‘‘Yes, my daughter. Panchita grew rapidly worse during the night, and at sunrise they sent for me. Your little friend and playmate is no more, my child; she died about an hour ago. She asked me to give you this,’’ continued Father Kino, placing in Manuelita's hand a small shell box, which contained a few medals and a rosary. ‘‘She said that it made her happier to know that you would sometimes think of her when using the rosary that you had so often used together.’’
A tear coursed down the cheek of the tender-hearted priest as he placed the little legacy of her dead companion in his adopted child's hand. ‘‘Shallow judges of human nature,’’ says a modern novelist, who beautifully and pathetically portrays the passions of the
How tender and sympathetic this good priest's heart was! It was the secret of his great success in his mission work among these children of the American desert. ‘‘I reckon sympathy as the first principle of human virtue, as well as of religious duty,’’ he would say; ‘‘it brings with it that love of our fellow-being without which we cannot hope to do him much good. Love and labour should go hand in hand, and divide the life of man. Much of our work lacks a human side,’’ he would often say; ‘‘surely the tenant is worth more than the brick and mortar which shelters him. Cicero beautifully said that the man should be an ornament to his house, not his house an ornament to him.’’
Father Kino, as the reader of the early history of Mexico well knows, was born at Trent, in the Austrian Tyrol, about the middle of the 17th century, just at the close of the "Thirty Years War," when the population of Germany had been reduced about one half, the universities had all been broken up and the nation completely demoralised; intellectual activity had become almost paralysed, and belief in demonology and witchcraft was universal, the whole nation seeming to live and breathe in an atmosphere of mysticism. Happily, when Father Kino was of an age to benefit by educational advantages, the public mind had awakened, and education and literature were again fostered and encouraged, and a strong effort made by scholars to direct
His name was Eusebius Kuhn, but it was euphemised by the Spaniards into Eusebio Kino. He came to Mexico in 1680, and accompanied Admiral Otondo to California as cosmographer. He is thought to have entered the Jesuit order in California. Returning to Sonora he became the moving spirit of the mission work of this district: he brought to his work the steadfastness and devotion of his
The derivation of the musical name of Sonora seems to be singularly complicated, but the most plausible suggestion, and that supported by a greater number of authorities, is that it is derived from the Spanish word Senora.
Arizona was the name given by the natives to a locality on the northern frontier of Sonora, and was known about the middle of the 18th century as the name of a mining camp or district where the famous bolas de plata were found. A very pretty and poetic derivation for the name of Arizona is traced back to an old Aztec tradition, which says that, ‘‘the Earth is the offspring of the Sun;’’ that a race of giants once peopled it, and in their wanderings from the north to the south were all killed off or died, until only Arizunna, the beauteous maiden of the Sun remained. She fell asleep and slept for many months to find by her side, upon awakening, two lovely babes, a boy and a girl, whom she loved and tenderly cared for, and that they became the progenitors of their race.
Its history as a separate province does not begin until 1846, although the records of exploring entradas establish the fact of its very early settlement. In 1530 Nuno Guzman, the President of New Spain, had in his service an Indian, who told him that when he was quite a boy his father used often to go far into the interior of the country, a distance of forty days travel, and would sell feathers to the people there, bringing back great quantities of gold and silver; that once he had gone with him, and had there seen the people working with these metals, but that they would be compelled to traverse a great desert to reach there. Guzman determining
In 1569 a permanent settlement is said to have been made by the Spaniards on the small tract of land, about six miles square, around what is now Tucson, and its annals are a part of those of Pimeria Alta, or of Sonora, which also included Pimeria Baja.
The friendliness of these Pima tribes and their great desire to have missions established among them, together with the fertility and beauty of the Santa Cruz valley, leads writers to believe that the mission of San Xavier del Bac must have been established as early as 1692 or 1694 when the Jesuits, under Father Kino, visited the other tribes of the territory and built the missions on the Gila River.
Trouble had existed for a long time between the Pimas, to whom Father Kino was so much attached, and the Spanish authorities, who committed many hostile and arbitrary acts against them, so that in 1699 Father Kino determined to leave the mission of Dolores, at the source of the river now known as San Miguel or Horcacites, which had been his headquarters for some years, and establish himself permanently at San Xavier del Bac.
An incident of this journey is very amusing to us of to-day, but was no doubt very portentous to the superstitious soldiers and guides who accompanied him. On the summit of a high hill, which they were compelled to traverse, the Spaniards found a
So delighted were the Pimas when they learned that Father Kino was coming to San Xavier to live permanently among them that they at once built him a comfortable house adjoining the adobe church. The adobe used in the construction of these houses is made of the earth of the locality, and baked in the sun.
‘‘Me know one, just the right one for the Senor Padre,’’ he replied. ‘‘Pacheco, Pima chief, give her me sure. The Apaches take her from the Moquis, Pacheco buy her. Moqui woman know much, she keep house good, cook good, wash good, all things do good. Me bring her three days,’’ he said, holding up three fingers to indicate the length of his absence.
Catiche looked at him earnestly a moment and said, ‘‘Yes, I will stay with you;’’ and during these twenty long years she had been the faithful friend and housekeeper of the good father, and the tender, loving foster-mother of Manuelita."‘‘
|Her heart had found a home; and freshly all|
|Its beautiful affections overgrew|
|Their strengthening props. As o'er some well|
|Soft vine leaves open to the moistening dew.|