(Proceedings in the House: Part 5 of 10)
in instances when it needed to be challenged, for his hard work in preserving and protecting the natural beauty of the American landscape, for his integrity, for his humor.

However, Mr. Speaker, I remember most of all his personal kindness, and, having voted for him in 1976, not knowing him, and then getting to know him, I was glad I voted for him because I think very often in politics, as I suppose in other professions, people are not always what they seem to be. Mo Udall was what he seemed to be.

He seemed to be superficially kind and gentle and sensitive and understanding, and when you got to know him, you found out that it was not superficial, that he really was that way.

I think that in our lives there are a great many things that we regret, but we never regret being kind to other people. And that will always be, I think, one of his most outstanding features, his personal kindness.

So while we regret his departure from the House, we wish him Godspeed, we wish him a speedy recovery. He will always be in our hearts.

Mr. MILLER of California. Mr. Speaker, with the resignation of our colleague Mo Udall from the House of Representatives last Friday, we have all lost a national treasure.

Mo has been a close friend and mentor since I first came to the Congress in 1975. For many Members of Congress, he served as a peerless role model: A leader of unassailable integrity, matchless wit, real compassion, and a determination to always do the right thing.

There have been so many landmarks in Mo's career, it is difficult to know where to begin to recount them.

He was a leader in the reform of Congress at a time when such efforts were not appreciated by Members or the public. He was an early critic of the Vietnam war, and he fought tirelessly on behalf of civil rights.

But it is his record as chairman of the Interior Committee where Mo has left his greatest mark. He has had no peer in our lifetime for placing and keeping environmental protection on the front burner of American public policy. Indeed, he joins a small pantheon of Americans--Theodore Roosevelt, Harold Ickes, John Muir, Phillip Burton--who have shaped the modern conservation and environmental movements.

Every day, somewhere in the United States, someone is rafting, canoeing, fishing, hiking, or camping on land that was, in one way or another, touched by Mo Udall.

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Somewhere in the United States, there is wilderness or wildlands that have been preserved for this and future generations by Mo Udall.

Our National Park System is today twice as big as it was because Mo Udall made it happen.

He cared greatly, and worked hard, on behalf of American Indians and the people of America's territories. Mo fought on their behalf for improved education, health, and welfare.

For nearly 30 years, Mo was in the middle of virtually every major legislative battle that faced the Congress and the Nation. War and peace, civil unrest, civil rights, ethics, campaign reform, health care, gun control, immigration, nuclear energy, and of course, the environment. His effectiveness, his integrity, and his leadership won him the admiration of Members on both sides of the aisle, and throughout America.

Future generations will talk about what a Member of Congress should be--how they should conduct themselves, how they should approach an issue, how they should deal with their colleagues, how they should serve their constituents, how they can do the best for their State and their country. Those future generations need only point to Mo Udall and say, "That's how it should be done."

Perhaps Mo's greatest legacy will be the legacy of laughter. In an institution and profession not reknowned for self-deprecation and genuine humor, Mo never lost his wit or his optimism.

Mo kept a quotation from Will Rogers on his office wall. More than anything, it summed up his career as a public servant and his philosophy.

"We come here for just a spell and then pass on," Rogers wrote. "So get a few laughs and do the best you can. Live your life so that when you lose, your are ahead."

For those of us who served with him on the Interior Committee, who worked with him in the Congress, and who supported his campaign for President in 1976, his career has set an extraordinary standard for public service, for commitment to ideals, and for effectiveness.

I will deeply miss Mo's advice and counsel on a daily basis in the Congress. I know that every Member of this body joins me in wishing Mo improved health and much happiness in retirement, and in thanking him for his innumerable contributions to making Congress and America better by having served with us and inspired us to carry on his legacy.

Ms. PELOSI. Mr. Speaker, I join with my colleagues in celebrating Morris K. Udall and the 30 years that he has devoted to this

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institution, an institution whose stature has grown because of his leadership.

We are fortunate, here in the House of Representatives, to have been graced with a long list of outstanding, effective, and capable leaders whose commitment to public service has benefited the entire Nation. Mo Udall leads this list. His tireless efforts to improve the House as an institution, to serve his constituents, and to define, shape, and demand honesty and integrity in national policy debates set an exemplary standard for us all. Think of what this Nation could be if we all had the fortitude, the moral conviction, and the sheer courage of Mo Udall.

When I think of Mo, so many wonderful images come to mind. He is probably best known for his work on preserving our Nation's wilderness. The name Mo Udall is now synonymous with wilderness. Because of Mo, thousands of acres of our Nation's natural heritage are preserved for the enjoyment of future generations. His resolute stand on Alaska symbolizes the strength of his convictions. Against all odds and some very formidable opponents, Mo Udall has never wavered from his commitment to Alaska.

While the environment has been top on the list of Mo Udall's accomplishments, it is by no means his only interest. Mo has dedicated his energy to many other national issues from campaign finance reform to civil service reform, and to other areas of concern for the Second District of Arizona.

I remember, after my election and before I was formally sworn into office, I visited the Interior Committee where a bill to create the San Francisco Maritime Park was being considered. Mo Udall left his committee post to welcome me to Congress and to express his support for what would become a new National Park unit in San Francisco. Mo's work is enjoyed and appreciated every day in my city. Given his energetic commitment over three decades in Congress, I believe that his work is being similarly enjoyed and appreciated in every congressional district in this country.

I cherish Mo's friendship, his unassuming way, his gracious manner, and his unmatchable wit. We have all benefited from his work, we will all miss him now that he is retiring. Mo Udall can proudly look on his congressional career knowing that he has made a real difference in the lives of the American people and that he has done it with grace, with style, with humor, and with integrity. He embodies the best of the public servant, the best of this institution, and the best of the American tradition.

Mr. ROE. Mr. Speaker, I wish to pay tribute to a man who has been an inspiration to all of the Members of the House and to everyone who has known him. Representative Morris K. Udall de-

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serves the profound and appreciative thanks of the Nation for three decades of oustanding public service.

I was touched by the Udall magic from the moment I arrived in Washington. After my election to Congress in the only special held in 1969, Mo Udall was the first Member to greet me. He was in his fifth term at the time, and he provided me with more than 2 hours of wisdom about Congress, Washington, and the world.

Mo Udall's resignation from the House becomes effective on May 4, but his achievements will be enduring. His accomplishments extend from the inner workings of the House to national politics to the Democratic Party to major environmental legislation, especially for the West which he has cherished so much. He will be long remembered for his insight, his wisdom, his understanding, and his enormous impact on our Nation.

Mo Udall is unmatched in the grace, dignity, and good humor with which he has lived his life, whether in good times or in adversity. He has confronted an illness which would have destroyed lesser men and not yielded an inch for more than a decade.

For several years, we worked closely together on issues relating to water resources. As always, he demonstrated remarkable knowledge of the issues, as well as a notable dedication to the preservation of our natural resources.

As chairman of the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs for 14 years, he left his mark on America. He was the moving force on legislation to protect wilderness areas, to protect Alaskan lands, to regulate the disposal of nuclear waste, and to restrict stripmining.

More than that was his enormous impact on an entire generation of Members in the House. It was not only through his forward-looking leadership on issues such as environmental protection, campaign reforms, and even foreign policy.

It was through the force of his personality. Mo Udall came to Congress to make a difference--and he showed the Members of the House how it could be done.

Since I came to the House 22 years ago, there have been vast changes in the way this House works. Mo Udall was responsible, directly and indirectly, for many of those changes.

The House and the Nation are vastly different--and better--places because of the tireless work of Mo Udall. I am proud to have Mo Udall as a friend and colleague. I regret that he has made the decision to leave the House. I wish Mo, his wife, Norma, and the rest of the Udall family all the best in the coming years.

Mrs. VUCANOVICH. Mr. Speaker, it is with great sadness that I rise today to say goodbye to my good friend and colleague Mo

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Udall. It was my honor to serve with him as a member of the Interior and Insular Affairs Committee since first coming to Congress in 1983.

While Mo and I did not always agree on the issues, I knew that I could always count on fair treatment and would be afforded an opportunity to make my case.

I had the opportunity to work closely with Mo on the nuclear waste issue, and despite the ultimate outcome Mo always dealt fairly with me and my constituents. He was the guilding force behind the original legislation to deal with the intractable problem of disposal of the Nation's high level nuclear waste. His work to craft a law that was palatable to all interests was a testament to his abilities as a legislator.

Mo always understood that other Members had constituents and interests to represent equal to his own. And because of his understanding of why we are all here he understood how to make the system work for us all.

Mo Udall was a gentleman with a gentle touch and I will miss him greatly.

Mr. NEAL of Massachusetts. Mr. Speaker, it is an honor to take part in this special order for our friend and colleague, Morris K. Udall. I thank you, Mr. Speaker, and Congressman Owens for reserving this time for a man who richly deserves not only our thanks, but the thanks of all Americans. Although Mo Udall will retire from this Chamber in a few days, his legacy and his influence will not soon pass.

To my mind there are several "Mo Udalls" known to us here and people around the country. There is Mo Udall, the 16-term Congressman from Arizona who often proudly held the flag of progressive ideas in an area that has grown increasingly conservative. There is Mo Udall, the ardent environmentalist, who warned of the dangers our Earth faced long before anyone heard of "Earth Day." There is Mo Udall, the chairman of the Interior Committee, one of the best friends our national parks have ever had. There is Mo Udall, champion of the rights of native Americans, again well before Indian matters had the attention of this Congress.

There is Mo Udall, the 1976 Presidential candidate who brought such honest debate of important issues to that campaign. We all miss those days, before 30-second "attack ads," when Mo Udall and other candidates would have real debates on the national agenda. There is Mo Udall, the great humorist who always had a great line on the pressing matter of the day. His humor, often suffused with a large dose of truth, made the serious debates of this House a bit easier. Mo Udall is the spiritual descendant of Will Rogers and

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Adlai Stevenson, a man he often quotes, and he continues to add to the great American tradition of political humor. Mo titled his autobiography "Too Funny To Be President," but he was never too funny to be effective. We need his light touch around here more than ever. Mo Udall's message is always worth hearing and humor is often his vehicle for effectively delivering that message.

Finally, there is Mo Udall, a man of tremendous character. His biography, right from his youth, is studded with health problems, that would have knocked a lesser person out of the game. These problems; the loss of an eye, spinal meningitis, a burst appendix, peritonitis, and Parkinson's disease, did not stop Mo Udall, in fact, he often found humor in his health problems. It is regrettable that Mo's Parkinson's disease has caused him to go into retirement. However, we can all learn from his courageous battle against this disease and we all wish him a speedy recovery from his current problems, associated with the fall he took at home.

Mr. Speaker, I have only had the honor of serving a little more than 2 years with Mo Udall, but I feel that he has taught me a great deal about serving in Congress. Democrats and Republicans alike love to recount Mo Udall stories'--they have become part of the lore of the Congress. We will all continue to look to Mo for advice and inspiration. I join my colleagues in wishing Mo, his wife Norma, and everyone in his family the best in the years ahead.

Mr. MILLER of Ohio. Mr. Speaker, I want to join with my House colleagues today on this special occasion to honor the dedicated service of our good friend, Mo Udall of Arizona. As we all know, Mo will be retiring this Saturday, May 4, 1991, from the House of Representatives after nearly 30 years of outstanding service to this Nation as a Member of Congress. He will be greatly missed. A great deal will be said here today in fitting tribute to a man of immense integrity and absolute honor, but it can all be boiled down to the simple fact that he, and his exceptional leadership, humor, and work ethic, will be greatly missed. We will rightly praise his legislative contributions and his astute ability to look ahead with regard to legislation of great benefit to the Nation. In the end, our collective praise will add up to how much we will miss Mo -- after we fully realize how much Mo has given us all.

It has been reported that Mo kept a plaque near his desk containing a quote from Will Rogers. The quote read:

We come here for just a spell and then pass on. So get a few laughs and do the best you can. Live your life so that whenever you lose, you are ahead.

Mo Udall was always ahead. His legislative achievements are as monumental as they are legendary and long lasting. His preserva-

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tion efforts for America's wilderness, especially Alaskan territory, have assured generations of Americans access to treasured park and wilderness lands for years to come. More than 100 million acres of Alaskan wilderness have been preserved and protected as a direct result of his leadership. We have scenic rivers and outstanding parks all across this great Nation, thanks to Mo Udall--Chairman Udall. And, always, in the pursuit of his legislative agenda, he exemplified grace, good humor, and vision. We, his House friends and associates, were the immediate recipients of his skill and friendship.

I commend those responsible for this special occasion today. In reality, our appreciation for Mo will extend far beyond this time and place. We wish Mo the very best in retirement. As I noted at the beginning of my remarks, and reiterate now: He will be greatly missed.

Mr. MRAZEK. Mr. Speaker, it is with a heavy heart that I rise today to pay tribute to one of the great conservationists of our time, Mo Udall.

I had the distinct honor to travel to Alaska with Chairman Udall in 1987. We visited small fishing villages in southeast Alaska as well as much of the arctic region, from Prudhoe Bay to the coastal plain. At every stop we made, Mo Udall received a hero's welcome, as if he had represented the State for years.

In essence, he has. Mo Udall has championed the preservation of Alaska's wildlands for over 2 decades. He spearheaded the passage of the Alaska Lands Act (ANILCA) and provided the necessary leadership to enable Congress to pass the Tongass Timber Reform Act last year. In addition, he has been the undisputed leader on wilderness designations, legislation to settle historic Indian water rights claims, as well as the Central Arizona Project.

I am sure no one will quite fill the void that Mo Udall's retirement will leave. His unparalleled sense of humor and commitment to public service is virtually unmatched in this body. He has garnered the respect of the American people as an outstanding voice for the protection of public lands and has served his Arizona constituents well. And, of course, his effort to obtain the Democratic Presidential nomination in 1976 further enhanced his national reputation.

I am truly honored to have served in the House with Mo Udall. His compassion and gift for compromise has taught me a great deal. In addition, I would like to acknowledge Mo's dedicated satff, who among them have decades of experience, and who have been most helpful to me with regard to my efforts in Alaska.

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This week, I introduced the Morris K. Udall Wilderness Act of 1991 (H.J. Res. 239) as a tribute to Mo's conservation leadership and his tireless work on behalf of the wilderness of Alaska. House Joint Resolution 239 would designate the arctic coastal plain as wilderness. As we are all aware, Mo has worked for years to maintain this area in its natural, pristine condition in perpetuity. It would certainly be an appropriate tribute to Mo Udall to pass this legislation in his honor.

Mr. DWYER of New Jersey. Mr. Speaker, I would like to thank my colleagues for arranging this special order today so that we may honor our colleague, Mo Udall, and celebrate his contributions to our Nation and this institution.

In "Markings," Dag Hammarskjold writes:

    Never look down to test the ground before taking your next step; only he who keeps his eye on the far horizon will find his right road.
Mo Udall's resignation from this body marks the end of a 30-year journey to discover his "right road" -- a journey of learning, of growth, of disappointment and, most important, of renewed purpose.

Many of my colleagues have served longer with Mo than I have. Many of you have worked more closely with him. Yet, it is my sense that Mo was transformed by his journey--moving from an upstart reformer pressing for changes in the House seniority system to a little known Presidential candidate to a respected legislator and much admired senior Member of this institution.

Unarguably, Mo has put his imprint on a wide range of environmental bills, working long before it was fashionable to preserve America's wilderness areas for future generations and to protect the unique environment and wildlife of Alaska.

I, however, will always cherish the special demeanor that Mo possessed: the grace with which he conducted himself, his disarming humor, especially his ability to poke fun at himself--something that's often missing these days from this institution, and his courage and spirit.

Looking back, Mo appears to have found his "right road," to the benefit of this body and the Nation.

Mr. NAGLE. Mr. Speaker, I would like to join my colleagues in paying tribute to the long years of distinguished service and leadership of our colleague, Mr. Udall of Arizona.

Others have spoken of the legislative monuments he leaves behind as he closes that distinguished career. Those monuments, like Mr. Udall himself, are, indeed, towering. His legislative

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achievements have been of historic proportions and will long be remembered by a grateful nation.

Today, however, I want to talk about some other monuments, some different kinds of monuments, Mr. Udall fashioned over the years.

As you know, my home State, Iowa begins the Presidential delegate selection process every 4 years. In 1976, when Mr. Udall sought the Democratic Presidential nomination, Iowans came to know him well as he campaigned across our State.

Even though that campaign was 15 years ago, I can tell you today, there are few national political figures held in higher esteem, and frankly, few more loved by Democratic Party activists in Iowa than Mr. Udall.

In my State, we will long remember his many accomplishments on behalf of our environment and natural resources, but the monuments we will cherish the most are the warm and lasting friendships so many of us in Iowa were able to form with one of the true legislative giants of our time.

Mr. SHARP. Mr. Speaker, when Mo Udall retires from the House tomorrow, this institution will have lost one of its greatest resources.

Mo is much more than a good friend to us. He has been a source of leadership. New Members as well as those who have spent years in the House could always count on Mo to be a source of advice and counsel. Knowledgeable in not only the technical ways of the Congress but in its human dimensions, Mo was always accessible, helpful, and insightful.

His sense of humor is legendary. Few of us have worked in this intense and at times difficult environment for so long and been able to retain that special sense of balance that allows us--on good days and rough ones--to smile at the end of the day. No matter how pitched the legislative battle, Mo could always find inner peace and put things into perspective -- a perspective that frequently brought former legislative adversaries together in laughter. His demeanor has been a source of inspiration for us.

When Chairman Udall retires tomorrow, his retirement will have a profound impact on us, the Interior Committee he led so well, the Congress, and the Nation. A tireless worker for a better environment and maintaining the pristine quality of our national parks and public lands even when environmentalism was a neglected word, this Congress and the Nation owes a huge debt to Mo Udall. He is one of a kind, a unique and compassionate leader--and he is my very good friend. We will miss him greatly.

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Mr. GUARINI. Mr. Speaker, I rise today to bid farewell to a friend and colleague, Congressman Morris Udall. His tenure will long be remembered by those who love this institution, for he was truly a giant of a man. Congress is losing one of its best, a man whose career as a lawmaker is marked by the highest degree of excellence, achievement, and integrity.

Throughout his career, Mo dedicated his efforts to one of the most pressing areas of national concern: preserving our precious environment. As chairman of the Interior Committee, Mo Udall led the fight for the Alaska lands bill, legislation that is considered by many to be the most significant conservation measure of this century. He was also responsible for writing the Strip-Mining Reclamation Act of 1977, and guiding the landmark Nuclear Waste Management Policy Act to law in 1982. Americans owe a great debt to this man who worked so hard to protect America's wilderness and ensure the preservation of the environment.

Mo's achievements in the area of campaign finance reform have helped promote the quality and integrity of our form of Government. Mo was the chief sponsor of the historic Campaign Finance Reform Act of 1974, and he continued to be an active participant in campaign reform discussions, keeping a watchful eye on changes in American politics. Campaign finance reform is an issue filled with controversy. But controversy never stopped Mo Udall from following through with what he believed in. Our political process is better today than yesterday thanks to his tireless work.

In these and many other ways, Mo Udall has served and helped the people of the Second District of Arizona, the citizens of the United States, and his fellow Members of Congress. I join all his friends in wishing Mo well.

A lot has been said about Mo's humor and everyone has their favorite story or joke that was told to them by Mo Udall. He once wrote a book entitled "Too Funny To Be President." But he had more than just a sense of humor. He had style to go along with his wit and he will be sorely missed.

Mo Udall is one of America's outstanding heros, a great credit to the Nation and this institution. Our lives have all been enriched because they were touched by Mo Udall.

Mr. LAGOMARSINO. Mr. Speaker, they say you can tell a lot about a man by his friends. In Mo Udall's case, that says it all, because his friends are legion.

Few people in the public eye have more friends than Mo. His vast repository of friends ranges from presidents to pages, cowboys to kings. They inhabit igloos and teepees, castles and condominiums. He is universally liked and admired.

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Addresses and Special Orders Held in the U.S. House of Representatives and the Senate, Presented in Honor of The Honorable Morris K. "Mo" Udall, A Representative from Arizona, One Hundred Second Congress, First Session
Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1993