Appendix: Tables, Inventories and Charts


Up: Contents Previous: PART IV. SUPPLEMENTARY DATA Next: Notes to the Chapters


[page 151]

TABLE 1
Fifteen U.S. Cities With More Than 5,000
Native American Inhabitants in 1970
Percent
Native Native
Place (SMSA)° Population Americans American
Los Angeles-Long Beach 7,032,075 24,509 0.3
Tulsa 476,945 15,519 3.3
Oklahoma City 640,889 13,033 2.0
New York 11,571,899 12,160 0.1
San Francisco-Oakland 3,109,519 12,011 0.4
Phoenix 967,522 11,159 1.2
Minneapolis-St. Paul 1,813,647 9,852 0.5
Seattle-Everett 1,421,869 9,496 0.7
Chicago 6,978,947 8,996 0.1
Tucson 351,667 8,837 2.5
San Bernardino-Riverside-Ontario 1,143,146 6,378 0.6
San Diego 1,357,854 5,880 0.4
Albuquerque 315,774 5,839 1.8
Detroit 4,199,931 5,683 0.1
Dallas 1,555,950 5,002 0.3
SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of the Census 1972, 1-324-26.
°SMSA = Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area


[page 152]

TABLE 2
United States Counties With Over 20,000
White Inhabitants With Spanish Surnames in 1950
Spanish-Surname
Rank County State Population
1. Los Angeles California 287,614
2. Bexar Texas 176,877
3. Hidalgo Texas 112,422
4. El Paso Texas 89,555
5. Cameron Texas 81,080
6. Nueces Texas 58,939
7. Webb Texas 47,525
8. Bernalillo New Mexico 43,729
9. Maricopa Arizona 42,560
10. Harris Texas 39,171
11. Alameda California 35,578
12. San Bernardino California 35,330
13. Santa Clara California 35,306
14. Fresno California 32,678
15. San Francisco California 31,433
16. San Diego California 28,926
17. Pima Arizona 27,224
18. Denver Colorado 24,950
19. Orange California 23,680
20. Santa Fé New Mexico 23,034
21. Ventura California 21,697
22. Doña Ana New Mexico 20,883
23. San Miguel New Mexico 20,524
24. Río Arriba New Mexico 20,056
SOURCE: Brunsman 1953, p. 3C-59–70.


[page 153]

TABLE 3
Tubac Troopers Who Later Served at Tucson

Name

Age

Birthplace
Social
Class

Credits/Debits°
José Antonio Ureña 29 49
José Marcos Ramírez 40 Fronteras Spaniard 20
Luis Albiso 37 Real de San Juan Spaniard 19
Pasqual Rivera 33 San Luís Coyote 18
José Antonio Palomino 35 San Luís Morisco 22
Juan Miguel Palomino 31 Tubutama Morisco 22
Juan Angel Castillo 46 San Miguel de Guadalupe Coyote 20
Juan Vicente Martínez 26 Buenavista Spaniard 23
Francisco Xavier Espinosa 31 Fronteras Spaniard 21
Francisco Xavier Figueroa 37 Mátape Coyote 5
José Cayetano Mesa 25 Villa de San Miguel Spaniard 21
Modesto Hilario Santa Cruz 23 Real del Mortero Spaniard 20
Ysidro Martinez 27 San Lorenzo Morisco 5
Juan José Villa 32 Pitíc Spaniard 22
Francisco Xavier Márquez 27 Sinaloa Mulatto 2
Francisco Xavier Díaz 26 San Luís Spaniard 13
José María Sosa 28 Tecori Spaniard 21
Ygnacio Arias 27 México Spaniard 17
Juan José Medina 28 Santa Ana Coyote 18
Andrés Salazar 25 Mistepori Coyote 12
José Domingo Granillo 21 Sopori Coyote 21
Miguel Zamora 42 Sinaloa Coyote 8
José Manuel Ayala 42 Villa de Leon Coyote 22
José Ygnacio Martínez 28 San Juan Coyote 11
Juan de Mesa 17 Sinaloa Spaniard 99
Juan Antonio Oliva 19 Tubac Coyote 72
José Ygnacio Zamora 23 Sinaloa Spaniard 63
SOURCES: Social class data from Oliva 13 de Agosto de 1775 No. 3; Financial status data from Oliva 13 de Agosto de 1775 No. 7.
°Credits and debits are rounded to the nearest peso.


[page 154]

TABLE 4
Tucson Garrison Strength in May 1779
Officers
Captain Don Pedro de Allande Present
Lieutenant Don Miguel de Urrea in San Miguel
Ensign Don Diego de Oya Present
Second Ensign of Light Troops, Don José Francisco de Castro Present
Chaplain Friar Francisco Perdigon Present
Armored Troop
Sergeant José de Tona 1
First Corporals 2
Second Corporals 2
Soldiers 37
Master Armorer 1
Light Troop
Sergeant Juan Vega 1
Corporals (paid the same as armored troops) 2
Drummer vacant
Soldiers 17
Indian Scouts
Corporal 1
Scouts 9
5 officers, 4 present, and 73 troopers
SOURCE: Medina 1779.


[page 156]

TABLE 5
Tucson Company Individual Accounts in 1778

NAMES
Credits†
[Pesos]
Debits†
[Pesos]
1st Sergeant José de Tona 1
1st Sgt. Juan de Vegas 3
1st Corporal Joachin Gamunez 1
1st Corp. Pasqual Ribera° 14
2d Corp. Francisco Xavier Figueroa° 50
2d Corp. José Maria Sosa° 50
3d Corp. José Marcos Ramírez° 1
3d Corp. Francisco Xavier Espinosa° 1
Soldiers
Luis Alviso° 1
José Antonio Palomino° 107
Juan Miguel Palomino° 82
Juan Angel Castillo° 206
José Caietano Mesa° 54
Ysidro Martinez° 23
Francisco Xavier Marquez° 34
Francisco Xavier Diaz° 14
Juan José Villa°
Ygnacio Arias° 17
Juan Vicente Martinez° 95
Modesto, Hilario Santa Cruz° 46
Andrés Salazar° 6
José Domingo, Granillo° 2
José Manuel Ayala° 19
José Ygnacio Martinez° 66
Miguel Zamora° 1
Fernando Morales 61
Jose Antonio Treña 165
Juan de Mesa°° 18
Juan Antonio Oliba° 2
José Ygnacio Zamora° 76
Loreto Amezquita 55
Juan Santos Lopez 30
Guadalupe Alvarado 1
Juan Ygnacio Moreno 22
Juan Simon Vera 78
Manuel Vicente de Sosa 73
Pasqual Escalante 3
Joachin Gallardo 125
Simon Tapia 149
Juan Baptista Romero 156
José Joachin Gongora 7
Juan José Medina° 36
Light Troops
Juan José Tisnado 5
José Francisco Ribera 32
Blas Antonio Balderrama 13
José Gerardo Granillo 30
Juan Miguel Dias 28
José Procopio Martinez 5
Sebastian Ygnacio Granillo 19
Francisco Xavier de la Cruz 61
José Valdés 124
Gregorio Acuña 62
Pedro Gamez 59
Juan José Soto 41
Antonio Perez 26
Sebastian Camacho 1
Ramon Amezquita 9
Antonio Reyes Días 17
Scouts
Francisco Xavier Miranda° 33
Ygnacio Soqui° 104
Salvador Manuel Miranda° 20
Agustín de la Yguera 25
Totals 2,414 445 Pesos
1 5 reales
24 04 maravedis
SOURCES: Medina 1779 and Oliva 13 de Agosto de 1775, No. 3 y “Relación.”
°Previously served in 1775 Tubac Company.
†Credits and debits are rounded to the nearest peso.


[page 157]

TABLE 6
Tucson Garrison Strength in November 1782
Captain Don Pedro de Allande Present
Lieutenant Don Josef María Abate Present
First Ensign Don Ygnacio Usarraga Present
Second Ensign Don Juan Antonio Carrillo Present
Chaplain Don Gabriel Franco Present
Sergeant Juan Fernandez 1
Another, Josef María Sosa 1
Drummer Juan Gregorio Rios 1
Corporals 4
Carbineers 4
Master Armorer 1
Soldiers 55
5 Officers 67 men
SOURCE: Neve 30 de Noviembre de 1782.

TABLE 7
Tucson Company at 1783 Inspection


[page 158]

Appeared on Commended
1775 1779 for May Credit† Debit†
Men Roll Roll 1782 Act. [Pesos] [Pesos]
Corporals
Francisco Usarraga 17
Luis Alvisso ° ° 26
Francisco Marquez ° ° 25
Ygnacio Arias ° ° 24
Carbineers
Mario Santa Cruz 4
Juan Ramírez 48
Domingo Granillo ° ° ° 55
Juan Oliva ° ° ° 22
Armorer José Ureña ° 41
Soldiers
Cadet Don Pedro de Allande 48
Juan Simón Vera ° 16
Vicente Sosa ° 40
Bautista Romero ° 9
Joaquín Góngora ° 33
Juan Medina ° ° 8
Juan Tisnado ° 81
Juan Díaz ° 54
Sevastian Granillo ° 91
Javier Cruz ° 14
Ramón Amesquita ° ° 125
Agustín de la Yguera ° 72
Clemente Mesa 27
Miguel Luque 54
José Chamorro 209
Salvador Miranda ° 54
Francisco Romero 31
Cayetano Canoro 73
Joaquín Berdugo 83
Luis Messa 64
Francisco Castro ° 62
Ygnacio Espinosa 9
Domingo Mesa 150
Juan Ocovoa 15
Juan Gurrola 18
Javier Castro, first 27
Manuel Ortega 82
Bautista Urquijo 10
Javier Castro, second 10
Distinguished Don Juan Beldarrain ° ° 17
Javier Gurrola 67
Procopio Cancio ° 85
Vicente Pacheco ° 44
Martin Mascareno ° 123
Francisco Barreda 24
Francisco Gonzales 63
Joaquin Ortega ° 86
Jose Baldenegro ° 43
Joaquin Acosta 122
Nicolas Anaya 60
Joaquin Lopez 140
Juan de Ortega 18
Simon Soto 104
Manuel Hernandez 108
José Barrera 95
José Ortega 126
Ygnacio Mesa 127
Juan Palomino ° 110
Juan Luque 116
Domingo de la Cruz 53
Juan Castillo ° 62
Juan Bustamante 52
José Tisnado ° 62
Total men reported: 62 7 20 11 205 3,885
SOURCES: Abate 24 de Diciembre de 1783; Medina 1779;
Oliva 13 de Agosto de 1775.
†Credits and debits are rounded to the nearest peso.


[page 159]

TABLE 8
Tucson Garrison Strength in January 1784
Officers
Captain Don Pedro de Allande Present
Lieutenant Don José María Abate Present
First Ensign Don Felix Usarraga Wounded
Second Ensign Juan Carrillo Present
Chaplain Don Gabriel Franco Present
Sergeant Juan Fernandez 1
Sgt. José María Sosa 1
Drummer Juan Gregorio Riós 1
Corporals 4
Carbineers 4
Armorer Jose Ureña in prison 1
Soldiers 53
5 officers 65 men
SOURCE: Medina 15 de Enero de 1784.

TABLE 9
Tucson Garrison Strength In October 1785
Officers
Commander, Lt. Col. Don Pedro de Allande y Saabedra Present
Lieutenant Don Francisco Barrios Present
First Ensign Vacant
Second Ensign Don Pedro Maria de Allande Present
Chaplain Vacant
Sergeant Josef María Sosa 1
Sg.t Francisco Márquez 1
Drummer Juan Gregorio Ríos 1
Corporals 4
Carbineers 4
Armorer 1
Soldiers 51
Sick Soldiers 2
3 officers 65 men
SOURCE: Medina 6 de Octubre de 1785.


[page 160]

TABLE 10
Tucson Garrison Strength on 1 January 1817
Company of the Royal Presidio of San Agustín del Tucson, Province of Sonora, First Day of the Month of January of 1817. List and Summary of the Review I, Don Manuel Ygnacio de Arvizu, Lieutenant Colonel (Brevet) and Captain of Said Company Made of the Officers, Troops and Invalids of Which It Is Composed.
RANKS NAMES ASSIGNMENTS
Captain, Brevet Lt. Col. D. Manuel Ygnacio Arvizu Present
Lieutenant D. Manuel de León Present
1st Ensign D. José María Elías Gonzáles In Nueva Vizcaya
2d Ensign Vacant
Chaplain Friar Pedro Ariquivar Sick
Armorer Ambrosio Araisa Present
Drummer Francisco Usarraga Present
Bonuses
in reales
135 Sgt. and Bvt. Ensign D. Manuel Ortega in Tubac
90 Sgt. D. José María Gonzáles sick
6 Sgt. D. Loreto Ramírez remount herd
9 Corporal Bvt. Sgt. D. Salvador Gallegos on the Coast
90 Corp. D. Bicente Rodriguez Present
6 Corp. D. Ygnacio Marín Pack-train
Corp. D. Antonio Ramírez On the Coast
Distinguished D. Leonardo Leanor running remount herd
9 Carbineer D. Pedro Bega On the Coast
6 Carbineer D. Francisco Polanco Present
Distinguished D. Francisco Romero remount herd
9 Carbineer D. José Martínes stationed in Arizpe
6 Carbineer D. Manuel Orosco on guard duty
Carbineer D. Pedro Ramírez sick
Cadet D. Guillermo Narbona stationed in Arizpe
Soldiers
112 Francisco Romero 1st with King's cattle
6 Juan Morales Present
6 Miguel Burrola on the Coast
6 José Grijalva Present
6 José Telles on the Coast
6 Bernardino Mesa on the Coast
6 Antonio Granillo pack train
6 Juan María Castro on the Coast
6 Francisco Pacheco stationed in Arizpe
6 Santos Sierra on the Coast
6 Juan Diego Lira in Bacuachi
6 Bautista Romero remount herd
Antonio Carrillo on the Coast
6 Yldefonso Boxorques on the Coast
Mariano Rodriguez remount herd
Ylario Andrada on the Coast


[page 161]

Guillermo Pacheco sick
Pedro Granillo sick
Juan Martines in the Hospital
Francisco Ortega on the Coast
Juan Sisneros remount herd
Francisco Morales Present
Pedro Cuellar running remount herd
Bvt. Sgt. Juan Rodriguez Sick
Juan Romero ordinance
Francisco Gauna pack train
Ramón Federico in the Hospital
José Soto on the Coast
José Ramíres remount herd
Manuel Hernandes Sick
Cornelio Elias Sick
Pedro Siquieros pack train
José Romero with King's cattle
Ygnacio Urías remount herd
Distinguished Gerónimo de Herran remount herd
Vicente Sosa running remount herd
José Gallegos Present
Francisco Amayo on the Coast
José León Sick
José Carrisosa Sick
Ramón Sortillón with King's cattle
Juan Tisnado Present
Fernando Ruelas remount herd
José Solares ordinance
José Luque running remount herd
Antonio Cuellar remount herd
Francisco Romero 2d Present
Juan Morillo running remount herd
Juan Miranda pack train
Juan Salazar remount herd
Julian Baldes Present
Ygnacio León Present
Distinguished D. Francisco Heran on guard duty
José Rangel running remount herd
Luis Carrillo Present
Nepomuceno Duarte remount herd
Juan León remount herd
José Mendes on guard duty
Juan Urtado pack train
Francisco Granillo Present
José Siqueiros on guard duty
Santiago Urtado pack train
Juan Ledesma Present
Julian Gales pack train
Ramón Romero remount herd
Pedro Vega on guard duty
Roque Balenzuela on guard duty


[page 162]

José Castillo Present
Ramón García pack train
Balentín Usarraga Present
Alvino Ocoboa Present
Ygnacio Castelo remount herd
Juan Ygnacio Romero remount herd
Eulario Luque on guard duty
Narciso Ortega remount herd
Juan Martínes on guard duty
Francisco Días remount herd
Mariano Alegría remount herd
Invalids
90 Corp. José Tisnado Present
9 Antonio Gonsales Present
6 Raimundo Ortega Present
6 Guillermo Saenz Present
6 Gregorio Ríos Present
Nepomuseno Corales Present
Juan Martines Present
José Bildusea Present
Francisco Granillo Present
José Palomino Present
Salvador Morales Present
Marcos Castro Present
Total 12
Summary
Capt. Bvt. Lt. Col. D. Manuel Ygnacio de Arvizu Present 1
Lieutenant D. Manuel de León Present 1
1st Ensign D. José María Elías Gonzáles Absent 1
2d Ensign D......... Vacant
Chaplain Friar Pedro Arriquibar Present 1
Armorer Ambrosio Araisa Present 1
Drummer Francisco Usarraga Present 1
Sergeant Bvt. Ensign D. Manuel Ortega Absent 1
Sergeant José María Gonsales Absent 1
Sergeant Loreto Ramíres Absent 1
Corporals Present 1
Corporals Absent 4
Carbineers Present 1
Carbineers Absent 5
Soldiers Present 14
Soldiers Absent 65
Total 192
SOURCE: Arvizu 1 de Enero de 1817.


[page 163]

TABLE 11
Native American Population of Tucson, 1759, Enumerated by Captain Joseph Díaz del Carpio
The Chief, married to Ysavel. He has a son.
Sergeant Antonio, married to María Theresa.
Thomas married to María.
Gregorio married to Ysavel.
Juan married to Savina. He has two sons.
Xaver married to Juana. He has two sons.
A pagan named Miticri, married to Anna María.
Francisco married to Juana María.
Juan married to María. They have a son.
Xaveer married to Magdalena.
Lorenzo married to Lucía.
Antonio married to Cristina. They have two sons.
Xaver married to Teresa. They have two sons.
Ygnacio married to Théresa. He has a son.
Pedro married to Ysavel. He has a son.
Juan married to María.
Xaveer married to Lucía.
Carlos married to Juana.
Andrés married to Crestina.
Miguel married to Theresa. They have a son.
Ygnacio married to Michaela. He has a son.
Juan married to Ysavel, two daughters, one pagan.
Juan married to María.
Luis married to María Thereza.
Juan Antonio married to Catharina.
Antonio married to María.
Ygnacio married to María. They have a son, Joseph.
Manuel married to Andrea. They have two sons, Miguel & Marcos.
Juan Miguel married to Josepha. They have a son, Pedro.
Juan Pedro married to Marta, and a daughter Martta.
Xavier married to María. He has a son, Lázaro.
Ygnacio married to María. They have two sons, Pedro & Marcos.
Antonio married to María Antonia, with his son Juan Antonio.
Luis married to María. He has a son Juan Ygnacio.
Santiago married to Martha, one son, Pedro.
Ygnacio married to Josepha, with a daughter Ynes.
Juan married to Juana, with two sons Xavier and Francisco.
Lázaro married to Rosa. They have a son.
Lázaro married to Ysavel, and two sons, one pagan.
Ygnacio married to María, and one son Juan.
Xavier married to Ysavel.
Juan Manuel married to Catharina.
Ygnacio married to Catharina.
There are 20 bachelors 12 years and older. There are 14 spinsters.
SOURCE: Díaz del Carpio 1752, fol. 95–95V.


[page 164]

TABLE 12
Native American Population of Tucson in 1766
Enumeration of the Families That Presently Live in Tuxon, Branch Pueblo of the Mission of San Xavier del Baca, Made on 20 February 1766
Married [Men] Women Children
Governor Juan Anna María
Mador Salvador Theresa 1 child
Fiscal Christoval Anna María
Juan Baptista Juana 3 children
Christoval Juana Theresa
Joseph Theresa
Esteban Juana 3 children
Thomas Rosa María 1 child
Salbador Anna María 3 children
Lorenzo Luisa 2 children
Juan Domingo
Xavier María 3 children
Nicolás dead 3 children
Juan María
Andrés Luisa 3 children
Juan Antonio Christina 1 child
Francisco Ysabel
Xavier María 1 child
Joseph Juana 1 child
Thomas Ynes María
Christobal
Joseph Juana 3 children
Manuel dead 3 children
Cipriano María 2 children
Xavier Anna María 2 children
Juanico
Juan Antonio Josepha 2 children
Juan María
Miguel Ysabel
Ygnacio
Xavier María 2 children
Juanu
Juan Antonio Josepha 2 children
Juan María
Miguel Ysabel
Ygnacio
Xavier María 2 children
Juanico Josepha 3 children
Ygnacio María
Agustín María 3 children
Carlos Juana 2 children
Mathias Magdalena 2 children


[page 165]

Widows
Magdalena 1 child
Luisa
Guadalupe
Ynes María 1 child
Thomasa
Juana
María 1 child
Juana
Nicolasa
42 41 56 Total: 139
SOURCES: (Neve) 20 de Febrero de 1766.
°Although the priest headed this column “married,” he listed in it men for whom he did not show wives or children. Thus, “Men” is a more accurate heading.

TABLE 13
Native American Population of Tucson, 1801
Enumeration of the Pueblo Ranch of This Mission, San Agustín del Tucson, Which Lies Three Leagues to the North of This Mission Over a Level Road
[Residents] [Tribe° ] [Age] [Estate]
Families
1. Joseph Castro Pima 41 Married man
Regina Flores Pima 19 married woman
2. Xavier Cardona Papago 56 married man
Ysabel Ronda Papaga 59 married woman
Francisco Cardona Papago 12 bachelor
Getrudes Cardona Papaga 09 girlchild
3. Eusebio Villaplana Gileño 47 married man
Ana María Reyes Papaga 65 married woman
4. Domingo Zuñiga Papago 38 married man
Francisca Bueno Papaga 43 married woman
Mariano Zuñiga Papago 03 boychild
5. Eusebio Jimenez Papago 59 married man
Anamaría Mata Papaga 54 married woman
Antonio Jimenez Papago 08 boychild


[page 166]

6. Pedro Bustamante Pima 38 married man
Guadalupe Anzar Papaga 33 married woman
Bautista Anzar Papago 09 boychild
Juana Bustamante Pima 01 girlchild
7. Ygnacio Trinidad Pima 19 married man
Teresa Villaplana Papaga 17 married woman
Francisco Villaplana Papago 11 bachelor
8. Ygnacio Reyes Papago 36 married man
Guadalupe Sortillón Papaga 31 married woman
9. Antonio Díaz Papago 72 married man
Juana Flores Papaga 76 married woman
10. Vicente Lorenza Pima 47 married man
María Galbez Papaga 45 married woman
11. Miguel Bueno Pima 43 married man
Anamaría Delfin Pima 39 married woman
12. Pablo Díaz Gileño 21 married man
Josepha Buno Pima 18 married woman
13. Pedro Solá Pima 49 married man
Cristina Galbes Papaga 43 married woman
Francisca Solá Pima 09 girlchild
14. Felipe Solá Pima 18 married man
Felipa Llorena Papaga 16 married woman
15. Joseph Romero Pima 30 married man
Anamaría Pachecho Papaga 29 married woman
Francisco Pacheco Papago 09 boychild
15. Miguel Lorena Pima 55 married man
Luisa Tapia Pima 53 married woman
17. Ygnacio Lorena Pima 17 married man
Ygnacia Redondo Papaga 14 married woman
18. Antonio Dorado Pima 60 married man
Juliana Alba Pima 58 married woman
Petra Dorado Pima 09 girlchild
19. Eusebio Rubio Papago 41 married man
Getrudis Díaz Pima 37 married woman
Juaquín Rubio Pima 09 boychild
Francisco Rubio Pima 00 boychild
20. Agust'n Flores Pima 42 married man
Juana Reyes Papaga 51 married woman
Pedro Reyes Papago 09 boychild
Josepha Reyes Papaga 07 girlchild
21. Manuel Compañ Papago 27 married man
Concepción Díaz Gileña 23 married woman
Jacinto Compañ Papago 02 boychild
22. Domingo Díaz Papago 54 married man
Francisca Varela Papaga 33 married woman


[page 167]

23. Francisco Díaz Pima 29 married man
Christiana Bueno Papaga 34 married woman
Francisco Flores Pima 07 boychild
24. Miguel Guesca Papago 31 married man
Antonia Castro Papaga 22 married woman
María Guesca Papaga 00 girlchild
25. Francisco Bueno Papago 62 married man
Anamaría Redondo Papaga 49 married woman
Patricio Redondo Papago 05 boychild
26. Miguel Cardona Papago 35 married man
Josepha Pacheco Papaga 31 married woman
Cristina Cardona Papaga 09 girlchild
Susana Cardona Papaga 05 girlchild
27. Bautista Urrea Papago 37 married man
Rosa Samaniego Papaga 30 married woman
Nicolasa Urrea Papaga 10 spinster
Encarnación Urrea Papaga 04 girlchild
28. Miguel Castro Papago 29 married man
Getrudes Reyes Papaga 26 married woman
Joseph Castro Papago 04 boychild
Rita Castro Papaga 00 girlchild
29. Xavier Zuñiga Papago 36 married man
Getrudis Cabañas Papaga 28 married woman
Eusebio Zuñiga Papago 11 bachelor
Getrudes Zuñiga Papaga 08 girlchild
María Zuñiga Papaga 05 girlchild
Felipe Zuñiga Papago 00 boychild
30. Ygnacio Cabañas Papago 36 married man
Anastasia Zuñiga Papaga 33 married woman
Pedro Cabañas Papago 14 bachelor
Xavier Cabañas Papago 06 boychild
31. Pablo Orosco Papago 30 married man
Catarina Pacheco Papaga 34 married woman
Josepha Orosco Papaga 09 girlchild
Lorenzo Orosco Papago 05 boychild
Ygnacio Orosco Papago 00 boychild
32. Xavier Llorenz Papago 47 married man
Teresa Perez Papaga 44 married woman
María Llorenz Papaga 11 spinster
Antonio Llorenz Papago 09 boychild
Pomoceno Llorenz Papago 00 boychild
33. Francisco Sn Gil Papago 41 married man
Teresa Ríos Papaga 38 married woman
Dolores Sn Gil Papaga 00 girlchild
34. Siprian Compañ Papago 42 married man
Rosa Orosco Papaga 31 married woman
Dolores Compañ Papaga 00 girlchild
35. Antonio Lorena Papago 50 married man
Manuela Arriquibar Papaga 53 married woman
Ygnacio Lorena Papago 12 bachelor
Teresa Lorena Papaga 09 girlchild


[page 168]

36. Cristoval Sn Gil Papago 56 married man
Josepha Sotillón Papaga 49 married woman
Dolores Sn Gil Papaga 11 spinster
Joseph Sn Gil Papago 09 boychild
Martin Sn Gil Papago 05 boychild
Juana San Gil Papaga 00 girlchild
37. Xavier Lorena Papago 58 married man
Trinidad Castro Papaga 50 married woman
38. Joseph Bustamente Papago 48 married man
Juana Belarde Papaga 39 married woman
Joseph Bustamente Papago 11 bachelor
Getrudis Bustamente Papaga 09 girlchild
39. Pedro Sánchez Papago 55 married man
Ynes Sn Gil Papaga 56 married woman
Manuel Sánchez Papago 13 bachelor
Josepha Sánchez Papaga 10 spinster
Juana Sánchez Papaga 06 girlchild
40. Bernardo Crespo Papago 60 married man
Catarina Bojorquez Papaga 47 married woman
Antonio Crespo Papago 12 bachelor
María Crespo Papaga 09 girlchild
41. Xavier Villaplana Papago 15 married man
Loreta Belarde Papaga 14 married woman
42. Francisco Jimenez Papago 44 married man
Lucía Villaplana Papaga 33 married woman
Lorenza Jimenez Papaga 07 girlchild
Francisco Jimenez Papago 02 boychild
43. Antonio Crespo Papago 28 married man
Christina Almada Papaga 24 married woman
María Crespo Papaga 02 girlchild
44. Xavier Castro Papago 55 married man
Juana Estrella Papaga 41 married woman
Cristoval Castro Papago 13 bachelor
Ygnacio Castro Papago 11 bachelor
Francisco Castro Papago 08 boychild
Nicolasa Castro Papaga 05 girlchild
45. Ygnacio Ríos Papago 20 married man
Josepha Belarde Papaga 19 married woman
46. Miguel Robles Papago 36 married man
Rosa Montes Papaga 41 married woman
47. Miguel Bustamante Papago 32 married man
Rosa Castro Papaga 29 married woman
48. Xavier Lorena Papago 23 married man
Manuela Bueno Gileña 21 married woman
49. Xavier Reyes Papago 16 married man
Regina Lorena Papaga 15 married woman


[page 169]

50. Antonio Cabañas Papago 24 married man
Juana Jimenes Papaga 20 married woman
Manuela Cabañas Papaga 00 girlchild
51. Estevan Mesios Papago 22 married man
Ysabel Sn Gil Papaga 19 married woman
52. Francisco Almada Papago 29 married man
Ygnacia Crespo Papaga 26 married woman
53. Miguel Medondo Papago 19 married man
Guadalupe Cabañas Papaga 18 married woman
Pascuala Medondo Papaga 00 girlchild
54. Bautista Bustamante Papago 59 married man
Rosa Montes Papaga 55 married woman
Ygnacio Bustamante Papago 13 bachelor
Francisco Bustamante Papago 11 bachelor
55. Joseph Orosco Papago 43 married man
Anamaría Sánchez Papaga 41 married woman
Baustista Orosco Papago 09 boychild
Antonio Orosco Papago 06 boychild
56. Xavier Compañ Papago 68 married man
Josepha Perez Papaga 63 married woman
57. Eusebio Belarde Papago 49 married man
María Arriquibar Papaga 44 married woman
Lázaro Belarde Papago 12 bachelor
Catarina Belarde Papaga 06 girlchild
58. Marcos Pacheco Papago 32 married man
Gracia Belarde Papaga 29 married woman
Getrudis Pacheco Papaga 04 girlchild
59. Felipe Zuñiga Papago 53 married man
Ysabel Llorenz Papaga 47 married woman
Mariana Zuñiga Papaga 11 spinster
Francisca Llorenz Papaga 08 girlchild
Magdalena Zuñiga Papaga 06 girlchild
60. Salvador Llorenz Papago 38 married man
Josepha Soler Papaga 52 married woman
Josepha Llorenz Papaga 13 spinster
61. Pedro Ríos Papago 36 married man
Carmen Cabañas Papaga 32 married woman
Lucía Ríos Papaga 13 spinster
Miguel Ríos Papago 11 bachelor
Regina Ríos Papaga 06 girlchild
Antonio Ríos Papago 02 boychild
Ysabel Ríos Papaga 02 girlchild
62. Nicolás Guesca Papago 39 married man
Josepha Zuñiga Papaga 36 married woman
Xavier Guesca Papago 10 boychild
63. Manuel Ríos Papago 68 married man
Micaela Cardona Papaga 64 married woman
Xavier Ríos Papago 42 bachelor
Siprian Ríos Papago 30 bachelor


[page 170]

64. Miguel Pacheco Papago 49 married man
María Escalante Papaga 59 married woman
Ygnacio Almada Papago 16 bachelor
Francisco Almada Papago 13 bachelor
65. Juan Samaniego Papago 24 married man
Luisa Cardona Papaga 26 married woman
Antonio Cardona Papago 02 boychild
Single Individuals
Francisco Gutierrez Papago 56 widower
Felipe Gutierrez Papago 14 bachelor
Xavier Gutierrez Papago 11 bachelor
Dolores Gutierrez Papaga 03 girlchild
Antonio Castro Gileño 55 widower
Luis Rubio Papago 83 widower
Ygnacio Urrea Papago 49 widower
Teresa Urrea Papaga 11 spinster
Miguel Urrea Papago 06 boychild
Miguel Castro Papago 69 widower
Miguel Velarde Papago 57 widower
Ygnacio Belarde Papago 15 bachelor
Francisco Belarde Papago 06 boychild
Francisco Zuñiga Papago 78 widower
Xavier Orosco Papago 61 widower
Nicolás Orosco Papago 17 bachelor
Bernardino Pacheco Gileño 23 bachelor
Salvador Lorena Papago 32 bachelor
Juana Urrea Papaga 71 widow
Eusebio Urrea Papago 15 bachelor
Rosa Lorena Papaga 57 widow
Pedro Samaniego Papago 15 bachelor
Rosa Villaplana Papaga 76 widow
Eusebio Villaplana Gileño 17 bachelor
Lucía Montes Papaga 78 widow
Cristoval Bueno Pima 08 boychild
Ynes Arriquibar Papaga 41 widow
Agustín Lorena Papago 15 bachelor
Josepha Lorena Papaga 13 spinster
Manuel Lorena Papago 10 boychild
Getrudes Lorena Papaga 08 girlchild
Diego Lorena Papago 06 boychild
María Orosco Papaga 88 heathen
María Sinarituz Papaga 90 heathen
SOURCE: Llorens 12 de Diciembre de 1801, ff. 3v–10v.
°Llorens distinguished only three “tribes” in the Northern Piman Indian mission population. He lumped all desert-dwellers as “Papago,” accurately differentiated Gila River Pimas as “Gileños,” and lumped Sobaipuris from both the San Pedro and Santa Cruz River Valleys, and perhaps other riverine natives, as “Pima.” His lumping masked actual tribal affiliations.


[page 171]

TABLE 14
Population of Bac and Tucson, 1801
There Follows the Enumeration of the Citizens Who Reside
in This Mission [of San Xavier del Bac] and Its Pueblos
Residents Nationality Age Estate
Families
1. Ygnacio Gauna Spaniard 27 married man
Fermina Burgue.s Spaniard 41 married woman
Getrudes Gauna Spaniard 12 spinster
Ventura Gauna Spaniard 12 spinster
Ramona Gauna Spaniard 03 girlchild
Augustín Gauna Spaniard 01 boychild
Miguel Gauna Yuma 10 boychild
2. Xavier Usarraga Spaniard 52 married man
Dolores Azedo Spaniard 46 married woman
Marcial Usarraga Yuma 09 boychild
Luz Usarraga Yuma 08 girlchild
Juan Sisneros Coyote° 17 bachelor
3. Patricio de León Coyote 26 married man
Guadalupe Martinez Coyota 29 married woman
Joseph de León Coyote 17 bachelor
Jeronima de León Coyota 02 girlchild
4. Gregorio Barrios Mestizo 31 married man
Loreta Martinez Mulatta 35 married woman
Ysidora Barrios Mestiza 13 spinster
María Barrios Mestiza 06 girlchild
Francisca Barrios Mestiza 01 girlchild
5. Valentín Carrisosa Coyote 57 married man
Ylaria Nostroza Coyota 49 married woman
Joseph Carrisosa Coyote 17 bachelor
6. Pedro Ríos Spaniard 26 married man
Ramona Ríos Spaniard 04 girlchild
Joseph Ríos Spaniard 00 boychild
Benito Ríos Yuma 07 boychild
[Single Individuals]
Carmen Romero Coyota 62 widow
Ygnacio Pacheco Coyote 27 bachelor
Manuel Pacheco Yuma 11 bachelor
Joseph Pacheco Yuma 12 bachelor
Barbara Romero Yuma 08 girlchild
Dominga Rodrigues Mulatta 52 widow
Ygnacio Ortega Mulatto 18 bachelor
Dolores Gastelum Spaniard 53 spinster
Antonio Soto Mayor Spaniard 12 bachelor
Guadalupe Gastelum Yuma 08 girlchild
SOURCE: Llorens 12 de Diciembre de 1801. ff. 3v–10v.
°See discussion of term Coyote,Chapter 2.


[page 172]

TABLE 15
Ethnic Composition of Eight Sonoran Settlements, 1796–1797
PERCENTAGE OF RESPECTIVE GROUPS
Settlement Total Reported Piman Apache Yaqui Opata Yuma (▪) or Seri (•) Mestizo or Mulatto Spaniards
Tucson 395 100.0
Altar 800 100.0
Tumacacori 102 62.7 1.0 11.18 1.0 1.0▪ 2.9
Cocospera 138 44.9 12.3 42.8
Cucurpe 521 49.1 43.4 7.5
Tuape 151 100
Pitíc 234 87.2• 12.8
Yécora 60 86.7 13.3
SOURCES: Tucson, Collins 1970; Altar, Canales 5 de Agosto de 1796; Tumacacori, Whiting 1953; Cocospera, Santiesteban 9 de 7bre de 1976; Cucurpe and Tuape, Legarra 14 de Octubre de 1796; Pitíc, Martínez 11 de Octubre de 1796; Yécora, Noreña 20 de Octubre de 1796.

TABLE 16
Proportion of Unmarried Youths in Sonoran Populations, 1796–1797 (Bachelors, Spinsters & Children)
Settlement Total Natives° Spaniards Youths Percent
Tucson 395 158 40.0
Tumacacori 102 37 36.0
64 30 46.9
12† 4 33.3
Cocospera 144 62 43.1
68 30 44.1
17† 6 35.3
59 26 44.1
Pitíc Mission 204 112 54.9
30 21 70.0
Yécora 52 26 50.0
SOURCES: Data in this table are drawn from Collins 1970 for Tucson;
Whiting 1953 for Tumacacori; Santiesteban 9 de Setiembre de 1796 for Cocospera;
Martínez 11 de Octubre. de 1796 for Pitíc, and Noreñ
a 20 de Octubre de 1796 for Yécora.
°“Natives” are Northern Pimans at Tucson, Tumacacori and Cocospera and Southern Pimans at Yécom and Seris at Pitíc.
†Yaquis


[page 173]

TABLE 17
Average Household Size in Selected
Sonoran Settlements, 1796–1797
Settlement Ethnic Group Households Number of Persons Average per Household
Tucson Post “Spaniards” 48 211° 4.4
“Spaniards” 48 192† 4.2†
Altar Post “Spaniards” 150 800 5.3
Cocospera N. Piman 18 62 3.44
Spaniards 17 59 3.47
Yaquis 6 17 2.83
Pitíc Mission Seris 50 182 3.64
Spaniards 5 30 6.0
Tumacacori N. Pimans 22 72 3.27
Yaquis 4 12 3.0
Totals “Spaniards” 220 1,100 5.0
Seris 50 182 3.64
N. Pimans 40 134 3.35
Yaquis 10 29 2.9
SOURCES: Data in this table are drawn from Collins 1970 for Tucson;
Canales 5 de Agosto. de 1796 for Altar; Santiesteban 9 de Setiembre de 1796 for Cocospera;
Martínez 11 de. Octubre de 1796 for Pitíc;
Whiting 1953 for Tumacacori.
° Including servants.
† Family only.


[page 174]

TABLE 18
Tertiary Sex Ratios in Selected Sonoran Settlements, 1796–1797°
Ratio
Settlement Males Females Males/Females
Tucson Presidio 221 174 127.0
Tumacacori Mission
Northern Piman 49 34 144.1
Yaqui 7 5 140.0
Cocospera Mission
Northern Piman 34 34 100.0
Spaniards 28 31 90.3
Yaqui 11 6 183.3
Pitíc Mission
Seri 102 101 100.9
Spaniards 15 15 100.0
Yécora Mission
Southern Piman 23 29 79.3
SOURCES: Collins 1970 for Tucson; Whiting 1953 for Tumacacori; Santiesteban 9 de Setiembre de 1796 for Cocospera; Martínez 11 de Octubre de 1796; Noreña 20 de Octubre de 1796 for Yécora, provided data for this table.
°Figures represent entire enumerated populations.


[page 175]

INVENTORY 1 Itemized List of The Vessels of This Church of the Royal Post of Tucson [1797]

Royal Post of San Agustín del Tucson. January 21, 1797. Friar Pedro de Arriquibar, Chaplain

Silver

White Cloths

Chasubles

SOURCE: Arriquibar 21 de Enero de 1797.


[page 176]

INVENTORY 2 Inventory of file Sacred Vessels, Vestments and Other Valuables Which the Chapel of the Royal Post of Tucson Contains [1820]

Tucson. August 6, 1820. Fr. Pedro de Arriquibar

Wrought Silver

Main Altar

Sacristy


[page 177]

Baptistry

Chapel of the Virgin

The material structure of this church is of adobes, its roof beamed, and it is small enough inasmuch as it does not hold the people very well, even though in my time there have been added various parts such as the choir loft, baptistry, sacristy, and the Chapel of the Virgin.

SOURCE: Arriquibar 6 de Agosto de 1820.
°Asterisks are Arriquibar's. He probably used them to indicate items which also had appeared on his 1797 inventory.


[page 178]


[page 179]

CHART 1
Diagram of Kinship Relations in the Elias Gonzáles Family


[page 180]

CHART 2
Tucson Population Pyramid, 1801°


Notes

°. Total enumerated population = 246; figures are percentages of this figure.

Up: Contents Previous: PART IV. SUPPLEMENTARY DATA Next: Notes to the Chapters




© Arizona Board of Regents