(Proceedings in the House: Part 3 of 10)
Let me close by telling you a story that Mo used to like to tell on himself It is one of those wonderful self-effacing Udall tales.

About 10 years ago, Mo, as chairman of the Interior Committee, was willing to a/ccompany me as an almost new Member of this body out to Montana, where we conducted a hearing on the proposal to put the RARE II matter behind us in Montana and pass a statewide omnibus wilderness bill. By the way, tragically, Montana a decade later still has not accomplished that important and necessary task.

Mo and I were traveling from here to a nice little town out in Montana called Dillon, MT. Dillon has an airport, but it does not handle the kind of commercial traffic that Mo and I took from National Airport. So we landed in Billings, MT, and we were picked up by a private twin-engine airplane. And as Mo got on that airplane, he did what he so often does. He said hello to everybody in sight, and he pulled back the curtain into the cockpit to be sure there was not anyone in there that he ought to say hello to, and sure enough, there was a pilot and a copilot preparing for the takeoff.

And Mo said to them, "Hi, fellows. I am Mo Udall. You know, I am a single-engine pilot myself."

And the pilot, barely moving, turned his head and said over his shoulder, "Well, that is fine, Congressman. Now, you go back there and strap yourself in, and if we lose one of these engines, we will call you."

Mo immediately went back, sat down and strapped himself in, looked at me and said, "Boy, we all need a little of that once in a while."

Mo Udall, you are our hero.

Mr. OWENS of Utah. Mr. Speaker, I yield to the gentleman from Samoa (Mr. Faleomavaega).

(Mr. FALEOMAVAEGA asked and was given permission to revise and extend his remarks.)

Mr. FALEOMAVAEGA. Mr. Speaker, I met Mo Udall when I worked as a staff attorney on the Interior Committee in the 1970's. He was at his prime then, and as a leader in the House on the Interior Committee, he was a marvel to watch.

Mr. Speaker, as the Representative of our Pacific region, I can say without hesitation that Mo Udall's name is synonymous with the Pacific. He and his brother, the former Secretary of the Interior, Stewart Udall, were responsible for providing many needed Federal programs for the insular areas.

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Mr. Speaker, I regret very much the fact that the presence of this great son of Arizona is not going to grace us with his tremendous humor and great nature.

Mr. Speaker, Mo Udall represents to us all the real spirit of America, his love for his fellow man, his love for our Nation's environmental needs. Mr. Speaker, someone once said that, "Evil triumphs when good men do nothing." Mo Udall is a great exception to that axiom.

Mo Udall was a workaholic, spending 16 to 17 hours per day in the office, meeting with constituents, packaging important pieces of legislation affecting our Nation's well-being, a trait very much characteristic of Mo Udall's work ethic.

Mr. Speaker, Mo Udall's legislative achievements have been detailed by several other Members, but I, too, feel compelled to say again that his work in the areas of nuclear energy, public lands, national parks, and Indian affairs are unequaled I believe in the history of this great Chamber.

Mr. Speaker, in conclusion, I can say that I have considered Mo Udall a personal friend for over 10 years. Through his guidance he has provided our Nation with a legislative agenda that will carry us well into the next century. So while he may be retiring from active service with the House, his work will remain with us for many years to come.

Mr. OWENS of Utah. Mr. Speaker, Mo Udall was first elected to this body 30 years ago today. So we are met, first, to celebrate the anniversary of that election.

How is it possible that a man could serve in this body for 30 years, be a crusading and controversial idealogue who challenged its systems and perks, yet became one of its most productive and creative legislators, and finished his service without any enemy, thousands of devoted friends, and millions of admirers?

It doesn't explain the phenomenon of Mo Udall to say that he was a brilliant wit of unchallenged integrity who understood both man's frailties and mankinds's potential. All that it true, of course, but like everything else written and spoken, seems inadequate.

We are met this afternoon in this extraordinary special order, also to pay tribute upon his retirement, this weekend, of our colleague and friend Morris K. Udall, "Mo", who will retire from this house after 30 years of distinguished service.

The SPEAKER pro tempore (Mr. Andrews of New Jersey). Under a previous order of the House, the gentleman from Pennsylvania (Mr. Kostmayer) is recognized for 60 minutes.

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Mr. KOSTMAYER. Mr. Speaker, I yield to the gentleman from Arizona (Mr. Kyl).

Mr. KYL. Mr. Speaker, I thank the gentleman for yielding.

Mr. Speaker, this institution is losing an honorable and distinguished colleague in Mo Udall. But, my State of Arizona is losing something more: the dean of our delegation. That's why, Mr. Speaker, the Governor of Arizona has declared today, "Mo Udall Day."

Though the Republicans in our delegation have not always agreed with Mo Udall's political philosophy, we have all admired him for his sense of humor, his integrity, and always his willingness to be helpful to more junior Members. Those are important qualities from the perspective of those of us in the minority.

However, partisan interests rarely, if ever, became a factor when Arizona's interests were at stake. Our delegation also always stood united.

Mo retires from the House having left an unforgettable imprint on Arizona and the rest of the Nation. Millions of acres of land will forever be protected as wilderness. The Central Arizona Project is finally delivering water to and central and southern Arizona. The quality of life of native Americans has improved, though by no means enough to declare victory.

Mr. Speaker, Arizona has produced a number of political giants since statehood less than 80 years ago: Carl Hayden, Paul Fannin, Barry Goldwater, John Rhodes. And to that list the name of another giant: Mo Udall.

Mo, we're going to miss you, and we wish you all the best.

Mr. KOSTMAYER. Mr. Speaker, I yield to the gentleman from Guam (Mr. Blaz).

Mr. BLAZ. Mr. Speaker, I want to thank the gentleman from Pennsylvania for yielding me the time.

In this House of extraordinary men and women, one would think that it would be extremely difficult to single out a Member, and indeed it would be unless his name is Mo Udall.

For those of us from outside the continental United States who have long looked for a champion for our cause, many years ago we discovered that Mo Udall was going to be that champion. He seemed to excel in championing the causes of minorities, the native Americans and in our case the Americans from the territories.

I could go for an awful long time talking about Mo. But let me just cite an example of why he meant so much to us in the territories and to me in particular. When I came to the House as a freshman I became a Member of his Committee. In a particularly diffi-

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cult vote he asked me to join him. It was on nuclear energy. I had no difficulty giving him my word for my sense of the matter was compatible with his. But I had no idea that as the most junior Member that by the time they got to me, the vote would be 22 to 22 and I was to cast the final vote.

The Members of my party, the leadership of my party were hovering over me, saying nice things about me, and I looked at Mo. I looked at my Members of my party, and I finally cast my vote with Mo. Then I left the room quickly, went to my office, locked myself in, and the phone rang.

He said, "Ben, this is Mo." I said, "Hello, Mr. Chairman."

He said, "Ben, this is Mo." I said, "Hello, Mr. Chairman."

He said, "Dammit, Ben, this is Mo." I said, "Hello, Chairman Mo."

He said, "I watched you today. I would have understood if you had not kept your word, for the pressure was great and you are just a freshman." He said, "I have a lesson for you, sir. Around here a Member is judged by his word. Welcome to the Congress." And he hung up.

Oh, how I wanted to continue the conversation, but there was nothing for me to say. The man had welcomed me to the Congress.

Many years ago, in honor of his brother, the Virgin Islands named the easternmost portion of the United States Udall Point. Several years ago, I invited Mo and other Members to come to Guam, and in his honor we named a westernmost portion of the United States Udall Point in the Territory of Guam. In our own magnificent song, "Sea to Shining Sea," we replaced it with Udall Point to Udall Point, and fittingly so, for if you think of Mo you think of the length and breadth of all of America. And for those who wonder what an American looks like if you were not born in America, when you see Mo you say, "Well, that's what an American looks like."

Mo Udall is my personal hero in this Chamber. Mo Udall is my mentor. Mo Udall is also my tormentor at times, a man of wit, but above all, a man of true grit.

I thank the gentleman for the opportunity to say these words about my friend, Mo Udall.

Mr. KOSTMAYER. Mr. Speaker, I yield to the distinguished gentleman from Arkansas (Mr. Alexander).

Mr. ALEXANDER. Mr. Speaker, I thank the gentleman for yielding and for taking this time today for us to honor our friend and colleague, Mo Udall. It is a tribute that I make today to a friend and neighbor. His office is just down the hall from mine in the Cannon Office Building. I have known him since the day I ar-

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rived here 23 years ago, and of course all of us know Mo Udall for his wit and for his wisdom.

It was just 2 weeks ago that Mo said to several of us that on down the line, after he recovers, and on further, when he passes on, that he wants to be buried in Chicago so that he can stay active in politics.

Mo's wit is legendary, even during his time, and, indeed, he has been active in politics during the time that he has served here.

My colleagues before me have described his efforts to reform this institution. It was during my first term in 1970 when he led the first legislative reform act that occurred in this institution since the 1920's before then, and my recollection is 1924. That was the preview of coming attractions in 1974 which, of course, reorganized the power structure within the House of Representatives that opened up the process of power for all of those less than the rank of chairman that hold power today, positions of responsibility today.

We all admire his legislative efforts for he led many, many initiatives on this floor that resulted in such laws being enacted as the establishment of the Wilderness Act. It was Mo and those who voted with him that represented the public interest. It is easy to represent the private interests, the special interests, the interests that we all know ebb and flow in the Halls of Congress, but to stand up and represent the birds and the bees and the fishes in the sea is, indeed, admirable, especially during these times when during the decade of the 1980's it is said by most observers that greed became a national virtue.

So Mo, you got here just in time to provide some good laws and some good legislation for the public interest before the decade of the 1980's set in.

During his candidacy for President in 1976, I worked for him. I volunteered right off just like all who knew him, and he managed to attract the largest crowd of attendees to a political event ever before assembled in the First Congressional District in 1976. Thousands of people came out to hear Mo Udall for President.

One person who knows him well and who knows Congress well that has observed political comings and goings in Washington for a long time observed that if Mo Udall had been elected President that America would be a much, much better nation because of it and that is because he did address the public interest during his time. He addressed issues that are important to the Nation, issues that needed to be resolved.

As we know, there are many, many, many issues that are begging for leadership and for resolution that languish because of the lack of national leadership to address those concerns that beset

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this Nation and concern those of us who are concerned about these issues.

Many times when people retire, people go on to say that, "Well, his time had come, and that time was enough," but I would say to Mo Udall that 30 years is not enough. I regret his retirement, but I wish him well. I wish Mo and his family good health and Godspeed. We all love you. Please keep in touch with us, and we will be keeping in touch with you.

Mr. KOSTMAYER. Mr. Speaker, I yield to the distinguished gentleman from Nevada (Mr. Bilbray).

Mr. BILBRAY. Mr. Speaker, I thank the gentleman for yielding.

Mr. Speaker, when I came to Congress just a few years ago in 1987, I took my oath of office, and, you know, we go into a Democratic caucus, and in that Democratic caucus we elect the chairman of all the committees, and one thing that I noticed was a lot of chairmen received votes against them. You cannot serve around here very much without making some people a little angry at you. But when the votes came down for chairman of the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs, it was unanimous. Not one person cast a vote against Mo Udall as chairman of that committee. That impressed me, as a freshman.

As I worked with Mo over these last 5 years, I became more impressed. I had become first acquainted with Mo Udall in 1972 when I managed to beat a Democratic incumbent in the Democratic primary and was the nominee of my party. I was assigned by then Speaker Carl Albert, Mo Udall as my big brother, and he advised me from long distance from both Washington and Arizona in Nevada about my campaign. Unfortunately, that campaign did not work out too well, and I did not get here until 1987, a long campaign.

But Mo Udall was always cooperative, was always available to not only those Congressmen who had been here for 5, 10, 15 terms; he was also available to those who were here just for a few days. He was always there for advice.

When I had constituents from my district who would call up and say they were coming out on public-lands matters and matters that involved the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs, you could never worry that Mo Udall would not find time to talk to them. He would sit them in that office with all his Indian paraphernalia all around him, and he would generally start telling them stories. Most of my constituents left never asking the question they came to ask because they were so enthralled with the stories Mo Udall had to tell them. After they got out in the Hall, they said, "Gee, we never got to the point we came for." But they were always im-

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pressed by his willingness to listen to their problems and to relate with them and try to cooperate in the many things they did.

As my good friend, the gentleman from Arizona (Mr. Kyl), has stated, you know, many States do not have truly great people. Arizona seems to produce some of those greatest ones, from Carl Hayden, Barry Goldwater, Jay Rhodes, Paul Fannin, as he mentioned, but none in the history of that State will ever be the equal of our chairman, and I call him Chairman Udall and I will always call him that forever. The greatness of Mo Udall will stand out as a bright, shining story in the State of Arizona and the United States of America and in this House.

Mr. KOSTMAYER. Mr. Speaker, I yield to the gentleman from Massachusetts (Mr. Moakley).

Mr. MOAKLEY. Mr. Speaker, all of us here today are familiar with the enormous accomplishments of Congressman Mo Udall. We have all heard of his outstanding intelligence his quick, self-depreciating wit, his earnestness as a public interest politician and his dedication to the House of Representatives. Some of us were lucky enough to experience Mo's strength of character firsthand dealing with him as he forged the Nation's agenda for protecting wildlife or just being lucky enough to be in his presence as he told one of his famous jokes.

While it was impossible not to be impressed as he towered over you from 6 feet 4 inches it was the power of this intellect and sincerity of his vision that really made Mo awe-inspiring. It was that sincerity, earnestness, and instinct-to-lead that inspired Mo to stand tall in the Wrangell Mountains 20 years ago looking over 100 million acres of wildernesss and exclaim, "I want it all." He took that spirit to Washington and fought for it all every day he was here sometimes succeeding sometimes not but always changing this institution and this country, and for the better.

His most visible and publicized successes were his actions as chairman of the Interior and Insular Affairs Committee. But Mo did even more. Before coming to Congress he played pro basketball having overcome the handicap of losing an eye in his childhood. Less than 10 years after arriving here in Washington he boldly contested the seniority system of the House and in one fell swoop changed the apparatus by which we elect our party leaders. That brave manuever yielded him no official position and certainly rubbed many powerful people the wrong way. But, today, I and all the other Members of Congress benefit from those selfless actions of Mo Udall. He was tireless at doing what was right.

Mo Udall served a distinguished career, one that should be a role model for present and future Members of Congress. He had the au-

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dacity to try the foresight to lead, and a sense of humor that allowed him to move through difficult times with elegence and grace.

I will miss Mo Udall, and I hope that we continue to honor him beyond today, by continuing to follow his lead, and emulating his outstanding example.

Mr. KOSTMAYER. Mr. Speaker, I yield to the gentleman from New York (Mr. McHugh).

Mr. McHUGH. Mr. Speaker, I thank my friend, the gentleman from Pennsylvania, for yielding and for taking this time so that we can honor our dear friend and colleague, Mo Udall.

We all recognize that when the definitive history of Congress is written and the careers of great legislators are recounted, Mo Udall will be prominently featured.

Many others have referred to his extraordinary legislative leadership in this House for over 30 years on issues such as environmental protection, energy, civil service reform, and many others. In my early years in Congress I had the opportunity to serve on the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs. Mo was serving as chairman at that time, and was a great learning experience for me.

One of my fondest memories as a young Member of Congress is of serving on the subcommittee dealing with Alaska lands. Mo Udall, John Seiberling, Don Young, I and others took a trip to Alaska in the summer of 1977 to make some determinations as to how some of the difficult issues relating to Alaska would be resolved. This was the largest public land issue in the history of our country; over 100 million acres of unspoiled land in Alaska would have to be allocated for different purposes. It was one of those issues which brought out disparate interests who fought very hard for their particular concerns. Mo Udall, although he was chairman, involved himself deeply in that fight and, in those complex issues. He was able to reconcile many of those disparate interests in a fair and balanced way, which was reflective of how he operated as a Member of Congress and as an individual.

As others have said, he was one of the original institutional reformers. I came to Congress in the Watergate class of 1974, and we took great pride in our efforts to reform and open up the House of Representatives. There was a certain arrogance, perhaps, in that class, because we were naively of the view that we were the first reformers. The truth is that there were people here before us who had fought under much more difficult circumstances with less political consensus behind them in the country, for the kind of reforms which we promoted when we arrived.

Most prominent of those early reformers was Mo Udall. He was an inspiration and a hero to many Members when we got here.

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As all Members realize, there was much more to Mo Udall than his legislative craftsmanship and leadership. He was a very special person. He has an extraordinary blend of human qualities. He is not just an intelligent man with fine political skills. He has a sense of our country as a whole, a sense of our national community, what might be called a vision, a vision that recognizes the diversity of our people, but one that is also sensitive to those values and aspirations which bind our citizens together as a nation. We saw this most dramatically and effectively in his Presidential campaign.

Like others, I was privileged to have the opportunity to campaign for Mo, because I knew him, his qualities and his vision, and I believed that they would serve our country most effectively. He ran a very fine campaign. He had the second largest number of delegates in the 1976 Democratic race. He would have been an extraordinary President. When his quest for the Presidency did not succeed, he returned to this House with the same extraordinary qualities, vision, and leadership which we celebrate today.

Mo Udall is a thoroughly decent person, a person who has genuine concern for the most vulnerable people in our society. It was for those people that he fought most strongly in this House. He is a thoroughly honest man, a model of ethics in this institution.

Of course, as others have said, he was and is a genuinely warm and humorous person. How many Members have approached Mo when they had to give a speech at home, and were looking for the appropriate story to tell? Mo always seemed to have one. He wrote a book incorporating just a fraction of the stories which he shared with us, and I know it occupies a place of honor on our shelves and is often consulted.

Mo Udall has been an example and an inspiration for Members, for those Members especially who have had the privilege to serve with him. He has been an example as a legislator, as a friend, and as a warm and decent human being. Even in recent years, when he has been suffering so deeply from his illness, he provided inspiration and example because of the dignity with which he coped with his debilating disease.

We are sorry to see Mo leave this House. We understand the reasons why he is retiring. In extending our love to him, we will always cherish his contributions, his career, and, most especially, his warm personal friendship.

Mr. KOSTMAYER. Mr. Speaker, I yield to the gentleman from Washington (Mr. Foley).

Mr. FOLEY. Mr. Speaker, I thank the gentleman for yielding. I wish to take this opportunity to join with others in expressing our admiration for the service of Mo Udall. His 30 years in the House

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of Representatives have distinguished this body and distinguished the profession of public service. Those who have had a chance, as I have, to know him and to serve with him have a sense of great gratitude to Mo. More than any other Member I have served with, Mo has brought grace, affection, and humor to a political process that is often sorely lacking in all three.

From his election on May 2, 1961, to replace his brother, Stewart, who had been appointed Secretary of the Interior by President Kennedy, Mo served as a Congressman from Arizona's Second District. He served in a way that gave all Members who served with him a sense of pride, satisfaction, and appreciation.

He has overcome more than his share of individual personal problems. In his career in the House there were also many disappointments. He ran for Speaker of the House and lost in 1969. He ran for majority leader in 1972, and again was disappointed. He ran for the Democratic Party's nomination for President in 1976 and, as has been mentioned many times on the floor tonight, ran second in seven consecutive primaries, to the eventual nominee and President, Jimmy Carter.

It is, of course, interesting to speculate as to what would have happened if a few votes had changed in those primaries and Mo has become the nominee and President of the United States. Certainly Mo Udall would have been a great credit to our party, as President Carter was. He would have had an opportunity as President to rebut the suggestion of James Kilpatrick that he was too funny to be President. His political wit and wisdom were always used to disarm, and usually to kindly disarm his adversaries and opponents. He would have had the opportunity to press forward with his values and principles. He would have had an opportunity, perhaps, in a greater way than almost any President in recent memory may have had, to advance with humor and wit and grace those values which were dear to his heart and close to his commitment in public life.

Those were values of peace and concern for average citizens and their lives, their struggles; a concern for the protection of the physical environment; a concern with reform in Government. He was an early reformer of this House, as the gentleman from New York (Mr. McHugh) has just noted. He was, as Members who worked with him know, glad for the contributions of the gentleman from Pennsylvania (Mr. Kostmayer) and the gentleman from New York and others in that famous class of 1974. And I will not comment on the suggestion of Mr. McHugh that his own class was guilty of arrogance. They were certainly welcome, in their numbers, in following Mo's lead toward reform and renewal of this institution. We

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Addresses and Special Orders Held in the U.S. House of Representatives and the Senate, Presented in Honor of The Honorable Morris K. "Mo" Udall, A Representative from Arizona, One Hundred Second Congress, First Session
Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1993