(Proceedings in the House: Part 7 of 10)
demands respect, and he leaves his colleagues with many marvelous memories of the special person he is.

Jeanne-Marie and I wish Mo continued progress with his recovery so that he and his family will enjoy a well-earned retirement.

Mr. ANNUNZIO. Mr. Speaker, I'm honored to have served with Congressman Mo Udall during my 26 years in the House of Representatives. I'm sure all the Members of this body will miss Mo's congeniality, wit, and commitment to making this country a better place to live.

When Mo Udall came to this Congress in 1961 he brought with him the values that have characterized the Democratic Party for generations. These include a commitment to equal opportunity for all and a desire to give working Americans a chance at a better life than their parents and grandparents before them.

But beyond that, when Mo Udall came to this House he brought with him a special knack for drafting and promoting legislation of interest to his Arizona constituents and people across this Nation.

One key area where Mo put these skills to work is in the field of environmental law. As chairman of the House Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs since 1977, Mo helped enact more bills to protect the environment than anyone in this House. History will credit him for his bold efforts to save wilderness areas, including nearly 100 million acres of unspoiled land in Alaska. And despite the tragedy of Mo's recent illness, he's kept right on fighting to safeguard these areas by opposing oil and gas drilling in the Alaskan wilderness and elsewhere.

Everyone knows Mo as an effective Congressman, but his dedication to public concerns has never caused him to lose his easy-going congeniality, whether he was on the Presidential campaign trail or the floor of the House of Representatives.

I'll always remember Mo's smiling face and his friendly hello when I'd see him on the floor during rollcall votes. In this age of increasingly negative political discourse, we can all benefit from Mo's example as a man who never lost his sense of humor when dealing with politics or the Federal Government.

Finally, as he now enters retirement, I want to offer my best wishes to Mo, his wife Norma, and their entire family.

Mr. GALLEGLY. Mr. Speaker, I am proud to join today in honoring a legislative giant as he concludes 30 years of service to this House and to our country.

The Honorable Morris Udall leaves behind a legacy that few other Members can match. From his uphill fight to reform House rules to his desire to preserve our Nation's natural beauty to his valiant struggle against the disease that finally is forcing him to

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retire from the House he loves so much, Mo Udall has been an inspiration.

I have been honored to serve for more than 4 years on the Interior and Insular Affairs Committee under Chairman Udall. As my fellow committee members would agree, there is perhaps no fairer and more even-handed chairman in the House today, and certainly no member with the wit and good humor that Mo has consistently shown throughout his career.

The House will be a poorer place without Mo Udall. He may have been, as his book suggests, too funny to be President, but he will be remembered as a gifted and hard-working lawmaker who accomplished much for his beloved Arizona and for his Nation.

Mr. APPLEGATE. Mr. Speaker, in his book, "Too Funny To Be President," our dear friend and colleague, Mo Udall, thought of each and every one of us when he said, "This book is dedicated to the 3,000 Members of Congress, living and dead, with whom I served for nearly three decades."

Well Mo, everyone in this Chamber, and everyone in the other Chamber, all wish to join together in returning the favor by dedicating this day to you. As for the rest of those 3,000 who can't join us today, well, Mo, I'm sure you'll think of something to say about them when it's appropriate.

If anyone really wants to know what American politics is all about, if they really want to fathom their way through the nuances of our representative democracy, then one need not go any further than to read Mo's exquisite writings on America's two favorite pastimes: Politics and Humor.

To really gauge the honest views and concerns of Americans, to really get at the core of what the voters think about their elected officials, I can only recall the story that Mo tells in his book, to quote:

A stuffy Senator goes to an Indian village for a fourth of July parade. The Chief asks the Senator if he would like to ride in the parade.

"OK," says the Senator, "If I can ride that big white stallion I rode last year."

"I'm sorry," says the Chief, "we don't have a white stallion."

"Sure you do," says the Senator. "I can see him over there in the corral."

The two go over to look. Reaching the fence, the Senator points to a big white horse and says, "There he is, that's the same one I rode last year."

"But that's not a stallion, it's a mare," says the Chief. "She's one of our best horses."

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"Well, OK," says the Senator. "Throw a saddle on her and I'll ride her. But I know there's some mistake. I can distinctly remember riding through the streets and hearing people say, 'Look at that big ... look at that big . . .'" Well, Mo, you know how the story goes "Look at that big 'You-know-what' on that white horse."

If anyone wants to know the rest of the story, they'll just have to read your book.

Mo, your 30 years in this Chamber will go down as probably some of the most important 30 years ever put in by any of those 3,000 Members with whom you've served.

But Mo, let me just say, and as you quote in your book, as Will Rogers once said: "Live your life so that whenever you lose, you are ahead."

Mo, just because you always seemed to come in second way back in 1976, let me assure you that you were never a loser at anything. And, most of all Mo, as far as coming out ahead of the game, let me just say that you're way, way ahead of your many colleagues who have had the great pleasure of serving along with you.

You should have been President, Mo, and I really don't care if those guys in that barber shop in New Hampshire were laughing about it.

Mo, we thank you for moving America ahead on the important issues of our environment, our public lands, and our natural resources.

There is not a Member with whom you've served who has not felt your presence, nor will those in future generations not feel the impact of what you have done to make America a better place in which to live.

Betty and I extend our very best wishes and very best hopes to you and Norma and your family for many years of happiness together.

Goodbye, Mo, and God bless you.

Mr. STUMP. Mr. Speaker, Mo and I go back a good many years, and his leaving the House truly is the end of an era in the history of Arizona, the House, and the country.

Mo is among this institution's most highly respected Members. He earned that respect through decades of public service marked by selfless concern and action on behalf of his native State, his country, and this Congress.

The Udall legacy is diverse and one which will touch many people for years to come. And as important as the tangible successes of his career, so too is the intangible means he went about achieving his goals. Mo employed just the right mix of determina-

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tion, wit, and humility to build coalitions to resolve issues, no matter how great or how small. It is a formula from which we could all learn.

Mo's retirement is a tremendous loss of a leader in the House and Arizona, and to his many friends throughout the country. Although we didn't always agree on the issues, we've worked well together over the past 14 years, and I feel fortunate to be among those to have had the opportunity to work with him and to call him a friend.

Mo and the family are in my thoughts and prayers. I thank him for an outstanding career, and wish him well.

Mr. CONDIT. Mr. Speaker, I rise today to pay tribute to one of this institution's greatest Members, our beloved Morris Udall of Arizona, who has decided to retire after 30 years of service.

Mo Udall cared about this country, and he cared about how we left it to our descendents. More than anyone else in this Congress, Mo Udall was instrumental in protecting the environment and the natural beauty of our vast areas of wilderness. He was a tireless worker for causes that would make a difference in the quality of life for our citizens.

He loved this place. He enjoyed being a Member of the House of Representatives, and it showed. It can sometimes get frustrating and disillusioning here, but it was always an inspiration to watch and hear Mo Udall talk about this institution, exhorting his colleagues to do the right thing, whether you agreed with him or not on the issue at hand. His humor was always a great outlet for the tension that can build around the work that we do here.

His shoes will be hard to fill, but Mo Udall's presence will always be felt here and in the natural resources that he was so instrumental preserving. I wish him and his wife Norma well. We are all praying that his health improves, and he is able to resume an active life.

Mr. DURBIN. Mr. Speaker, I rise today to pay tribute to an extraordinary Member of Congress. Mo Udall may retire this week, but he will long be remembered for his outstanding work as a Member of Congress and will always be loved by those who knew and worked with him.

Mo took his job seriously, but not himself. When I came to Congress in 1983, Mo had already served for 20 years. His great knowledge of the legislative and political process as well as his sense of humor and loyalty to this institution inspired me from the beginning.

Mo is well known for his work to preserve our Nation's wilderness areas and National Park System. As chairman of the House

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Interior Committee, he left a legacy of beauty across our country. Mo was also instrumental in enacting reforms in the House in the late 1970's. Our current system of Government would not be what it is today without Mo's hard work.

Mo made friends every where he went. I hope he realizes that he will be sorely missed in Congress. I wish Mo and his lovely wife Norma all the best and many happy times in the coming years.

Mr. FUSTER. Mr. Speaker, I rise today to add my praise for Mo Udall. We in Puerto Rico owe a special debt of gratitude to the retiring chairman of the Interior and Insular Affairs Commitee. He is a most distinguished Member of this body who has a special knowledge of Puerto Rico, and somehow it won't be the same without his presence in Congress.

Mo Udall has served in the House for 15 terms, and he has certainly left his mark. His record of decency, competence, and sheer dedication to the magnitude of his responsibilities has set standards by which we all aspire to, and his presence will be missed. We all know the wide respect and affection he had from his colleagues. The 3.6 million American citizens in Puerto Rico share that respect and affection. He has certainly left his imprint on legislation affecting us in Puerto Rico, and he will long be remembered.

His constituents in the Second Congressional District of Arizona, a great many of them Hispanic, have every reason to be proud of their giant of a Congressman. When the history books are written about the U.S. House of Representatives in the second half of this century, the name of Morris K. Udall will be writ large, and I am proud to have counted him as my friend and colleague on the Interior Committee. I wish him well as he continues to battle the health problems that have caused his unfortunate resignation from the Congress.

Mr. OBEY. I frankly do not know quite what to say about Mo Udall's retirement, because we have known him and worked with him and loved him for so long that it is very difficult to imagine that he will no longer be a Member of this House.

But as I said last week in a Capitol ceremony to celebrate the life of Dick Bolling, our former colleague who passed away a week ago, in a sense it is sort of fitting that the memories of Dick Bolling which we talked about last week, and the honor that we do Mo Udall this week, come very close in time. Because in the years I have served here, I have always viewed Dick Bolling and Mo Udall as sort of the way people of Mo's generation viewed the old football team that used to play for West Point, Doc Blanchard and Glenn Davis, Blanchard being the fullback and Davis being the halfback on some of those famous West Point teams. Davis and Blanchard

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were known as Mr. Inside and Mr. Outside, and I think in a sense that Dick Bolling and Mo Udall played those same roles for us in the House and in the Democratic caucus over the years, Mo with his lighter style, and Dick Bolling with his fullback charge-ahead style.

They both made a tremendous team, whether you were talking about congressional reform, or whether you were talking about public financing of campaigns, or any one of a dozen issues that dealt with the integrity of the political process or the welfare of the American people.

I think that Mo Udall, really for an entire generation in this House, gave us hope, gave us the expectation that this institution would match the needs of the times, when we took what some considered to be a chaotic approach and ran against John McCormick for Speaker back in the sixties. That run was necessary to try to energize our caucus, to try to energize this House. Mo's race, even though he paid an eternal price for it for years, his race was a key event in reforming this institution, to bring it closer to the ideals that the American people have a right to expect. I think our generation in this House will always be grateful to him for that.

On the issues, whether you were talking about the environment, or the economy, or peace, Mo Udall was absolutely crucial in defining progress all across the board. Mo Udall was really synonymous for almost all of his career with progress toward a clean environment.

In the economy, Jack Kennedy called Mo Udall's newsletters in the early sixties about economics the best of their kind. In fact, if you took a look at Mo Udall's newsletters across the board, they were the best of their kind, and I think remain today the best that have ever been written by any Member of this House.

It was Mo Udall who in 1967, I believe, went back to Arizona and wrote a newsletter to his constituents, appeared in Arizona, and said, "Folks, I have been wrong about the Vietnam war, and I want to tell you why." It was his conversion that led the way for all kinds of politicians to see the same truths that he saw, including yours truly, and we will be forever grateful to Mo for that.

In 1976, Henry Reuss and I approached Mo Udall over in the fourth row of this Chamber and said, "Mo, you know, we have had a lot of turkeys run for President all of these years. It would be nice if we had a swan." We suggested that he ought to take a look at running, and we signed up an awful lot of our Members.

In those years it was unheard of for a House Member to run for President. If we did not have the title "Senator" or if you were not a Governor, you were not considered.

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Mo changed that, for the better. I felt highly privileged to campaign in 17 States for Mo during that campaign. Let me tell you, he sometimes did not give you easy jobs.

I remember we were up in Boston, campaigning all day up there, and Mo came to me about 4 o'clock in the afternoon and said, "I have got a chance to be on "Issues and Answers" on ABC tomorrow, Sunday. Would you fill in for me in a speech I have tomorrow morning?"'

I said, "Sure, I will take the assignment. What is it?"

Well, I was supposed to explain Mo Udall's pro choice position to the Knights of Columbus in Boston, MA. And I did not fully agree with Mo's position myself. But that was a very tough job, and I cannot say that I enjoyed it. But I took it on.

He also asked me in Pittsburgh if I would go to a black Baptist church to explain what Mo Udall was all about. I had never been in a black Baptist church in my life. I had never been in a Baptist church in my life. But I said surely I would, and I went. I discovered at that point that the task was a little bit tougher than the one that I thought I had been given, because Jimmy Carter, who was himself a Baptist, had been in that very church the Sunday before.

So, Mo sometimes played tricks on his friends. But we enjoyed it nonetheless, and loved him for everything.

I think more than issues, more than the leadership he provided on issues, was the leadership he provided this Nation in defining what kind of politics fit America, what kind of politics were indeed respectable to practice.

As I said, Mo really wrote the best newsletters that I think have ever been written by a Member of the House. He was passionately devoted to institutional reform.

I find it kind of ironic that 12 of us today have introduced a new major campaign finance reform bill, an issue which Mo took the lead on for years and years in this place. It is fitting that we introduce a new effort to deal with that same problem on the day that we talk about Mo's accomplishments and our affection for him.

I think there are a couple of quotes that really sum up to me the kind of politics that Mo Udall has brought this country. Oliver Wendell Holmes said once, and it is a very famous quote: "I think," he said, "as life is action and passion, it is required of a man that he should share the passion and action of his time, at the peril of being judged not to have lived."

Certainly Mo Udall entered into the political process with passion. He understood that political death was not defeat in an election. He understood that political death is really having the ability to do something good for people, having the power to do good in the

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system, and not fully using that power. That is the true definition of political death, and Mo Udall always understood that and always demonstrated that belief.

Mr. Speaker, there is another quote that reminds me of Mo Udall. Adlai Stevenson, another one of my heroes, said this: "The hardest challenge in politics is to win without proving that you are unworthy of winning." I think that is what distinguishes Mo Udall's career from a good many other practitioners of the art of politics in our country today.

There are really two kinds of politics being practiced in this country. One is the slash and burn kind, the kind that says bring the dialog down to whatever level you have to bring it in order for us to win.

Then you have the Udall kind of politics, which says let us bring the dialog up. Let us bring the public understanding up to the level that is required to win.

To me, that, more than any other question, divides politicians in this country today, and Mo Udall was always on the right side when it came to that question.

He personified ethics. He could fight with passion and still have affection for those with whom he disagreed, and I think that is the essence of any truly class act in political life.

And so I just want to say that I tremendously regret the fact that Mo will be leaving this institution, but we continue to respect him, we continue to love him. We wish him well. We wish him a speedy recovery.

And I want to promise Mo one thing. As Mo was for so many years in his career, I want to promise Mo that we will try to continue, Mo, in the tradition of cutting through the goom-wah.

Mr. de la GARZA. Mr. Speaker, for over two centuries Congress has been a living force in the American system of government, a dynamic embodiment of our millions of citizens. The will of the people emerges through the agreements and disagreements that develop as each of us as Congressman attempt to reflect the views and desires of our own constituencies. Yet, some Members go beyond the confines of their own districts, representing and striving to achieve the goals of a far broader constituency -- a majority of the body politic. And when such Members of Congress retire, not only we, their colleagues, or their individual constituents feel the loss, but the whole system suffers.

Today we are here to honor such a man, Morris Udall, as he ends what has been a more than distinguished congressional career. As we gather, I try and think what exactly it is that makes him such an institution among us. Is it his legislative achievements

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with which we are all well acquainted? No question they are legend. Is it the exemplary manner in which he has served this Nation? Certainly his sound judgment and honest concern has always been evident. Is it the integrity, conviction, and dedication he has displayed these past three decades? Truly he is a shining example of representative government, his actions reflecting the needs of those who sent him here to Washington, his accessibility proving to his constituency that they had certainly made the right choice. Personally, I think it is all this and more because to put it quite simply, Morris Udall is a great man--one whose impact has been profound and whose legacy will indeed be lasting.

It is never easy to say goodbye to one of our own, and today as we stand here I truly feel a loss that one who has added so much vitality to this Chamber will tomorrow no longer stand in our midst. What is nice, however, is that we all know we can continue to call on Morris Udall for his invaluable expertise and counsel.

Mo, for the honor of having had the privilege of working beside you these many years let me say thank you. I will miss you. We will all miss you. You are indeed our hero.

Mr. RAHALL. Mr. Speaker, I would join my colleagues today in paying tribute to Mo Udall.

There are those today who will speak about Mo Udall, the gentleman from Arizona. Mo Udall, the Presidential candidate. Mo Udall, the powerful chairman of the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs and his vast legislative accomplishments. Mo Udall, the man.

I share the sentiments of my colleagues in these matters. As a freshman Member of Congress I began serving on the Interior Committee in 1977, the year Mo became its chairman. Under Mo's leadership, the years that followed were extremely productive for the committee. Many of Mo's legislative initiatives were enacted into law, such as the Alaskan Lands Act. Under Mo Udall's guidance the committee produced a legendary amount of wilderness and park legislation that will stand as testimony to the will and foresight of this great man.

Others will speak to those issues. I will speak to but one of Mo Udall's legislative achievements; one that left its mark on the lives of every citizen of this Nation's coal fields: The landmark Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977.

Mr. Speaker, for many years leading up to the enactment of this law, the gentleman from Arizona saw what was occurring in the Appalachian coal fields of this Nation due to unregulated surface coal mining. By the 1970's, it became increasingly clear that the proliferation of acidified streams, high walls, refuse piles, open

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mine shafts and other hazards associated with past coal mining practices could not be ignored.

It was on February 26, 1972, that a coal waste dam located on Buffalo Creek in Logan County, WV, collapsed causing a flood of truly horrible proportions in loss of life, injuries, property damage and people left homeless.

This disaster, coupled with mounting concerns over the failure of several States to properly regulate mining, ensure reclamation and the development of surface coal mining in the semiarid West, for the first time raised the level of public attention to the plight of coal field citizens adversely affected by certain coal mining practices from a local, to a truly national, level.

The congressional debates of the mid-1970's, and bills passed only to be vetoed, set the stage for Mo Udall's introduction of H.R. 2 on the opening day of the 95th Congress in 1977.

As a newly elected Representative from West Virginia, I was honored to serve on the Interior Committee at this time, at the very time when Mo Udall took the leadership reigns of the committee, at the very time when after years of struggle it looked likely that a Federal Strip Mining Act would pass muster. I was given a great compliment when Mo Udall chose this freshman Member from West Virginia to serve on the House-Senate conference committee on H.R. 2, and stood in the Rose Garden with President Carter and Mo Udall when the bill was signed into law as the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977.

This law has served the people of the Appalachian coal fields well. It has made the coal fields of this Nation a much better place in which to live. The vast majority of the coal industry is in compliance with the law, and countless acres of old abandoned coal mine lands have been reclaimed under the special fund established by the act.

Mo Udall's original insight and foresight have proven correct and we are very much indebted to him. When God made the mountains of my home State of West Virginia, he made a special breed of people to preside over them. We are born of the mountains and hollows of our rugged terrain. Our State motto is mountani semper liberi -- mountaineers are always free. Although Mo Udall is from the Southwest, from Arizona, he understood us. He understood the true beauty of our "hills and hollers." He is, in my mind, an honorary West Virginian. And his years of diligence in not only gaining the enactment of the 1977 law, but in pursuing its implementation, will be long remembered by all West Virginians.

Now, if Mo was here, I can imagine what he would say. He would tell the story about a young man at a banquet. This young

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Section Contents: Proceedings in the House
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Main | Contents | Illustrations | Book Cover | Title Page

Addresses and Special Orders Held in the U.S. House of Representatives and the Senate, Presented in Honor of The Honorable Morris K. "Mo" Udall, A Representative from Arizona, One Hundred Second Congress, First Session
Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1993