(Proceedings in the House: Part 6 of 10)
Over the many years and countless hours that I've spent with Mo in 1324 Longworth--the Interior Committee hearing room, with its ornate ceiling and wonderfully evocative paintings of Plains Indians and buffaloes--I have grown to admire Mo's legislative acumen, his fairness, and unfailing sense of humor, and most of all, his boundless humanity.

He is a man who was spared the burdens of the Presidency, but in the process of running made millions of new friends and admirers. The White House's loss was the House's gain, in my view. I might add that it was Arizona's gain, and California's gain, and Alaska's gain as well--every State and person who cares about the great outdoors.

Mo has done as much to promote the sensible stewardship of our Nation's abundant natural resources as any Member of this body. His name is synonymous with the Alaska National Lands Act, the Strip Mine Control Act and dozens of other landmark measures. His skills as a negotiator, his ability to hammer out workable compromises with competing interests, are testimony to his all-encompassing point of view. Mo sees the merit in every argument and every man. It was probably this reasonableness which cost him the Presidency.

Although we are of differing parties, I have never regarded Mo as a partisan politician. He is an American, a westerner, and a man of his word--and that's good enough for me. I regard him as a true friend.

Mr. Speaker, few men leave as memorable a mark on this House as Mo Udall. I know that every time I sit in 1324 Longworth and glance at Mo's portrait on the back wall, I will think of him, doing what he loved best, doing the business of the people. I can think of no finer tribute. Thank you, Mo, from all your friends. And Mo, all the best for the future for you, your wife, Norma, and all of your family.

Mr. SOLOMON. Mr. Speaker, we are taking this time today to honor one of the greatest and most esteemed Members to ever serve in this great House. But, in a very real sense, I think it has been Mo Udall who has honored us all these past 30 years. His career of service touched and enriched the life of this institution in a way that has been equaled by few other people in history.

I first met Mo in Albany, NY, in 1976. He was campaigning for President, and he stopped by the New York State Capitol Building to address the State assembly. Mo was representing the opposite political party, of course, but I came away from that meeting immensely impressed by his integrity, his candor, and, of course, his wit.

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Two-and-a-half years later, I came to Washington as a freshman Member of Congress, and I had the opportunity to get better acquainted with Mo. All of us who know him will always remember his fairness and his willingness to go the extra mile in helping any Member achieve something worthwhile for our country.

I mentioned a moment ago that Mo comes from the other party from mine, but the elder statesman of my party, Barry Goldwater--"Mr. Republican," "Mr. Conservative"--has said many times that Mo Udall is the finest man he has ever met in public life. I am sure that we all can say that.

And so we meet today, not to offer a eulogy, but to express our thanks. Thank you, Mo, for your life of service which has brought such dignity to the craft of politics. Yours has been an uncommon example of courage, honesty, and adherence to principle. We should all hold ourselves to that high standard.

Good luck, Mo, and thanks for all you did for America.

Mr. McMILLEN of Maryland. Mr. Speaker, I rise today to join with my colleagues in honoring a man who served this House so nobly for decades, and who is retiring this week. The Honorable Mo Udall resigned from the House of Representatives this week after nearly 30 years of service. I had the good fortune to know Mo in another capacity, both he and I were former professional basketball players. Along with Jack Kemp, Jim Bunning, and Bill Bradley, we formed the unofficial jock caucus on Capitol Hill. Not many people know that Mo was an accomplished player in the 1950's, before he hung up his sneakers for the world of public service.

There are very few people who worked in these buildings during the last three decades who did not know of his remarkable charm and legendary wit. But, behind this sense of humor, was an incredibly dedicated, hard working, and compassionate public servant. We all know of vital environmental legislation Mo pushed through the Congress, protecting the lands, the lakes, and the streams of the Nation.

Mo was fond of quotes, and often turned to Will Rogers for an appropriate line. In that vein, I'd like to note something that Rogers said in his autobiography:

    Shrewdness in Public Life all over the World is always honored, while honesty in Public Men is generally attributed to Dumbness and is seldom rewarded.
Mo Udall proved that wrong. He was a man who wore his honesty on his sleeve, no matter what the political consequences or personal sacrifice was required.
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I am sure we will all miss Mo Udall's presence in these Halls. More than that, the citizens of Arizona and the United States will miss this advocate of great and noble causes.

Ms. OAKAR. Mr. Speaker, 2 days from today, a giant of Congress will bid it adieu. Morris King (Mo) Udall will, because of failing health, step aside after honorably serving the House of Representatives and the constituents of the Second Congressional District of the State of Arizona for 30 years.

We are gathered here this afternoon to bring forth our own fond remembrances of this gentle giant. There are many. Mo Udall was a man who touched the hearts and minds of everyone with whom he came in contact. Mo has the great distinction of having literally thousands of friends. I think it is safe to say that he has 435 in this body alone.

I had the privilege of participating in a special tribute for Mo at the 1988 Democratic National Convention. Given the Democrats celebrated penchant for fighting and bickering, it was the one thing we all could unanimously agree on. We loved Mo.

It was not the first time this great human being was honored by his party or his colleagues. In 1984, he was honored by his colleagues as the most respected and most effective Member in the House of Representatives. I am pleased to say that great honor has not been tarnished one bit after 30 years of service to his country.

In a way this country is his country. Mo Udall literally was a lone voice crying in the wilderness when he passionately championed his environmental programs. But, because of his vision and his tenacity, untold generations will be able to enjoy the beauty and grandeur of vast expanses of wilderness, protected from the interests who would despoil nature's wonders. I think there could be no finer way to remember Mo Udall than to name one of our national parks after this gifted human being.

At the 1988 Democratic National Convention, in introducing Mo to the delegates, I referred to him as "perhaps the greatest lawmaker of our time." Today, the only change I would make in that introduction would be to eliminate the word "perhaps."

To the greatest lawmaker of our time, Mo Udall, I wish God's speed. His example embodies everything that is honorable and decent and good about this body. His legacy will be here long after all of us have gone our divergent ways. And that is the way it should be.

Mr. FORD of Michigan. Mr. Speaker, I am honored to join my distinguished colleagues in paying tribute to one of the legislative giants of our time--Mo Udall. Everything about Mo is big--his stature, his wisdom, his wit, his heart.

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Many will best remember Mo for his work on environmental issues. As chairman of the Interior Committee, Mo was deeply involved with legislation affecting public lands, national parks, and Indian affairs. Among his proudest achievements was the passage of the Alaska lands bill designating 104 million acres as national wilderness.

But I will remember Mo for our work on the Post Office and Civil Service Committee and the Franking Commission. Mo served on the Post Office and Civil Service Committee his entire 30 years in Congress and as the only chairman of the Franking Commission since its creation in 1974. I served on the Post Office and Civil Service Committee from 1967 to 1991, becoming chairman in 1981, and served on the Franking Commission since 1981.

Mo and I found ourselves on opposite sides on some of the major legislative proposals pending before the committee. We both played key roles in legislation to create the U.S. Postal Service and the Civil Service Reform Act. While we didn't see eye to eye--by any stretch of the imagination--on all of the issues, we were able to produce legislation that we could both support on the floor of the House.

Mr. Speaker, it has accurately been said that Mo Udall is one of Arizona's most valuable natural resources. For 30 years, Mo truly was one of the House of Representatives most valuable Members. I will miss him.

Mr. WEISS. Mr. Speaker, 2 weeks ago we learned something that we had long feared. Morris K. Udall, Representative of the Second District of Arizona for 30 years, is resigning from the House of Representatives.

It is testament to Mo Udall's political acumen, his self-deprecating sense of humor and kindness as a friend that the House of Representatives takes time today to honor him. I am privileged to participate in this special session.

Of course, those of us in the House who have served with Mo Udall over the years are well aware of his political achievements and warmth as an individual. They stand as tall in our eyes as his 6-foot-5-inch frame does.

As a liberal activist in the Democratic Party, he was a leader on environmental issues and a reformer of campaign finance. As chairman of the Interior Committee, he developed that committee into a champion of conservation and environmental causes.

But Mo Udall is more than a politician. Almost everyone who knows Mo Udall has a funny story to tell about him or have had an exchange with him that left a favorable impression.

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But what's indeed admirable about Mo Udall--what should really leave an impression--is that he was not afraid to be a leader and, more importantly, not afraid to fail. He ran for the Democratic Presidential nominee in 1976 and lost in a close race. He ran for majority leader in the House and failed to gain that position.

Despite those setbacks, and personal setbacks, Mo never lost his sense of humor, he never lost sight of who he was, or what he was about. That's the mark of a great leader.

For those of us honoring him today, we should recall that characteristic.

But Morris Udall is not resigning from the House because his work is done here. Everyone who knows Mo knows he is a fighter. He is resigning because a personal illness no longer permits him to serve. Although I am saddened that the House will be losing his leadership and wit, I wish him well in a speedy recovery. Suffice it to say it will be impossible to fill his large shoes.

In honoring Morris K. Udall, I think it is appropriate to remember a bit of his outlook on life. That outlook is expressed well in quote by Will Rogers that is kept near his desk.

We are here for just a spell and then pass on. So get a few laughs and do the best you can. Live your life so that whenever you lose you are ahead.

Mr. SMITH of Florida. Mr. Speaker, starting this week, the House will laugh a bit less because Mo Udall is resigning.

As a 30-year Member of this body, Mo has led the House of Representatives and the Nation with his self-effacing humor and his strong convictions. He was a leader in opposing the Vietnam war before it was popular to do so. He became a leader in raising the ethical standards of Government ethics before it was a political necessity. He led the fight for the preservation of our environment before Earth Day was a televised event. Mo always seemed to know what was best for America even before America, leading instead of being lead.

What will I remember most about Mo? Clearly, the direction he gave this body as chairman of the Interior and Insular Affairs Committee cannot be forgotten. The unifying role he provided the Democratic Party as keynote speaker at the 1980 Democratic Convention will also stand tall in my memory. However, what I will remember most about Mo is not the proud, intelligent legislative record he leaves behind, but his warm friendship and his shining humor.

Perhaps my favorite story he told me deals with a little girl who is saying her prayers before moving. The girl says:

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"Now I lay me down to sleep, I pray the Lord my soul to keep. God bless Mommy, Daddy, Grandma, and sister.... And now, good-bye God ... we're going to Washington."

We are all very lucky Mo Udall came to Washington. He was certainly funny, but not too funny to be one of the best legislators our Nation has ever had. He will be sorely missed.

Mr. COLEMAN of Texas. Mr. Speaker, I would like to add my thoughts in tribute of a good friend and southwestern neighbor, Mo Udall. Representative Udall took me under his wing during my freshman term, teaching me the ins and outs of Capitol Hill.

I will remember Representative Udall as a strong supporter of United States-Mexico relations, and I know he will miss the opportunity to vote on our future trading relationship with Mexico. In 1983, he helped in the formation of the border caucus, and has been an active member during the last 8 years.

He is rightly championed as a dedicated conservationist, who will be remembered for his leadership of the Interior Committee, which, through the years, has tried to remain true to the Earth. Mo is a noted authority on the United States' land and energy resources and is deeply involved with legislation affecting nuclear energy, public lands, national parks, and Indian affairs. This year, for example, Representative Udall introduced legislation to expand Alaskan wilderness areas.

His legacy will include his leadership in the Alaska lands bill, probably the most important conservation measure of the century and the 1977 Strip-Mining Reclamation Act. In 1984, he wrote the law which designated over 1 million acres of land in Arizona as wilderness. He loves the outdoors, something those of us from the desert Southwest share.

The environment has not been his only interests, however. He has served as a member of the Foreign Affairs Committee and the Post Office and Civil Service Committee. He has been a leader of the Democratic Party, sponsoring the 1974 Campaign Finance Reform Act and in 1984 served on the Hunt Commission.

The most important thing that Mo Udall taught me, however, was how to retain a sense of humor while the wolves are pounding at the door. His wit will remain with all of us; after all, how many of us could write a book entitled "Too Funny To Be President?" That was not the only book he wrote, we will remember him as the author of "Education of a Congressman" and "The Job of the Congressman" the unofficial primer on the inner workings of Congress.

I am sorry to see my friend, my neighbor, and mentor leave his seat in the U.S. Congress, but I know I will be able to cherish the few years I was able to share his wit, enthusiasm and knowledge.

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Mr. YATES. Mo Udall is one of the great, good men of this House and his retirement is a sad event. We have been close friends for many years and I can only say that I will miss him very, very much.

Mo makes us proud to be citizens of this country and those of us who participate in public life take particular pride in his life and career. Every citizen of the United States has benefited from the dedication, wisdom, and hard work of this remarkable human being. He has brought joy to our hearts and from the day he arrived from Arizona, he has been a bright, progressive force in the Nation's public policy. I thank him for all those things and I want him to know I treasure his friendship.

Mr. HORTON. Mr. Speaker, I rise to join my colleagues in paying tribute to Morris K. Udall -- a man who has dedicated over 30 years of his life to public service. It has been my distinct honor and indeed a personal privilege to serve with Mo for all of my 29 years in the Congress. He is one of the finest individuals I have ever known and, indeed, one of the all-time giants of the U.S. House of Representatives.

As a member of the House Interior Committee since coming to the Congress in 1961 and chairman since 1977, Mo has placed his personal imprint on virtually all environmental legislation of the past 30 years; and he may, in fact, be the most prolific author of environmental legislation that this body has ever seen. Today, the millions of acres of wilderness across the country, which are now safeguarded from development, stand in affirmation of Mo's steadfast commitment to protecting our Nation's vital natural resources.

Since his early years in Congress, Mo has used his leadership abilities to successfully advocate many reforms of both the Congress itself and the American election system. In 1971, he was the author of ground-breaking legislation that established the first natiional campaign finance guidelines.

I have had the opportunity to serve with Mo on the Post Office and Civil Service Committee. As the chairman of the Franking Commission, Mo has exhibited the highest degree of integrity and fairness. As a member of the Committee, Mo has also worked to reform the Federal pay system. He is a friend of civil servants throughout America, and they will sorely miss him.

In recent years, I have come to rely on Mo for guidance and advice as several counties that I represent are affected by an ongoing Indian land claim. Mo's knowledge and insight have been invaluable to me as I have worked to develop an agreeable solution to this claim which clouds the title of thousands of landowners and threatens to disrupt the local economies. The loss of Mo's expertise

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makes the prospect of successfully concluding this issue all the more difficult.

I would like to extend the best wishes of my wife Nancy and myself to Mo and his family, friends, and staff. Throughout his lifetime, he has overcome adversity time and time again; let us all hope and pray that his tremendous will and courage will prevail one more time.

For the past 30 years, Mo Udall has represented the people of Arizona's Second District with honor, dignity, and the utmost distinction. His retirement is a loss not only to the people of Tucson, Phoenix, and Yuma, but the entire State of Arizona and the Nation as a whole. We will miss his leadership and his ever present wit, and I am afraid that the House of Representatives will be forever diminished by his absence.

Mr. HUGHES. Mr. Speaker, I rise today to join my colleagues in honoring one of the great men to have served in the House of Representatives, Congressman Morris K. Udall. On Saturday May 4, 1991, Mo Udall will officially retire from Congress.

Our country missed a great opportunity with Mo Udall. He would have been an outstanding President. He is unquestionably one of the most respected Members to ever serve in the Congress. Mo also had a quick wit and wonderful sense of humor.

For 30 years, Mo has represented the people of Arizona's Second Congressional District. Throughout his distinguished career in Congress, he has earned great respect from his colleagues as a talented legislator and a statesman. Since 1977, he has served as chairman of the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs. His legislative achievements are numerous including: the Alaska lands bill, the 1977 Surface Mine Reclamation Act, and the 1982 Nuclear Waste Management Policy Act--just to name a few. He is one of the foremost experts on energy and land issues in the Congress.

Mo Udall is also a leader in campaign reform. He sponsored the 1974 Campaign Finance Reform Act and served on the Hunt Commission which wrote new rules for the 1984 national elections.

Mo has served the people of Arizona and this Nation with dignity, honor, and integrity. His legendary sense of humor brightened the Halls of Congress. His expertise, leadership, and humor will surely be missed in this Chamber.

Mr. QUILLEN. Mr. Speaker, today I join with my colleagues to honor my close and personal friend, Mo Udall. Mo, I will miss you personally, and the whole Nation will miss your legendary leadership in the House. Your retirement will leave a void that will be impossible to fill.

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In my 29 years in Congress, I have enjoyed my association with you and found you to always be considerate and a gentleman.

I remember so well when the bill creating a Cabinet level Department of Education was before the Rules Committee and you needed votes to get it reported to the floor. I voted to support it, and you wrote a letter telling my constituents that it was my vote which actually was responsible for the measure reaching the floor. You did this for a Republican, even though you are a dedicated Democrat. It just goes to show how thoughtful and considerate you are. You haven't forgotten. However, the National Education Association's memory is not as good as yours.

Your commendation for my assistance in passing the Alaskan wildlife bill also meant a great deal to me personally.

I could go on and on about your skill and legislative abilities and recognition for those who would help you in getting legislation passed. No one can equal your skilled legislative performance and accomplishments.

I salute you as you leave--you will always have a warm spot, not only in my heart, but in the hearts of all those with whom you have served and those whom you have helped all during your career.

Mr. MONTGOMERY. Mr. Speaker, I want to join you and so many of our colleagues on both sides of the aisle to pay tribute to our friend, Mo Udall. Like all who have known and worked with Mo over the years, I am very fond of him. Everyone in Washington is well aware of his famous wit. He would have been a big success in the entertainment industry, but Mo chose a career of public service. And those 34 years of service to the people of Arizona and to this Nation have been outstanding. He will be greatly missed in this Chamber.

I always found Mo to be very easy-going and a pleasure to work with, and his record of achievement is a reflection of his ability to get along with Members on both sides of the political aisle. We are here today to honor Mo Udall, the man, as well as to honor his very effective record of legislative achievement in this Congress. He deserves recognition on both counts and I am proud to take part in this special order today.

I want to salute Mo Udall for a job well done and wish him all the best.

Mr. FASCELL. Mr. Speaker, I rise today to honor the 30 years of service of one of our finest colleagues, Morris K. Udall. In Mo's last week of service in the House of Representatives, I would like to take the opportunity to salute our colleague and friend. It has been

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an honor to have served with a man so dedicated and devoted to public service.

Mo came to this body in 1961 to be heard and to make a difference. He won with dignity and lost with grace, but he never gave up on the fights he lost. Mo fought to make our Nation fairer, our environment cleaner, and our Government more accountable. He may not have gotten everything done that he wanted to, but his record is still very impressive.

Regardless of whether you supported his position or opposed it, to work with Mo was always a pleasure. He constantly demonstrated that laughter is not only therapeutic, but also a very effective way to make a point. Mo eased tension with a story or a joke and, at the same time, would drive his position home. He may have been "too funny to be President," but we know that he was a serious legislator committed to improving our Nation.

During his tenure as chairman of the House Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs, he was responsible for reshaping our national perspective toward the environment. He thoughtfully encouraged greater emphasis on conservation ideals to the stewardship of public lands and this legacy will endure. Future generations which use our public lands and national parks may never know of Mo, but they will enjoy the fruits of his labor.

A partial list of accomplishments include protecting the Grand Canyon, reforming the campaign finance system, preserving our last frontiers in Alaska, working to stop strip mining, and revising the civil service system. Mo has also helped protect countless resources of ecological and historical value in communities across the country. The focus of his career was to leave our environment cleaner than when he found it and to make our Government more effective than when he found it. Judging from the respect and affection we have for Mo, I believe he has been successful.

One of Mo's most important contributions to our Nation is the reforms he advocated in this institution. These reforms brought more Members into the process and allowed the Congress to benefit from their expertise and diversity. These reforms changed this institution and will allow it to continue to address the changing needs of our Nation and our world.

Mo has also been a valuable member of the Foreign Affairs Committee, and of the Arms Control, International Security and Science Subcommittee, which I chair, since 1985. We have appreciated his contributions to the committee, particularly his expertise on international environmental issues.

We have been fortunate to have served and worked with Mo Udall. He leaves the Congress with a list of accomplishments that

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Addresses and Special Orders Held in the U.S. House of Representatives and the Senate, Presented in Honor of The Honorable Morris K. "Mo" Udall, A Representative from Arizona, One Hundred Second Congress, First Session
Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1993