A Table of Approximate Population of Each Pueblo in 1910


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With the English pronunciation of its name and its nearest railroad station.

Arizona Pueblos
POPULATION NEAREST RAILROAD STATION
FIRST MESA
Walpi (Wol'pee) 250 { Winslow, Ariz., 80 miles.
Sichum'ovi 100 { Holbrook, Ariz., 90 miles.
Tewa (Tā'-wah) or Han'o 150 { Gallup, N. M., 120 miles.
SECOND MESA
Mishong'novi 250 { Winslow, Ariz., 90 miles.
Shipaul'ovi 125 { or }
Shimo'povi 225 { Cañon Diablo 90 miles.
THIRD MESA
Oraibi (Orī'bee) (summer pueblo Moenkop'i) 500 { Winslow, Ariz., or Cañon Diablo } 75 miles.
Hotavi'la 400 { Winslow, Ariz., 80 miles.
Bacabi (Bah'-ca-bee) 100 { Cañon Diablo 80 miles.
Total population of Arizona pueblos, approximately 2100


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J. L. Hubbell, of Ganado and Keam's Cañon, Arizona, gives the following list of principal Hopi ceremonies and dances—the exact days of the month are not fixed:

November, New Fire Ceremony; December, War Dance; January, Buffalo Dance; February, Bean Planting; March, "Mystery Play"; May, Katcina Dances; July, Departure of Katcinas; August, Snake, Antelope, and Flute Dances; September, Basket Dance; October, Basket and Hand-Tablet Dances.

New Mexico Pueblos


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POPULATION PRINCIPAL PUBLIC FIESTA NEAREST RAILROAD STATION.
Acoma (Ah'coma) (inclusive of its summer pueblo, Acomi'ta) 800 Sept. 2 Laguna, (McCarty's for Acomi'ta) 15 miles.
Cochiti (Cochitee') 300 July 14 Domingo, 10 miles.
Isleta (Iss-lett'-a) 1000 { Aug. 28 Isleta,
{ Sept. 4
Jemez (Hā-mess) 500 Nov. 12 Bernalillo, 25 miles.
Lagu'na (including six farming villages) 1500 Sept. 19 Laguna.
Nambe (Nam-bā') 100 Oct. 4 { (Española, 12 miles.
{ (Santa Fé, 15 miles.
POPULATION PRINCIPAL PUBLIC FIESTA NEAREST RAILROAD STATION.
Picuris (Pic-oo-rees') 100 Aug. 10 Embudo, 20 miles.
Sandia (Sandee'-a) 75 June 12 Alameda, 1 mile.
Santa Ana (Santan'a) 200 July 26 Bernalillo, 12 miles.
Santa Clara 250 Aug. 12 Española, 2 miles.
Santo Domingo 700 Aug. 4 Domingo, 2 miles.
San Felipe (Fe-lee'-pā) 500 May 1 Algodones, 3 miles.
Bernalillo, 10 miles.
San Ildefon'so 200 Jan. 23 Sept. 6 Española, 8 miles.
San Juan (Hwahn) 500 June 24 Chamita, 1 mile.
Española, 6 miles.
Sia (See'-a) 100 Aug. 15 Bernalillo, 18 miles.
Taos (Towss) 500 Sept. 30 Servilleta, or Barranca, 30 miles.
Tesuque (Te-soo'-kā) 150 Nov. 12 Santa Fé, 9 miles.
Zuñi (Soo'-nyee, Span.-Amer.; Zoo'-nee, Amer.) (Inclusive of its summer pueblos) 1650 About Nov. 30 (different each year) Gallup, 40 miles.
Total population of New Mexico pueblos, approximately 9200

The hire of a double team and driver in the Pueblo country is from $5 to $8 a day, including


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keep, and of a saddle pony with saddle $1.00 per day, exclusive of keep.

For an extended trip a good way is to contract with a reliable man who knows Spanish and who can cook, to supply team, covered waggon, and services at a fixed rate per week or per month (a basis of $90 to $100 per month would be fair), the traveller to pay additionally for the animals' feed and the provisions for himself and the man. This plan permits stopping where one pleases, with entire independence of local accommodations, which are sometimes exceedingly primitive in the Pueblo land.

If one prefers horseback for a trip covering some weeks and knows enough about horseflesh to take the risk, it is economy to purchase a pony and saddle outright. The pony would cost from $15.00 to $50.00, according to age, size, condition, etc.; a saddle and bridle from $20.00 to $75.00. If bought with discretion and used not too hard, such an outfit could be resold at the end of the trip at little or no loss. After July 15th and until the beginning of winter, the cost of keep for the pony would not exceed twenty-five or fifty cents a day for grain feed, which should be given every


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day the animal is being ridden; for, though wild forage then is sufficient to take the place of hay, so much time would be consumed grazing at night where growth is sparse that, if not grain-fed, the pony would not get proper rest. Scotch rolled oats is found by many riders a satisfactory feed to provide. If one travels in company, a pack animal for the baggage must be calculated upon.

In hiring horses or teams in a country where it is sometimes a day's travel between water-holes, and where every man must be his own repairer of breaches, it is well to remember the old adage that "the best is the cheapest." Nowhere does it pay better to pay for responsibility in those with whom you deal.


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