been
given to him, he said that he was always glad
to get to eat meat; that snow would soon come
and his people needed clothing. Once they
were rich in horses, mules, asses, and cattle, and
could trade with the Zunis for everything they
needed, powder and lead included. Now they
were poor, the soldiers and the frosts having destroyed
their crops, and they did not even have
powder and lead to kill game with.
“Pedro, who appeared in a green suit of
manta, commenced in a begging strain. His
people wanted more rations, guns, powder, lead,
and clothing. He declaimed against the Navahos,
and ordered them kept on their reservations,
or, if they would not stay there, he would
fight them and steal from them. He wanted
a physician and an Indian Agent for his
and expressed a laudable desire to learn
about two Indians whom he once sent to
Tucson and who, it was rumored, had been massacred
near that place. He furthermore said
that one of Cochise's friends, named Cheis, had
visited Colonel Green, and was anxious to make
peace with the Americans, and that he believed
that Cheis meant what he said. He then spoke
about the Pinalenos, and said that all but one
chief were tired of war. Pedro then subsided,
and Miguel spoke in a new vein. He wanted
hoes, axes, and other tools for his people, so that
they could till the ground and make themselves
comfortable. This speech pleased Colonel Green
and General Stoneman better than all the rest.
General Stoneman inquired if they, the chiefs,
had said all they desired. Upon being answered
in the affirmative, General Stoneman then commenced
by promising to do all he could for the
Indians who had lived in peace with the whites.
God, he said, wanted all people to live in peace.
Away to the East were myriads of white men,
and the great Father of all Indians and Americans
would do right by all. This appeared to
please the reds, who grunted their approval.
General Stoneman then said that should the
Navahos continue to war upon them, he would
issue orders to the commanders of posts to send
their soldiers against the Navahos. He advised
them to abandon the foolish custom of burning
the clothing of those who died as it kept them
poor and naked. He said that he would keep
on giving them rations of meat, and perhaps
flour, providing they would live peaceably and
assist the troops in hunting and killing bad
Indians. He tried to impress them with the
idea of the great cost to the Government of
flour, beef, etc., and promised them corn, etc.,
and said he hoped that thereafter they would
raise grain and vegetables to feed themselves.
He further said that the business of the
soldiers was to kill bad Indians and protect
citizens, and if they did not behave themselves
and stop stealing from posts and settlements
that they would all get killed. In two months
he would be prepared to furnish them with medicines,
and would also write to Congress for an
Indian Agent for them.
“The Colonel's talk being ended, Miguel, with
fitting words and great tact, asked the General
what he intended doing with Barbrashae, an
old and bad Pinal chief, who was then in the
guardhouse in a wilted condition. After inquiring
about the case, the General asked Miguel
what he would like to see done with him. Miguel
would not say further than that the prisoner
was in the General's hands; that he had been
a bad Indian, but was then, and would thereafter
be, incapable of doing harm, for the very
good reason that he was in feeble health and
could not last long. Finally Miguel acknowledged
that he wished Barbrashae set at liberty
and he would go security for his good behavior
in the future if the General demanded it, but
that he first wished to give Barbrashae a piece
of his mind. In answer to this proposition
the General said, in substance, that he would
release Barbrashae, but that if he wanted to
keep on fighting he could do so and he would
get killed. This pleased the Indians and they
applauded with a vim. After a general handshaking,
the conference broke up. We bade
goodbye to our friends, and started for Camp
Goodwin, never stopping until we arrived
on the banks of that noble stream, the Agua
Prieta, or Salt River, which was late in the
afternoon. The distance traveled was eighteen
miles over a very rough country, containing
plenty of wood, water, and grass. During the
night Paymaster Monroe and the Honorable
Sylvester Mowry arrived and told us the news.”
Under date of October 14th, 1871, the
“Miner” prints a petition to the President, attached
to which was a list of three hundred and
one names of people killed by the Apaches since
1864, which number was probably not one-half,
but was at least ten percent of the adult American
population of Arizona at that time. This
petition and list follow:
“The undersigned citizens of the Territory
of Arizona, regarding the present anomalous
state of affairs concerning the Indian difficulties
in the Territory as being in the highest degree
unsatisfactory and perilous to our interests as
a community, respectfully represent:
“That we desire nothing more earnestly than
peace with the Apaches.
“That last spring, many disheartened by our
sufferings and losses from hostile Indians, were
preparing to abandon the Territory where we
have labored and waited for years, hoping for
the subjugation of the Apaches, when the assignment
of General George Crook to the command
of this Department gave us new hope,
and we determined to hold on a little longer,
and believed that the operations inaugurated by
the General were calculated to result in a speedy
settlement of our troubles, but, just as his plans
were being successfully put in force, we learn
that the matter is taken out of his hands and
turned over to the Peace Commissioners.
“That although we had no confidence in their
policy, being satisfied from past experiences that
no peace treaty, to which the Apache is an equal
party can be lasting, we were willing to give
all the assistance in our power to the Commissioners
to aid them in their plans, but since the
arrival of their agent here, we perceive with.
dismay that the most hostile tribes refuse to
treat with him, and have continued their murderous
and thieving raids as boldly and viciously
“That we are disappointed and discouraged
by the policy of the agent in proposing to continue
the practice of giving asylum and aid at
military posts indiscriminately to all Indians
choosing to seek it, as the past has proven that
the warriors can thus leave their families and
property in security while they make marauding
excursions over the country, and return with
their scalps and plunder to the protection of the
“That we are satisfied that the party having
authority to make peace treaties with our Indian
enemies should also have power to promptly
punish violations of such treaties.
“Therefore, we, your petitioners, do most
earnestly ask your Excellency to inform us
whether it is the design of the Government to
place the management of affairs pertaining to
Indians in Arizona, not now living on reservations,
in the hands of the Peace Commissioners,
or under the control of the Department Commander.
“And we do further most respectfully represent
that if the policy here inaugurated by the
agent of the Peace Commissioners is to be persisted
in, the deserted homes of our friends and
neighbors, and the graves of those slain by the
Apaches, which line every road and trail, and
fill every graveyard in Arizona, warn us that if
we remain here, we must expect a similar fate.
“One cause for this movement is that we of
Arizona, and the people of California in our
behalf, have exhausted, to no purpose, every
other means by which we hoped and believed
the protection of life and property in Arizona
might be secured, and, as a last resort, appeal
to the President in a manner direct.
“That the most prejudiced against the settlers
on the frontiers might be convinced that this
effort has not been wantonly put forth, and at
the same time to prove the terrible necessity
for some means, yet untried, by which we may
hope to obtain protection, we publish, in connection,
a list of such of the Indian murders
and robberies as have been recorded since
March, 1864. We will permit this cause to
speak for itself, to the American people, and
then, without apprehension, we will leave the
fair and disinterested of our fellow citizens to
draw their conclusions with regard to us. Here,
then, is the list:
“We will commence with Yavapai county,
where, on March 4th, 1864, the savages whom
we had partially clothed and fed, dug up the
hatchet, and without cause or provocation, commenced
a career of murder and robbery unparalleled
in the history of the west, by murdering
five Mexicans and three Americans: Upton,
Mellen, and a man whose name is unknown to
“March 16th, they attacked the ranch of Sheldon
& Forbes, near Prescott, and killed a Mr.
“June 1st, Belnap was murdered near Walnut
“June 6th, they waylaid and killed W. P.
Jones in the Big Bug District, and shockingly
mutilated his body.
“On the same day Samuel Harrison was slain
in Battle Flat.
“July 24th, poor Jack Beauchamp lost his life
while exploring the country east of Prescott.
The ‘friendly’ Coyoteros killed him.
“March 13th, three men, names unknown,
were killed near Camp Date Creek.
“March 15th, 1865, Charles Smith was killed
“March 20th, they killed a Mr. Somers near
the same place.
“April 10th, L. Cross was murdered at the
sink of the Hassayampa while herding a band of
animals; twenty-one animals were stolen, and
seventeen arrows shot into Cross' naked corpse.
“Mr. Alexander was killed some time in this
month about two miles west of Prescott.
“March 2nd, a soldier, name unknown, fell into
their hands near Prescott, and was butchered.
“In April, 1865, a Mexican teamster was killed
in Mohave County.
“May 2nd, a Mexican was killed near Lynx
“May 3rd, at Willow Springs, between Camp
Date Creek and Kirkland Valley, Richard Bell,
Cornelius Sage and Charles Cunningham fell
victims to the savages.
“May 26th, John Ryan, a soldier, was murdered
“June 2nd, Harry, alias ‘Hog’ Johnson, murdered
on Arrastra Creek, while on herd.
“July 22nd, they killed a soldier named John
Whitting, near Skull Valley.
“Some time in August Sheriff Calkins and
two soldiers were severely wounded, between
Lynx Creek and Fort Whipple.
“In 1865 or 1866 they murdered a son of
Pauline Weaver near Wickenburg.
“In 1865 or 1866 they attacked Pauline
Weaver and a man named Raymond, inflicting
upon Raymond a wound which finally caused his
“March 30th, 1866, Wallapais killed Edward
Clower at the Willows, on the Prescott and Mohave
“May 1st, John Broderick, a soldier, was shot
and killed on the Rio Verde, near Camp Verde.
“About the same date a body of an unknown
man was found on the trail to Walnut Grove,
corpse mutilated and filled with arrows.
“In September, 1866, Wm. Boone was killed
in Mohave County.
“November 8th, William Trahern, Leroy Jay
and L. M. Linton were murdered while going
from Woolsey's ranch to the Bully Bueno mill
“November 10th, G. W. Leihy, Superintendent
of Indian Affairs, and his clerk, a Mr. Evarts,
were most foully murdered while passing
through Bell's Canyon, by Indians whom Mr.
Leihy had treated with great kindness.
“In 1866 or 1867, Steinbrook was killed at or
near Walnut Grove.
“April 27th, E. A. Bentley died from the effects
of a wound received in a fight with Indians
at Weaver Hill, a short time previous.
“February 19th or 20th they killed, near Martinez's
ranch, on the Prescott and La Paz wagon
road, Jack Gould and two other men, whose
names are unknown to us.
“About this date two soldiers, named Harrington
and Duvall, of Co. B., 32nd Infantry, lost
their lives near Camp Verde.
“In March J. Taggart was murdered in Mohave
“In the same month D. T. McCall was murdered
in Mohave County.
“ June, 1867, William Taggart was murdered
in Mohave County.
“July 27th, near Walnut Grove, Harvey
Twaddle received a wound, from which he died
“August 1st, they killed a soldier on Big Bug
August 3rd, two soldiers were killed in Bell's
“August 7th, I. A. Wamsley was killed on the
Lower Agua Fria.
“September 10th, they killed W. M. Sexton
near Burnt Ranch.
“March 31st, 1868, Indians attacked a mail
party between the Willows and Cottonwoods on
the Prescott and Mohave road, killed two soldiers,
Corporal Troy and Private Glover, and
wounded the carrier, Charles Spencer.
“May 13th, Joe Green and John McWhorter
were attacked and killed between Camps McDowell
“May 18th, they killed John C. Baker, east
of the Rio Verde.
“May 29th, a man was killed between Prescott
and Skull Valley.
“June 16th, between McDowell and Reno,
four soldiers, Sergeant Lemon and Privates
Murphy, Merrill and Morrow, were killed.
“July 23rd, a soldier named Joachim was shot
dead near Williamson Valley.
“August 30th, the savages killed a man named
Oscar Kelly, between Wickenburg and the Vulture
Mill and Mine.
“August, John Altman was murdered in Mohave
“September 2nd, a Mexican, Juan Teps, was
murdered between Prescott and Lynx Creek.
“In September a man named R. C. Bean was
killed near the White Mountains.
“September 4th, Robert Smith was shot and
killed within sight of the Big Bug Mill.
“October 28th, they killed B. F. Thompson,
one and a half miles from Prescott.
“October 24th, J. J. Gibson received a wound,
from the effects of which he died November 7th,
“October 25th; they killed Josiah Whitcomb
near the Burnt Ranch.
“October 26th, they attacked a party near the
Cienega and wounded George Bowers mortally.
He died October 30th at Camp Verde.
“November 26th, they killed a soldier near
Wickenburg, and a day or two afterwards a man
named Robert Nix.
“November 8th, they made an attack on a
pack train in Big Bug District, and killed Jose
Rico, Secundia Lopez and Jose Molino.
“November 12th, Frank Pougeot fell into
their clutches near Wickenburg and was cruelly
“December 1st, John O'Donnell was killed
near Camp Willows, about sixty miles west from
“Some time in 1868 they attacked John Dickson
and Matt Welsh, who escaped.
“In 1869 they killed as follows:
“February 22nd or 23rd, William Burnett,
near Granite Wash on the Prescott and La Paz
“February 25th, John Howell, between Skull
Valley and Kirkland Valley.
“February 26th, David Osborn, near Prescott.
“April 18th, Milton S. Hadley, at Camp Toll
“May 29th, J. Sheldon, near Willow Grove.
“August 18th, Harrison Gray, at Walnut
“August 21st, a Mexican, name unknown.
“August, William Taylor, murdered in Mohave
“About the same time, near Beale Springs, a
man called ‘Doc’ was murdered.
“September 8th, four Mexicans, near the Vulture
“October 16th, Julius Pelet, at the old Mexican
camp, lower Lynx Creek.
“November 27th, George Melvin, near Williamson
“November 11th, they captured John Y. Shirley
near Lynx Creek, about twelve miles east
from Prescott, and burned him at the stake.
“November 27th, Thos. N. Berry was killed
“December 28th, an unknown Mexican was
killed between Camp McDowell and Phoenix.
“December 13th, Wesley Finnerty was murdered
at Kirkland Valley.
“February 10th, 1870, Indians stole four animals
from some placer mines on the Hassayampa,
about twelve miles from Prescott.
“February 21st, the reds visited Phoenix,
and got away With sixteen head of cattle.
“February 28th, a man named Jacob Smith
was killed on the Mohave road, seventeen miles
from Prescott, his body stripped, horribly mutilated
and filled with arrows.
“March 18th, they made a raid on the herd
belonging to the Big Bug Mill Company,
wounded the herder, and got away with ten
horses and mules.
“March 22nd, a party of three men prospecting
about eighty miles northeast from Prescott
were attacked, all seriously wounded and their
animals stolen. Ferdinand Wander was
wounded mortally and shot himself dead with
his own revolver to end his sufferings. The
other two reached the settlements two days later,
nearly dead from loss of blood and want of
“About the same date a party of prospectors
on Bradshaw Mountain, about forty miles southeast
from Prescott, had four pack mules stolen
by the Indians.
“April 1st, the rascals drove off a hundred
and thirty head of sheep and goats belonging to
H. Brooks, one mile from Prescott.
“April 7th, a Mexican was shot through the
arm while cutting wood, two miles above Prescott.
“The same day a large band of Indians made
a descent on a herd of mules belonging to Mr.
Ariola, Wickenburg, killed one Mexican herder,
badly wounded another, and got away with seventy-four
fine team mules.
“April 17th, the Indians murdered William
Pearson while he was plowing in Mint Valley,
fourteen miles from Prescott, and drove off his
“April 18th, P. Dorgan was shot and seriously
wounded while prospecting near Camp Date
“April 19th, a man named Greeley, a stationkeeper
on the road ten miles below Wickenburg,
was murdered near his house.
“April 23rd, a Mr. Seebright, who had charge
of a herd of three hundred and fifty sheep, near
Williamson Valley, was murdered and all the
“May 18th, Oliver Peterson was shot and
three animals stolen, at Walnut Grove. Mr.
Peterson died from his wounds about three
“June 3rd, the Indians made a raid on a herd
of sixty head of cattle between Fort Whipple
and Prescott, belonging to A. G. Dunn. The
herder was shot through the hand. Although
the Indians were closely pursued for twenty
miles, they got off with eleven head, and killed
six head on the trail.
“June 4th, Indians attacked the Government
herd at Camp Verde, killed the corporal in
charge of the herd, and drove away twelve animals.
“June 6th, Alfred Johnson and Mr. Watson
were murdered on the road between Skull Valley
and Camp Date Creek.
“June 13th, Indians Stole two horses and ten
burros from Burger & Lambertson, at Walnut
“July 24th, Messrs. Thomas, Elliott and Dawson,
coming to town with a load of barley, were
attacked by thirty Apaches and, after an hour's
fighting, were obliged to abandon their wagon
and load, which the Indians burned.
“August 10th, Apaches stole six head of cattle
from Joe Fye on Salt River.
“About the same date Indians stole nine
horses and mules from the Eureka Mill, at the
head of Lynx Creek, and drove off three animals
from the Davis Ranch on the Hassayampa, also
shot and slightly wounded S. Ball near the
“August 27th: during the week ending August
27th, the Apaches gobbled up fourteen head of
horses and mules in Williamson Valley, nine
near Camp Hualapai, two at Wickenburg, and
five at Deep Wash Station on the La Paz Road.
“September 14th, Indians stole nine head of
cattle from J. H. Lee, at American ranch, in
Round Valley, twelve miles from Prescott.
“October 6th, Wm. E. Dennison was murdered
by Indians at Davis' ranch on the Hassayampa,
eight miles from Prescott.
“November 13th, Wm. Farley and J. T. Bullock
were brutally murdered by Apaches near
the Big Bug quartz mill.
“November 15th, Thomas Rutledge was murdered
and mutilated by Indians within half a
mile of Prescott.
“March 1st, 1864, Gilbert W. Hopkins and
W. Wrightson were murdered near Fort Buchanan.
“Here follows a lapse of two years during
which no newspaper was published at Tucson,
and consequently no record of the Indian depredations
in Pima county for that term is extant.
It is probable that during this period eight
Americans were burned at the stake near Apache
Pass, and that murder and robbery became
‘wholesale’ on the Santa Cruz, Sonoita and San
“March 26th, 1866, Major Miller, U. S. A.,
and four soldiers were attacked and murdered
at Round Valley, on the road from the Pima
Villages to Camp Grant.
“June 7th, 1867, three Mexicans were murdered
between Camp Grant and Tucson.
“June 4th, a white man, name unknown, was
murdered on the ranch of Jesus M. Elias, near
Camp Grant, and on the same day, another man
was murdered on the ranch of Tomlinson & Co.,
on the San Pedro.
“March 23rd, 1868, Johnson and Daniels were
murdered near Picacho.
“May 6th, a Mexican, three miles from Tucson.
“May 26th, four men, Brownley, ‘Tennessee,’
Knowles and King, between Tucson and the
“July 13th, near the Cienega, Soto and Barba
“July 15th, near San Xavier, a friendly Indian
was slain and a woman carried off into
“July 16th, Alonzo M. Erwin murdered at
“July 23rd, near Camp Crittenden, two men
were murdered and a man named Carroll captured
and carried off.
“July 24th, a Mexican named Cozozo was
murdered near Camp Grant.
“August 27th, James Pennington, near San
“November 10th, a Mr. Ballon near Apache
“November 13th, a Mexican near the same
“February 26th, 1869, they murdered two
men, Price and Davis, near Camp Grant.
“March 19th, two Mexicans were murdered
“March 23rd, a white man was murdered near
“April 13, seven Mexicans murdered near
“April 14th, near same place, two soldiers
“May 11th, between Tucson and Camp Grant
three men murdered.
“March 28th, a man killed at San Pedro.
“June 10th, the savages murdered Mr. Pennington
and son, of Sonoita.
“June 19th, Jose Jaramillo was murdered at
“June 26th, at the same place, two men lost
“July 3rd, on the San Pedro, three men,
Johnson, McMurray and O'Donnell, fell victims
to the savages.
“July 15th, a Mexican at Palo Parado ranch.
“August 25th, man murdered at Soldiers'
“October 6th, seven men, four soldiers and
three citizens, were murdered near Apache
Pass. Among them were Colonel Stone, President
of the Apache Pass Mining Company, and
a Mr. Kaler. The names of the other victims
“October 13th, two Mexicans murdered near
“November 26th, Benjamin Aiken and a Mexican
were murdered on the Sonoita.
“November 30th, Richard Halstead was murdered
“December 14th, they murdered the mail carrier
between Florence and McDowell.
“About the same date they murdered three
men near the Cienega.
“September 7th, 1869, Indians made a descent
upon a ranch at the Rillito, and captured thirty-five
head of beef cattle, the property of Don
“September 9th, two Texans, named Benton
and Foster, returning to their native State, were
murdered by Indians at San Pedro.
October 13th, a band of Indians captured a
herd of ninety at the Rillito, and killed
one Mexican and four horses.
“October 21st, a Mexican named Pesquiera
was fired at by Indians near Nine Mile Station,
and his horse shot dead under him.
“November 27th, Indians captured Government
herd at Camp Bowie.
“November 27th, Indians stole two horses
from the station of J. Miller at the Cienega.
“November 28th, Indians visit Camp Crittenden
at night, kill a cow at a distance of two hundred
yards from the post, and carry off a tent.
“About the same date they attacked the premises
of Mr. Barnes at Camp Wallen, carried off
his effects and then burned his store and storehouse.
“December 1st, Indians steal thirty-two head
of mules from the ranch of Mr. Allen, bordering
on Tucson, in view of Camp Lowell.
“December 4th, the bodies of three Americans,
recently murdered, were discovered near
“December 10th, the mail rider on the route
between Florence and Camp McDowell, was
murdered and the mail captured. Indians endeavored
to fire a ranch at Camp Grant and
stole a Government mule.
“January 8th, 1870, Samuel Brown and J.
Simms were murdered by Indians at the San
Pedro settlement and their team captured.
“January 17th, Indians invaded the premises
of Clint Thompson, at Sacaton, and captured
forty-five head of cattle.
“January 18th, thirty-eight head of cattle captured
by Indians near San Xavier.
“January 20th, they attacked the Sonora mail
stage near Sasabi Flat. E. Aguerra, his clerk,
and two passengers were murdered.
“January 31st, Indians made a descent upon
the ranch of Mr. Morgan near Camp Crittenden,
and drove off three mules belonging to W. J.
“February 2nd, Solomon Warner and Dr.
Wakefield were attacked by Indians near Camp
Crittenden, the former wounded, and the latter
“February 3rd, Indians attacked a train near
the Point of Mountain, drove off the escort,
killed two men, wounded one, drove off twelve
mules, and carried off a considerable amount of
“February 8th, Diego Campio was murdered
by Indians in the neighborhood of Florence, and
teams and other property captured.
“February 22nd, Indians stole six fine blooded
cows from the ranch of Mr. Allen near Tucson.
“February 26th, Indians visited the premises
of Colonel Ruggles, near Florence, and stole two
horses from the corral.
“March 1st, Indians made a raid upon the
ranches of Brown and Gardner, near Camp Crittenden,
and captured all the stock belonging to
“March 7th, the Paymaster's clerk, en route
from Camp Reno to Camp McDowell, with an escort
of thirteen soldiers, was wounded, and one
of the escort killed.
“April 6th, a Mexican named Siez was murdered
at Rillito; his horse and the horse of his
“April 7th, a herd of two hundred cattle, the
property of Juan Gregalba, stolen from a field in
the vicinity of Tucson.
“April 10th, A. J. Jackson murdered by Indians
at San Pedro.
“April 11th, a Mexican named Soto was murdered
and scalped in the neighborhood of Camp
“April 18th, indians visited Camp Grant and
stole three horses from Captain Hinds' wagon,
and four mules, the property of C. Conwell.
“April 17th, Indians visited the ranch of J.
Miller at the Cienega, and killed one of the soldiers
“April 21st, a party of Mexicans coming from
Sonora were attacked by Indians at the Potrero,
and six men killed.
“June 6, two hundred Indians attacked the
wagons of Messrs. Kennedy & Israel, near Canyon
del Oro, murdered both men, captured the
teams and goods, and burned the wagons.
“June 8th, Indians made a raid upon the
ranch of Mr. Gardner, on the Sonoita, murdered
David Holland, captured a Mexican boy, and ran
off a herd of cattle.
“June 15th, Indians take twenty-eight head of
cattle from San Xavier, the property of Mr.
“June 25th, Indians attacked a prospecting
party near Cottonwood Springs, on the road
from Florence to Camp Grant, wounded Messrs.
Myers, Johns and Curtis, and captured the
wagon and its effects valued at about two thousand
“July 1st, Indians attacked the train of Mr.
Yerkes near the San Pedro and killed one mule.
“July 10th, Mr. Yerkes' train again attacked,
at Oak Grove, fifty odd miles from Camp Goodwin,
and one animal captured.
“On the same day Messrs. Smith and Ynigo
were murdered on the ranch of Peter Kitchen,
fifteen miles from Tubac.
“July 14th, Indians visited Point of Mountain
Station, eighteen miles west of Tucson, and captured
“July 17th, Indians attacked the ranch of J. C.
Blanchard, near Tubac, carried off all his effects,
and fired the buildings.
“August 7th, Thomas Venable, Peter Riggs,
and a Mexican killed by Indians at Davis
Springs, eighteen miles from Camp Crittenden.
Wagons and goods to the value of over six thousand
dollars burned, and the stock driven off.
“August 8th, the mail rider and two other men,
Scott and Young, were murdered at the Cienega,
twenty-five miles eastward from Tucson. The
station, with much property, was destroyed.
“August 13th, Indians attacked station at
Point of Mountain and seriously wounded Mr.
Blowe in the left shoulder.
“August 18th, mail stage attacked by Indians
halfway between the Cienega, and the San
Pedro; murdered Wm. Burns, driver, John Collins,
stage superintendent, and two soldiers of
Co. D, 21st Infantry.
“December 28th, they attacked a freight train
between Tucson and Camp Goodwin, killed Martin
Rivera, wounded two others and captured
thirty head of oxen.
“The same day a party of Sonoranians were
attacked near Tubac and two were killed.
“September 23rd, 1868, John Killian was waylaid
and murdered within one mile of Hardyville.
“October 1st, in Sacramento District, four
men, Messrs. Woodworth, Benjamin, Judson,
and Baker, met their death at the hands of savages; Sam
Knodle wounded, lost the use of his
“June 24th, 1867, the savages killed a mail carrier,
name unknown, near Beale Springs.
“August 20th, James H. Stimpson, Frank
Messeur, and Edward Yonker lost their lives
while visiting mines in Sacramento District.
“January 5th, 1871, Indians made a night attack
upon. Lieut. Cradlebaugh's command, consisting
of the Lieutenant himself, citizens Peck
and McCrackin, Surgeon Steigers, and twenty
enlisted men, which resulted in the wounding of
Dr. Steigers and private Meyers, the killing of
twenty-three government horses, and the capture
of three. This happened about forty miles east
“January 11th, a Mexican train was attacked
near the Agua Fria Station on the road from
Phoenix to Wickenburg; one Mexican was killed
and three were wounded. The savages took a
horse and thirty-two head of cattle after having
destroyed the contents of the wagons.
“About this date the savages made a raid upon
the Gila, and stole eighteen head of mules.
“January 14th, Apaches stole thirty or forty
mules from the vicinity of Arizona City.
“About the same date they got off with seven
head of cattle and twelve horses from Culling's
Station on the Prescott and La Paz road.
“On the 19th, near Camp McDowell, they attacked
a train belonging to W. B. Hellings & Co.,
killed George King, wounded P. Fenton, and another
man. They then burned the wagons and
their contents and put off towards the mountains
with Mr. Helling's animals, twenty-five mules.
“February 8th, Indians fired on some citizens
near Camp Verde.
“About the same date Indians stole four
horses from Phoenix.
“Also at Willow Grove, a party of Wallapai
Indians shot a man and ran off with several head
“February 11th, a party of fifty savages was
discovered when about to attack Beach's train,
near Prescott, and being charged by the whites,
“Soon after this they visited the ranch
formerly owned by Littig on Lower Granite
Creek, about twelve miles from Prescott, and
opened fire upon two men who were at work for
A. C. Williamson. The men held their ground
for awhile and then fled.
“About the same date a party of them paid
their respects to the settlement on the Rio Verde,
five miles below Camp Verde, and robbed a poor
woman, Mrs. Ralston, of a lot of clothing and
other property. Previous to this they tried to
get some animals out of the corral, but did not
“They next attempted to capture the stage between
Phoenix and Wickenburg.
“January 23rd, the savages made a raid on the
ranches near Tumacacori, wounded a Portuguese
named ‘Joe,’ and drove off four horses.
“January 31st, near Sacaton, a party of
Apaches attacked three men who were at work
for D. C. Thompson, cutting hay, and at the first
fire wounded a man whose name we do not know.
The Indians were followed, but eluded their pursuers,
one of whom, A. Gonzales, strayed from
his comrades and on returning in the night was
taken for an Apache, shot and wounded by Frank
“On the night of January 29th, they attempted
to steal some horses from the San Pedro, were
discovered, when one Indian was killed and another
“About the same time they attacked a party
of three men and one woman on the road near
Camp Bowie, and robbed them of their stock.
“February 1st, they tried to steal stock near
Tucson, but were unsuccessful. They tried
again on the morning of the 4th with better success,
for we learn that they drove off 110 animals
from Adam Linn's ranch.
“February 15th, Indians attacked Lieutenant
Riley and ten men while guarding a government
herd, near Infantry Camp in the Pinal Mountains,
killed one soldier, wounded two others, and
captured about seventy head of mules and a number
“About the same date they pounced upon a
herd of beef cattle near Camp Thomas, now
Camp Apache, and drove them off and subsequently
they attempted to capture some stock
near Camp Verde.
“March 2nd, a white man, while at work near
Phoenix, was chased into his house by Apache-Mohaves.
“About the same time, near the same place,
several Pima and Maricopa Indians killed about
twelve head of cattle belonging to Messrs. Holcomb
“March 7th, a band of Indians captured and
destroyed the U. S. Mail near Gila Bend,
wounded the driver and drove off the mules.
“March 10th, Mr. Ainza's train, en route to
Infantry Camp, with Government supplies, was
attacked by a large band of Indians, and two
teamsters were killed and one wounded.
“On the same day Indians attacked the train
of Manuel Ynigo between Camps Grant and
Pinal—killed one soldier, one Mexican, and captured
“March 11th, an Indian walked into the store
of the post trader at Camp Apache, and stuck
his lance through the body of Mr. Redmond, killing
“On the 14th, Hinds & Hooker's herds, at Infantry
Camp was attacked; two herders were
killed and their arms captured by the savage
assailants. Later in the day the sentinels at the
post were fired upon.
“March 18th, a band of Indians made a descent
upon the ranch of Mr. Hughes at Camp Crittenden,
killed Mr. Cook; captured his team, and
sacked the building and premises.
“The same day a party of savages attacked a
ranch within sight of Camp Crittenden, murdered
two men, robbed and burned several
houses, stole two horses and other property.
“March 21st, Indians in strong force descended
to the valley of Tubac, killed L. B. Wooster
and Miss Trinidad Aguirre, and destroyed
property to the value of fifteen hundred dollars.
“March 24th, Indians carried off ten head of
cattle from a ranch five miles west of Tucson.
“On the 26th Hanna's freight train was attacked
near Agua Fria Station by about a hundred
and fifty Indians, Apache-Mohaves, who
killed Mr. Hanna and one other man; burned the
wagons and their contents, and took twenty-two
“April 1st, near Camp Date Creek; a large
party of Indians attacked a train of five wagons,
four belonging to Dr. W. W. Jones, and one to
Henry Lachman. The savages killed Mr. Lachman,
wounded another man, plundered the
wagons, and drove off the animals.
“April 2nd, near Peeples' Valley, a party of
savages killed a man named Wykoff, wounded
John Burger, got three animals, two guns; and
“April 9th, Indians captured the herd of Juan
Elias, near San Xavier on the Santa Cruz.
“April 12th, a band of Indians from the Camp
Grant Reservation swept over the San Pedro
Valley, killing Mr. Long, Mr. McKenzie, and Mr.
Chapin, and wounded a Mexican.
“April 5th, Lieutenant Howard B. Cushing,
W. H. Simpson, and a soldier named Green;
killed by Indians in the Whetstone Mountains.
“April 14th, Indians captured twenty head of
stock from a herd belonging to Hinds & Hooker
near Cababi. The U. S. mail wagon was captured
twelve miles east of San Pedro, the driver,
Mark Revlin, killed, and the animals captured.
“May 1st, Indians captured forty head of oxen
from a train near Camp Verde.
“May 8th, Indians captured eighty-seven head
of animals from a train on its way from Camp
Verde to New Mexico.
“May 15th, the reservation Indians stampeded
from Camp Apache, drove off the government
herd, and captured the military mail.
“June 3rd, Indians stole four head of horses
from a ranchman on the Upper Verde.
“June 5th, Indians killed Mr. Gantt, at Agua
Fria, and captured the herd of Bowers Brothers,
numbering one hundred and sixty animals.
“June 7th, a large force of Indians devastated
the Upper Santa Cruz Valley, killed four men
and wounded two. Among the killed were two
Americans named Saunders and Blanchard; the
balance killed and wounded were Mexicans.
“June l6th, Indians stole four horses from Mr.
Lambertson at Walnut Grove.
“June 23rd, Indians murdered Mr. Cooper
near the Vulture Mine.
“July 7th, Indians killed a mail rider and captured
a mail wagon near the Apache Pass.
“July 9th, Indians fired into a party of miners
between Prescott and Bradshaw, and wounded
one man named Leonard.
“July 10th, Indians stole five mules from a settler
“July 11th or 12th, a company of infantry,
under Captain Smith, was attacked by a band of
Cochise's Indians between the Cienega and Rio
San Pedro; one private, W. H. Harris, was
killed, and three wounded.
“July 22nd, Indians drove off a herd of cattle
from the upper Santa Cruz, finishing a series of
continual raids in the course of which two hundred
head of horses and cattle had been captured
from the valley.
“July 20th, Indians captured the Government
herd at Camp Bowie, killed the herder, one McDougall,
and wounded a soldier named Foley.
“July 24th, Abraham Henning murdered by Indians
near Camp Hualapai.
“July 25th, two men fired upon by Indians a
few miles north of Prescott, and one slightly
wounded. Two horses killed at the mining camp
on the Hassayampa. Two mules stolen by Indians
from the premises of C. Y. Shelton at Lynx
“July 26th, a band of Indians visited Walnut
Grove and stole, eleven head of stock from the
corral of Wm. Simmons.
“August 3rd, Indians, a second time, captured
the herd of Bowers Brothers at Agua Fria.
“On the same day Indians made an attack
upon Messrs. Rogers and Smith, near Camp Date
“August 5th, Messrs. Harrington and Whisler
murdered and a Mexican wounded near Camp
Verde, the animals and arms of the murdered
men secured by the savages.
“August 6th, Indians captured fourteen head
of horses and mules, the property of Wales Arnold,
near Camp Verde.
“August 7th, Joseph Burroughs murdered by
Indians near Camp Verde. Mail stage fired into
while en route to Wickenburg from Prescott.
“August 14th, Indians stole thirty head of
stock from a ranch near San Xavier on the Santa
“August 22nd, Indians drove off three horses
belonging to Mr. Lambertson, from his farm at
“August 25th, six mules stolen by Indians
from Captain Kaufman's escort, between Camp
Verde and the Little Colorado.
“September 1st, eight head of horses, the property
of a party of miners, stolen by Indians from
“September 5th, Gabriel, a Mexican herder in
the employ of Mr. Campbell, murdered by Indians
at Chino Valley.
“September 6th, Indians visited Camp McDowell,
killed some stock, and carried off tents
“September 4th, Indians Captured seventy-five
head of Government animals from Camp Crittenden.
“September 10th, Indians fired into a detachment
of Pinal prospectors, killed one man and
“September 13th, a mail rider and a stock
herder murdered by Indians two miles from Tucson,
the mail captured and destroyed, and the
mule of the mail rider taken by the Indians to the
Camp Grant Reservation.
“September 22nd, Indians visited the settlement
at Agua Fria, and burned a house belonging
to Daniel Hatz.
“September 23rd, a party of Indians captured
a herd of twenty cattle from a ranch two miles
south of Tucson. They were followed by a party
of citizens, and so closely pursued that they abandoned
the plunder and took refuge on the Camp
“Some three weeks ago an American and a
German left Prescott to hunt for game, and not
having been heard from since, the supposition is
that they have been murdered.
“Then, within the past few weeks, and while
the Indians had full knowledge of the presence
in their midst of a ‘Peace Commission,’ they
broke into and robbed a house at Skull Valley;
stole a horse from T. W. Boggs of lower Agua
Fria, over a ton of corn from John Townsend of
the same place, and hundreds of bushels of corn
from farmers of other localities, shot at the mail
carrier near Wickenburg, and fired upon some
men at Kirkland Valley:”
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