CONTENTS (As in the Book)


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[page xiii]

INTRODUCTION, — v

ITINERARY OF THE CORONADO EXPEDITIONS, 1527-1547, — xxi

TRANSLATION OF THE NARRATIVE OF CASTAEñDA. ACCOUNT OF THE EXPEDITION TO CIBOLA WHICH TOOK PLACE IN THE YEAR 1540, IN WHICH ALL THOSE SETTLEMENTS, THEIR CEREMONIES AND CUSTOMES, ARE DESCRIBED. WRITTEN BY PEDRO DE CASTAñEDA, OF NAJERA, — xxvii

PREFACE, — xxix

FIRST PART

Chapter I. Treats of the way we first came to know about the Seven Cities, and of how Nuño de Guzman made an expedition to discover them, — 1

Chapter II. Of how Francisco Vazquez Coronado came to be governor, and the second account which Cabeza de Vaca gave, — 4

Chapter III. Of how they killed the negro Stephen at Cibola, and Friar Marcos returned in flight, — 6

Chapter IV. Of how the noble Don Antonio de Mendoza made an expedition to discover Cibola, — 8

Chapter V. Concerning the captains who went to Cibola, — 11

Chapter VI. Of how all the companies collected in Compostela and set off on the journey in good order, — 13

Chapter VII. Of how the army reached Chiametla, and the killing of the army-master, and the other things that happened up to the arrival at Culiacan, — 16

Chapter VIII. Of how the army entered the town of Culiacan and the reception it received, and other things which happened before the departure, — 18

Chapter IX. Of how the army started from Culiacan and the arrival of the general at Cibola and of the army at Señora and ofother things that happened, — 21

Chapter X.—Of how the army started from the town of Señora, leaving it inhabited, and how it reached Cibola, and of what happened to Captain Melchior Diaz on his expedition in search of the ships and how he discovered the Tison (Firebrand) river, — 26

Chapter XI. How Don Pedro de Tovar discovered Tusayan or Tutahaco and Don Garcia Lopez de Cardenas saw the Firebrand river and the other things that had happened, — 32

Chapter XII. Of how people came from Cicuye to Cibola to see the Christians, and how Hernando de Alvarado went to see the cows, — 37

Chapter XIII. Of how the general went toward Tutahaco with a few men and left the army with Don Tristan, who took it to Tiguex, — 42

Chapter XIV. Of how the army went from Cibola to Tiguex and what happened tothem on the way, on account of the snow, — 44

Chapter XV. Of why Tiguex revolted, and how they were punished, without being to blame for it, — 47

Chapter XVI. Of how they besieged Tiguex and took it and of what happened during the siege, — 52

Chapter XVII. Of how messengers reached the army from the valley of Señra and how Captain Melchior Diaz died on the expedition to the Firebrand river, — 58

Chapter XVlII. Of how the general managed to leave the country in peace so as to go in search of Quivira, where the Turk said there was the most wealth, — 61

Chapter XIX. Of how they started in search of Quivira and of what happened on the way, — 64

Chapter XX. Of how great stones fell in the camp, and how they discovered another ravine, where the army was divided into two parts, — 69

Chapter XXI. Of how the army returned to Tiguex and the general reached Quivira, — 73

Chapter XXlI. Of how the general returned from Quivira and of other expeditions toward the North, — 77

SECOND PART

WHICH TREATS OF THE HIGH VILLAGES AND PROVINCES AND OF THEIR HABITS AND CUSTOMS, AS COLLECTED BY PEDRO DE CASSTAñEDA, NATIVE OF THE CITY OF NAJARA, — 82

Chapter I. Of the province of Culiacan and of its habits and customs, — 84

Chapter II. Of the province of Petlatlan and all the inhabited country as far as Chichilticalli, — 87

Chapter III. Of Chichilticalli and the desert, customs and habits, and of other things, — 90

Chapter IV. Of how they live at Tiguex, and of the province of Tiguex and its neighborhood, — 96

Chapter V. Of Cicuye and the villages in its neighborhood, and of how some people came to conquer this country, — 102

Chapter VI. Which gives the number of villages which were seen in the country of the terraced houses, and their population, — 106

Chapter VII. Which treats of the plains that were crossed, of the cows, and of the people who inhabit them, 109 Chapter VIII. Of Quivira, of where it is and some information about it, — 113

THIRD PART

WHICH DESCRIBES WHAT HAPPENED TO FRANCISCO VAZQUEZ CORONADO DURING THE WINTER, AND How HE GAVE UP THE EXPEDITION AND RETURNED TO NEW SPAIN, — 117

Chapter I. Of how Don Pedro de Tovar came from Señora with some men, and Don Garcia Lopez de Cardenas started back to New Spain, — 117

Chapter II. Of the general's fall, and of how the return to New Spain was ordered, — 119

Chapter III. Of the rebellion at Suya and the reasons the settlers gave for it, — 122

Chapter IV. Of how Friar Juan de Padilla and Friar Luis remained in the country and the army prepared to return to Mexico, — 125

Chapter V. Of how the army left the settlements and marched to Culiacan, and of what happened on the way, — 129

Chapter VI. Of how the general started from Culiacan to give the viceroy an account of the army with which he had been intrusted, — 132

Chapter VII. Of the adventures of Captain Juan Gallego while he was bringing reenforcements through the revolted country, — 135

Chapter VIII. Which describes some remarkable things that were seen on the plains, with a description of the bulls, — 139

Chapter IX. Which treats of the direction which the army took and of how another more direct way might be found, if anyone was to return to that country, — 143

TRANSLATION OF THE LETTER FROM MENDOZA TO THE KING, APRIL 17, 1540, 149

TRANSLATION OF THE LETTER FROM CORONADO TO MENDOZA, AUGUST 3, 1540. THE ACCOUNT GIVEN BY FRANCISCO VAZQUEZ DE CORONADO, CAPTAIN-GENERAL OF THE FORCE WHICH WAS SENT IN THE NAME OF HIS MAJESTY TO THE NEWLY DISCOVERED COUNTRY, OF WHAT HAPPENED To THE EXPEDITION AFTER APRIL 22 OF THE YEAR MDXL, WHEN HE STARTED FORWARD FROH CULIACAN AND OF WHAT HE FOUND IN THE COUNTRY THROUGH WHICH HE PASSED, — 159

I. Francisco Vazquez starts from Culiacan with his army, and after suffering various inconveniences on account of the badness of the way, reaches the Valley of Hearts, where he failed to find any corn, to procure which he sends to the valley called Señora. He receives an account of the important Valley of Hearts and of the people there, and of some lands lying along that coast, — 159

II. They come to Chichilticale; after having taken two days' rest, they enter a country containing very little food and hard to travel for 30 leagues, beyond which the country becomes pleasant, and there is a river called the River of the Flax (del Lino); they fight against the Indians, being attacked by these; and having by their victory secured the city, they relieve themselves of the pangs of their hunger, — 164

III. Of the situation and condition of the Seven Cities called the kingdom of Cevola, and the sort of people and their customs, and of the animals which are found there, — 172

IV. Of the nature and situation of the kingdoms of Totonteac, Marata, and Acus, wholly different from the account of Friar Marcos. The conference which they had with the Indians of the city of Granada, which they had captured, who had been forewarned of the coming of Christians into their country fifty years before. The account which was obtained from them concerning seven other cities, of which Tucano is the chief, and how he sent to discover them. A present sent to Mendoza of various things found in this country by Vazquez Coronado, — 177

TRANSLATION OF THE TRASLADO DE LAS NUEVAS, — 186

Copy of the Reports and Descriptions that Have Been Received Regarding the Discovery of a City which is called Cibola, Situated in the New Country, — 186

This is the Latest Account of Cibola, and of More than Four Hundred Leagues Beyond, 190

TRANSLATION OF THE RELACION DEL SUCESO, 197 Account of what Happened on the Journey which Francisco Vazquez Made to Discover Cibola, — 197

TRANSLATION OF A LETTER FROM CORONADO TO THE KING, OCTOBER 20, 1541, — 213

Letters from Francisco Vazquez Coronado to His Majesty, in which he gives an Account of the Discovery of the Province of Tiguex, — 213

TRANSLATION OF THE NARRATIVE OF JARAMILLO, — 222

Account Given by Captain Juan Jaramillo of the Journey which he made to the New Country, on which Francisco Vazquez Coronado was the General, — 222

TRANSLATION OF THE REPORT OF HERNANDODE ALVARADO, — 241

Account of what Hernando de Alvarado and Friar Juan de Padilla Discovered Going in Search of the South Sea, — 241

TESTIMONY CONCERNING THOSE WHO WENT ON THE EXPEDITION WITH FRANCISCO VAZQUEZ CORONADO, — 245

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