(Proceedings in the House: Part 8 of 10)
man was getting an award and he was flustered and he said, "I sure don't appreciate it, but I really do deserve it."

Mo turned over responsibility on the committee for the Surface Mining Act to this gentleman from West Virginia, his chairman of the Subcommittee on Mining and Natural Resources. As I undertake my duties in this regard, the words Mo spoke on the 10-year anniversary of the enactment of the 1977 law ring in my ears: "The act was, and is, more than a piece of legislation. It is a vehicle of hope for those who live and who will live in America's coal fields." Mo left some big shoes to fill.

Mr. Speaker, I cannot conclude without making note of one other mining initiative. Mo understood what was occurring in the coal fields. But he also understood the abuses that took place in the West, in hardrock mining for copper, gold, silver and other such minerals under the mining law of 1872.

It was also in 1977 that the effort to reform the mining law of 1872 came to a head. Mo Udall, a reform supporter, however, found that the press of committee business and other considerations would cause this particular initiative to be shelved for the time being.

Ten years later, in 1987, as his Mining Subcommittee chairman I resurrected the issue and today, mining law reform legislation is being actively considered by the Congress. Mo, I will do my best to use the same judgment, same humor, you would bring to the debate. Mo Udall, this one piece of unfinished business, once completed, is for you.

God bless you, Mo Udall.

Mr. WHITTEN. Mr. Speaker, Mo Udall is one in a million--active, able, with a sense of humor that is unsurpassed.

There have been thousands of Members of Congress since we became a nation--many outstanding men and women have served their district, State, and Nation, but none has enjoyed more support, more appreciation for his service than has Mo. His effective service, will continue to be a measure by which other Members may be judged.

The Nation will miss his services, and we will miss his presence.

Mr. MAZZOLI Mr. Speaker, spring is the traditional time for graduations, for ceremonies marked by much pomp and circumstance, and joy and pride.

We do not gather today for a graduation, but we do gather in joy and pride to pay tribute to out dear friend and colleague, Mo Udall, of Arizona's Second Congressional District.

I thank the Members of the Arizona congressional delegation for arranging this special order to honor Mo and to show our admira-

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tion and respect for him and for what he accomplished during his long and productive career in the House of Representatives.

Mo's renowned wit, humor, good cheer, decency, and wisdom, over the years, delighted his friends and allies, skewered his opponents, punctured many inflated egos in this town and enabled Mo to compile a legislative record which is legendary.

Mo did all this with humility, self-deprecation and, occasionally, by making himself the butt of his own humor. In his sincere, good-natured and folksy way, Mo Udall effectively illuminated simple truths--easily understandable and very persuasive--on whatever subject or issue was being debated or discussed. Mo's style--at home in both salon and saloon--has never been equaled and never will be. Mo is unique, in the dictionary sense of that word; one of a kind. Peerless.

Mr. Speaker, Mo Udall has long been regarded as one of the most humorous men in Washington. In his inimitable way, Mo has exposed the frailties of government, the pomposities of its institutions and its people. All of the while, he has made the Congress and the political arena a more sensible, sensitive, responsive partner of the American people in trying to protect the environment, and put aside for future generations precious and irreplaceable forests, rivers, land--in sum, its natural resources.

A Member of the House of Representatives for 30 years, Mo Udall's career in Congress has been marked with significant legislative achievements in areas ranging from the environment to institutional reform. Mo has been a trailblazing leader in the ongoing fight for campaign finance reform.

On whatever subject, Mo Udall has always raised the level of debate with his intellect, humility, and humor. His contributions are many and enduring.

Mr. Speaker, Mo Udall has always been a fighter, a battler, but no more so than today as he battles to regain his health following a serious fall which compounded his earlier illness. Mo is a gutsy guy and, if anyone can come back, Mo's that person.

Mo Udall is a great man, a talented legislator, but, more than anything, a good friend to all of us with whom he has served. We will all miss him as he retires from this House.

God bless you, Mo. You are the greatest.

Mr. STOKES. Mr. Speaker, I want to thank my colleagues for reserving this time to pay tribute to our dear friend and colleague, Morris K. Udall. The resignation of this great leader brings to a close 30 years of distinguished service to his constituency and the Nation. I am proud to join in this special order honoring my good friend.

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Mr. Speaker, it is difficult to surmise the feelings of many who serve in this body at the departure of this extraordinary individual. For many of us, Mo Udall has been an inspirational leader, counselor, and close friend. This institution has benefited over the years from his insight and strong leadership. Morris Udall is hailed as one of the true giants in the history of the Congress, and he is certainly well deserving of this esteemed honor.

The terms "reformer" and "trailblazer" accurately depict the character of Mo Udall. It is Morris Udall who will be remembered for challenging the House seniority system and reforming the distribution of committee assignments. It is Mo Udall who was in the forefront of revamping the committee markup procedure and responsible for making committee meetings accessible to the public. And, it is Morris Udall who fought for the establishment of a committee which would ensure the integrity of the legislative branch of Government. I am proud to serve today as the chairman of the Ethics Committee which owes its creation to Mo Udall.

Mo Udall, as chairman of the Interior Committee, heightened the public's awareness of environmental issues, pushing these concerns to the forefront of the political arena. His crafting of the Alaska Lands Act, his creation of the Arizona Wilderness Act, and his unchallenged influence on water rights issues represent his extensive work on the environmental agenda. Mo once said, "A nation that does not love and respect its land does not respect itself." Such words clearly illustrate that Mo Udall will forever be a champion of our environment.

Mr. Speaker, generations of politicians will look to Mo Udall as an example of a pioneering legislator. His tenure in the House has left an indelible mark on the American political system.

I can recall in 1969 when I first arrived on Capitol Hill that it was Mo Udall who I, along with many of the freshman Members, chose to emulate. We welcomed his invested interest in the new Members. His charismatic persona, unrivaled wit, and stance on civic-minded reform truly attested to the fact that he was a genuine political leader. He is a remarkable individual whom I will always admire and respect.

Mr. Speaker, we are deeply saddened at the departure of Mo Udall from the Halls of Congress. However, we know that his influence in this body will extend over generations of politicians yet to arrive in Washington. Mo Udall will always be praised for his numerous legislative accomplishments and fondly remembered as a political giant and one of our greatest leaders. We wish Mo the very best. He is forever in our prayers.

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Mr. WHEAT. Mr. Speaker, I am proud to join my colleagues in saluting one of the most talented and beloved legislators to ever grace the Halls of Congress as he retires after 30 years of distinguished service to the House of Representatives and the people of the Second District of Arizona.

Many of my colleagues have already praised Mo Udall's legislative prowess, his efforts to protect and expand our Nation's natural heritage, his sharp wit and his gentle humor. Today I would like to speak of another quality he possesses in abundance.

If one of the measures of a man is how he treats others, then Mo Udall stands tall indeed. I first learned of his generosity of spirit in my earliest days as a Member of this body, when I passed the legendary Mo Udall on my way to the Capitol and he greeted me by name.

It is hard to describe what a tremendous impact this small act of recognition had on a green and callow freshman with few allies who was overwhelmed by the enormity of his new job. In one brief moment, I felt welcome and accepted as a Member of Congress because Mo Udall knew my name.

I later learned that Mo regularly memorized the names of one or two freshmen a week and made it a point to let them know he knew who they were. His strategy was based on the sure knowledge that if he made an ally of a freshman, he had a friend for life -- a purposeful strategy but no less welcome to a new Member of this institution.

It was an unusual coincidence that in the same week, two legendary figures took their leave from politics. First came the reports of Mo Udall's retirement, then the sad news of the death of Dick Bolling, whose parliamentary skills guided nearly every major piece of legislation to come out of Congress in the last three decades.

While very different in temperament, their careers took a number of parallel paths over the years. Both played early and active roles in civil rights legislation, both successfully challenged institutional procedures such as the seniority system and both sought and won reforms to the campaign finance system. Like Dick Bolling, Mo Udall made an indelible mark on this institution and left it a better place than he found it.

We regret that Mo Udall will be absent from these marble Halls and Chambers but we do not have to look far to see the thriving wilderness regions, scenic rivers and national parks that serve as a constant reminder of his careful and loving stewardship of our land.

Mo Udall taught us many lessons but above all, he showed us how to be good legislators without taking ourselves too seriously. If

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we can carry on the work of this body with dedication, with good humor and with kindness, then we will truly honor the legacy of Mo Udall.

Mr. RANGEL. Mr. Speaker, I wish to take this opportunity to pay tribute to an outstanding Member of Congress who has recently resigned due to health problems, the Honorable Morris K. Udall of Arizona.

Mark Twain once remarked:

    It could probably be shown by facts and figures that there is no distinctly native American criminal class except Congress.
Many events today in this august body might go far to confirm Twain's wry observation. Someone sure to chuckle at Twain's joke would be Mo Udall. But judging by his legislative and personal career, Mo Udall is the antithesis of the puffed-up, pretentious politician that so many abhor. Congress could certainly hold its head high and say that for these past 30 years which represent Mo's career, there was at least one Member who tried, to the very best of his ability, to do the right thing as he saw it.

A life in politics was not an unexpected choice for Morris Udall since his paternal grandfather was a town founder, his father the Arizona Supreme Court chief justice, his brother, Stewart, Interior Secretary under President Kennedy, and his mother a locally well-known Democratic activist, all made their mark in this very public arena.

Mo Udall was subject to life's hard knocks despite his distinguished family ties. He overcame the loss of an eye as a child to go on to play college basketball, spend a year as part of an NBA team, get his law degree and serve as a noncombat pilot in the World War II Pacific theatre. He entered a law practice with his brother, Stewart, in 1949 and this association eventually led him to office when, in a special May 1961 election, Mo Udall succeeded his brother, Stewart, as representative to Arizona's Second District.

Mo Udall's 30-year stay on the Hill is marked by a kind of legislative leadership that has literally changed forever the face of the Nation he so selflessly sought to serve. When I review his contribution to the greater order of things, the Alaskan wilderness bill comes to mind -- a law which doubled the National Park System and tripled the Wilderness Preservation System. He enacted regulations controlling strip mining; campaign finance law; civil rights; and civil service reform laws.

A reformer from the first, Udall took on the House seniority system by mounting challenges to the Speaker's leadership in both 1969 and 1971. In October 1967 he was among the first Members of

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Congress to oppose the war in Vietnam and redefine himself as distinct from the Johnson administration.

It was not blind ambition but rather a clear-eyed desire to serve that led Mo into the Presidential fray in 1976 and although the nomination went to Jimmy Carter, the campaign of Mo Udall demonstrated that to show the voter a human face was not taboo. To break the rules for the right reason, to have an honest change in your point of view may not have been the way to win elections, but was certainly the way to win the voters' respect, and Morris Udall still has that respect today, not only of the voters, but also of his colleagues.

Morris Udall came to Congress to represent his constituents with integrity. He has done that in an admirable and honest fashion. He came to Congress to fight the numbing effects of legislative inertia. He did that by poking gentle fun at the institution and himself with obvious relish and delight. He came to offer the spirit of reconciliation to his colleagues. He did that, too, with the unfailing kind word and with a courtesy and respect given graciously to everyone he encountered.

The Honorable Morris Udall. For many elected officials, that title is a simple courtesy. In the case of Morris Udall it is a one-word commentary on his life and service. I respectfully salute my colleague, Morris Udall, the honorable.

Mr. PANETTA. Mr. Speaker, I would like to take a moment to pay tribute to Mo Udall.

It is hard to think of Mo as a former colleague. He was already an idol for many of us when I arrived here in 1977, and in the years since then, he has been such an essential part of this institution that it is hard to imagine the House of Representatives without him.

Mo is a man of such integrity, intelligence, and grace, it is difficult to know where to start in praising him.

His leadership abilities were unsurpassed. He was, first, a leader of the effort to democratize the House of Representatives. Because of his efforts and those of a few others, the system was made far more responsive to the will of the Members--and therefore to the people. In addition, Mo's record of accomplishment as chairman of the Interior Committee is enormous. Not only did he lead the way in providing protection to Alaska and numerous other pristine areas around the Nation but he helped limit the damage when the Reagan administration sought to reverse years of national consensus on environmental protection policies.

Mo was also one of the strongest advocates of reform in our system of financing political campaigns. His own sense of integrity

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and fair play led him to work on behalf of the reforms that were adopted in the 1970's and to pursue further reforms in later years which unfortunately still elude us.

In some ways, Mo Udall's greatest contribution not only to this institution but to the Nation's political life has been his personality. It is already a cliche to talk about his self-deprecating sense of humor. But that sense of humor has always meant more than just an ability to make people laugh. Mo has a sense of perspective about himself and about politics. He has always known that our institutions and our political system never depend on one individual, no matter how important that individual may be. And that was a message that needed to be conveyed to the country and to those of us here in Washington.

Mr. Speaker, we all miss Mo a great deal. We pray for a swift recovery from his recent injuries and for the kind of long and enjoyable retirement that he truly deserves.

Thursday, April 18, 1991.
Mr. JACOBS. Mr. Speaker, eloquent David Rhon wrote this Indianapolis News editorial. Good for him.
    The song says "From this valley they say you are going . . ."
    We might well say to Mo, "From this Hill they say you are going. We shall miss your bright eyes and sweet smile."
I don't believe it extravagant to suggest that Mo Udall is the closest thing to Lincoln since Lincoln.

How sad it is that America has been denied his Presidency.

[From the Indianapolis News, April 17,1991]


In the 1976 Democratic Presidential primary, Oklahoma's Senator Fred Harris, something of a political populist, quipped that he lost his bid for the Presidency because his supporters, the little people, were too short to reach the voting lever.

Harris, however, siphoned off enough votes in four primaries -- New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Wisconsin and Michigan--to deny Representative Morris "Mo" Udall, D-AZ, the nomination. Jimmy Carter was the winner, and the rest, as they say, is history.

It is hard to say what would have happened had Udall been the nominee instead of Carter.

But one can argue that Udall is one of the most capable politicians never to have been President. He is certainly one of the funniest.

He even made fun of his glass eye, describing himself as a "one-eyed Mormon Democrat from conservative Arizona -- and you can't have a higher handicap than that."

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Campaigning the depressed Farm Belt during the presidential primary, he would rhetorically ask his rural farm audiences if they knew the difference between a pigeon and an Iowa farmer. "The pigeon," he explained, "can still make a deposit on a tractor."

Udall narrowly failed to become the first candidate since James Garfield to go directly from the House of Representatives to the White House. Nevertheless, in three decades on Capitol Hill he accomplished about as much as anyone, authoring the Alaska Lands Act, the Strip Mining Reclamation Act, the Nuclear Waste Act, the Federal Wilderness Act and the Campaign Reform Act of 1974. He also authored a delightful book titled, "Too Funny To Be President".

Now comes word that Udall, who has been suffering from Parkinson's disease and who was injured in a fall last January, probably is resigning his House seat.

Representative George Miller, D-CA, remarked on hearing the news, "Mo Udall is one of the legends in Congress. The guy's a hero to all of us who came after him. If he leaves, it will be a major, major loss."

As columnist George Will once observed, "All wit rests on a cheerful awareness of life's incongruities. It is a gentling awareness, and no politician without it should be allowed near power."

By that measure alone, Morris K. Udall should have been in the White House, but has served the Nation admirably in Congress.

Thursday, May 9,1991.

The SPEAKER pro tempore. Under a previous order of the House, the gentleman from Arizona (Mr. Rhodes) is recognized for 60 minutes.

Mr. RHODES. Mr. Speaker, I have asked for this time today for the purpose of adding my voice to those that were raised in this Chamber last Thursday in honor of our colleague, Mo Udall.

His departure from the House is untimely. It is sad, and yet at the same time I think we can view our experiences here with him with great joy, and I think we can be happy. We can be happy that we had the opportunity, be it long or be it short, to have been associated with the gentleman from Arizona, the chairman of the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs, and our friend, Mo Udall.

My fortune in serving with Mo was really only about 2 1/2 terms, about 5 years. Of course, I had known him for many, many years before that. My father had the great privilege of serving with Mo here for 20-some years before my dad retired in 1982. Knowing both of them, each of them would say if they had the privilege of serving with each other, for while their philosophical and political differences were monumental, their friendship was likewise, and their ability to work together when it came to the interests of the State of Arizona was legendary. Their ability to shepherd through this House of Congress the authorization in 1968 of the Central Ar-

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izona Project is well-known in Arizona and throughout the West and well-known to those who were here in the House at that time.

Then their ability to translate that authorization into a continuing stream of appropriations so that this huge project, this largest reclamation project ever conceived, is 98 percent complete and by this time next year will be actually delivering water to Mo's home town of Tucson, AZ.

Mo so respected my father that just a few short years ago he shepherded through legislation in this House to rename a portion of that project after my father and after the late Senator Carl Hayden. It will be my hope now that Mo is no longer a Member of the House that I can join with my colleagues from Arizona and my colleagues on both sides of the aisle in legislation which will likewise honor the contributions of Morris Udall to the State of Arizona, to the West and to all of us as American citizens, by renaming a portion of the mammoth project after Morris K. Udall.

I would like to read to you a statement that was made by the actor Cliff Robertson on the occasion of the dedication of the Udall Center in Tucson, on November 10, 1990.

He said:

Over the years I have had occasion to be at a few dedications: on Broadway they call them "Opening Night" in Hollywood: "World Premieres" and in Washington: "Promises."

These "dedications" usually reflect the nature and character of the event. On Broadway there is a body of First Nighters in formal attire. In Hollywood bevies of blondes, beards and ballyhoo. In Washington politicians, photos and the press.

It's appropriate that today at this dedication there is a small body of family and friends, devoid of glitz and hype. No pretense, but promise: that this Center will represent in its simplicity the greatness of an uncommon man.

I think that is the way all of us see Mo, greatness and uncommonness in simplicity.

One of his long-time associates, the counselor to the House Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs for Indian Matters, Frank Ducheneaux wrote on the occasion of Congressman Udall's retirement:

Mo leaves the House after 31 years of service and leaves behind a positive record in Indian affairs unequaled in its history. But he does not leave behind the love and admiration of those Indian people for whom he so strongly fought and labored. I think that I can say for all Indians and Alaska Natives that we will miss him, perhaps more than any of the others, and that our hopes and prayers go with him as he leaves public service.

Mr. Speaker, that paragraph is part of a longer tribute which I place in the record at this time.

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[The material referred to follows]:


(By Frank Ducheneaux, Cheyenne River Sioux)

"Dear Mr. Speaker: I hereby resign the office of Representative for the Second Congressional District of Arizona, effective May 4, 1991. Morris K. Udall."

Those few, simple words bring to a close a most remarkable political career of a most remarkable man man I am privileged to know, to have worked for, and, I hope that I am not presumptuous, to call a friend. To paraphrase a great Indian philosopher and humorist, Will Rogers, I don't think Mo Udall ever met a person who didn't wind up either liking or respecting him, usually both.

So greatly is he loved, respected, and admired, that the accolades and tributes which followed him all his public life will now reach a crescendo. The great, the near-great, and the not-so-great will acclaim him as their own and extol his record in protection of the environment, in campaign reform, in opening the secret rooms of power in the House of Representatives, in the creation of wilderness areas for future generations, and in many other fields of endeavor and concern. As I write, the House of Representatives, in which he served so honorably and well for 31 years, has set aside time for Members to address the House in tribute to their departing colleague. The list of speakers will be lengthy and will span the political spectrum. The remarks will be honest and sincere.

I would like to offer this one little small voice on behalf of the Native people of this land--for the Indians and Alaska Natives -- the people many are pleased to call the First American, but who are content to let them remain the last Americans. Not Mo Udall. Mo didn't often use words like "First American" unless some staff person like myself tried to put the words in his mouth in some speech. He simply went about the task of trying to ensure that the American Dream was a possibility, to say nothing of a reality, for Indian people.

Next year, in 1992, Indian tribes and people can be said to have survived 500 years of the harsh, unrelenting, often cruel, onslaught of the non-Indian culture and society. We have survived massacres and intolerance, racism and rapacity, altruism and benign neglect. That survival has often been with the help of many non-Indian friends. And, sadly, we have survived the departure of those friends. But I can think of no friend of the Indians, past or present, whose helping hand and heart we will miss more than Mo, Udall as he closes his public life.

The public record of Mo's devotion to the interests and well-being of Indian tribes and Native people is easy to find. Go to the U.S. Statutes at Large and you will find law after law furthering or protecting the rights of Indians which were sponsored by, or bear the lasting imprint of, Mo Udall. In his 31 years of service on the House Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs which has jurisdiction over Indian issues -- 15 as chairman, Mo has been directly involved in the enactment into law of nearly 200 bills beneficial to Indian tribes. Let's just name a few of the major achievements: the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act; the Indian Financing Act; the Indian Self-Determination Act; the American Indian Policy Review Commission Act; the Indian Health Care Improvement Act: the American Indian Religious Freedom Act; the Indian Child Welfare Act; the Indian Alcohol and Substance Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act; the Native American Grave Protection and Repatriation Act; and the Indian Child Protection and Family Violence Prevention Act.

Mo worked long and hard on those measures, but it is relatively easy for a politician to support those kind of measures. A program and money to save the lives and future of little Indian kids or support for measures to prevent the scourge of Indian alcoholism and alcohol abuse. Money for Indian economic development and some

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Section Contents: Proceedings in the House
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Main | Contents | Illustrations | Book Cover | Title Page

Addresses and Special Orders Held in the U.S. House of Representatives and the Senate, Presented in Honor of The Honorable Morris K. "Mo" Udall, A Representative from Arizona, One Hundred Second Congress, First Session
Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1993