Legislation in Congress

Honoring Hon. Morris K. Udall


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President George Bush signs legislation designating wilderness lands in Arizona. The bill was the last major piece of legislation sponsored by Congressman Udall before his retirement from the House of Representatives. Pictured from left to right are Senator John McCain of Arizona, Congressman Jim Kolbe of Arizona, President George Bush, Mrs. Norma Udall (representing the Honorable Morris Udall), and Secretary of the Interior Manuel Lujan.
 

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Letter written by Congressman Kolbe after the bill-signing ceremony at the White House.


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Morris K. Udall Scholarship and Excellence in

National Environmental Policy Act

Proceedings in the Senate


Thursday, May 23, 1991.


By Mr. DECONCINI (for himself, Mr. McCain, Mr. Domenici, Mr. Sarbanes, Mr. Burdick, Mr. Harkin, Mr. Baucus, Mr. Wirth, Mr. Kennedy, Mr. Bradley, Mr. Inouye, Mr. Reid, Mr. Daschle, Mr. Akaka, Mr. Bryan, Mr. Bingaman, Mr. Hatch, Mr. Nunn, Mr. Chafee, and Mr. Simpson):

S. 1176. A bill to establish the Morris K. Udall Scholarship and Excellence in National Environmental Policy Foundation, and for other purposes; to the Committee on Environment and Public Works.

Mr. DECONCINI. Mr. President, I am here today with very mixed feelings. On the one hand, I am saddened by the fact that after 30 years of outstanding and distinguished service, Mo Udall is no longer a Member of Congress. Yet, I am heartened by the fact that I had the opportunity to serve with this giant of the legislative branch. He was a mentor and a friend and I shall sorely miss his counsel, his advice, his wit, and friendship.

He will also be missed by all his colleagues. As the Members of the House of Representatives recently demonstrated in their floor tributes, Mo is an irreplaceable Member of that body. His colleagues in the House--liberals, conservatives, Democrats, and Republicans--each had his or her little story about Mo Udall--each from a different perspective--but each pointing out that for 30 years Mo was a shining example of what a Congressman should be.

I am extremely proud that during most of those 30 years Mo Udall was my Congressman. During his long tenure, Mo distinguished himself in many areas--postal reform, campaign finance reform, civil service reform, foreign relations, to name just a few. As one of the founders and the first Chairman of the Office of

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Technology Assessment, Mo also demonstrated his deep interest in science and mathematics. But I believe Mo's work on behalf of the environment will be his greatest monument.

Protecting our environment presents us with one of the greatest challenges, if not the greatest challenge, now facing our Nation and the world. The legislation I am introducing today, along with 19 of my colleagues, honors the legacy of Morris K. Udall by carrying on his work on the environment in a way in which I think Mo would approve. This legislation creates a foundation with a $40 million endowment that will award scholarships, fellowships, and internships to outstanding students pursuing environmental studies. From his seat as chairman of the House Interior Committee, Mo focused his legislative agenda on resolving the problems facing our environment and natural resources. Training young people to solve today's environmental problems and prevent future ones is a fitting tribute to the man who dedicated his entire legislative career to educating the public on the precarious relationship we have with our environment, both individually and collectively.

The Foundation would also fund some of the programs of the Udall Center located on the campus of the University of Arizona, Mo's alma mater. The Udall Center will invite visiting policy makers to share their practical experiences in the environmental area; convene panels of experts to discuss contemporary environmental issues; and develop and implement a program of environmental research and environmental conflict resolution.

The bill will also allow for the funding of a repository for the papers of Morris K. Udall, as well as the papers of other appropriate individuals. This will insure their availability to the public.

Many men and women have had the good fortune to be allowed to serve in the Congress of the United States. Most serve with honor. Many serve with distinction, but only a handful leave the legacy that Morris K. Udall has left during his 30 years in the Congress of the United States.

This bill would both honor Mo and hopefully make a significant contribution to addressing and resolving the environmental problems that lie ahead.

Mr. President, I urge all Members of the U.S. Senate to join with me in honoring Mo Udall by cosponsoring this legislation.

Mr. President, I ask unanimous consent that statements from Senators McCain and Kennedy appear in the record at this point as if read.

Also, I ask unanimous consent that the full text of the bill be printed at this point in the record and urge its expeditious consideration.
 

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There being no objection, the bill was ordered to be printed in the record.

Mr. McCAIN. Mr. President, it's with both great joy and sadness that I rise today to acknowledge the retirement from Congress of our friend and colleague Morris K. Udall.

Much has been said and written about Mo Udall by individuals of far greater eloquence than me, so I will be brief. I would, however, like to submit for the Record some of the editorials and columns which have appeared to honor Mo and his life's work.

I wonder how one finds the words to talk about a man who has achieved so much, who has served with such distinction and who has touched the lives of so many. Only two words keep coming back to me, over and over again--thank you.

Thank you, Mo Udall, for gracing our national and political life with your talent and humor. Thank you for your courage, compassion and integrity. Thank you for exemplifying all that is good and decent in public service. Thank you for devoting your life to your country. Thank you for making our Nation and our world a better place to live.

The imprint of Mo Udall is prominent in the laws of our Nation, his values memorialized in a natural heritage which is richer and healthier because of him. He is a public figure of enormous significance to the history of our Nation. But I'm sure what matters most to Mo Udall, is not his place in legal briefs and history books. Rather, Mo probably sees his legacy in the smiles of the countless souls whose lives he enriches by the fruits of his life's work. What greater legacy can a man leave? When we think of Mo Udall, we should think of the smiles and the joy he brings and will continue to bring to a world very much in need.

The creation of a Morris K. Udall Excellence in National Environmental Policy Foundation and Scholarship is a proper tribute to our friend and colleague. Senator DeConcini is to be congratulated for bringing this initiative together. It will ensure that Mo's passion and commitment to our natural heritage will endure. It is our way of saying thank you.

I know this is a very emotional time for Mo and his family. Our thoughts and prayers are with you. And, once again, thank you Mo Udall.

[Articles and editorials begin on page 227.]

Mr. KENNEDY. Mr. President, it is an honor to join as a sponsor of this measure to establish the Mo Udall scholarship and advance the cause to which he devoted so much of his public career--the preservation of our environment and our magnificent natural resources.
 

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The retirement of Congressman Udall was a sad day for Congress, the country, and the legions of citizens in America and many other lands whose lives are better today because of his brilliant public service. He will rank as one of the greatest Members of the House of Representatives of all time, and also as one of the most beloved.

As Mo liked to say, the job of leaders is to lead. And lead he did. As chairman of the House Interior Committee, he was "Mr. Environment" in the Congress, urging the Nation to deal more effectively with the increasingly urgent environmental challenges we face. His leadership on these issues was especially courageous in the long battle he led to regulate the strip mining industry, against the vigorous resistance of the industry in his State.

Mo Udall's leadership was equally preeminent on many other issues. Somehow, for 30 years, whenever you probed to the heart of the great concerns of the day, you found Mo Udall in the thick of the battle, championing the rights of average citizens against special interest pressures, defending the highest ideals of America, and always doing it with the special grace and wit that were his trademark and that endeared him to Democrats and Republicans alike.

I think particularly of his influential role in ending the Vietnam war. Mo Udall was one of the first leaders in the Congress in the 1960's to break with the administration and oppose the war. Because of his action, we were able to end the war more quickly.

I also think of his early battles to reform the seniority system and to make the Congress more responsive to the people we serve. In carrying forward these efforts today, we continue to follow the paths he blazed so well throughout his remarkable career.

Above all, I think of the extraordinary courage he has displayed in recent years in battling the cruel disease that finally led to his resignation from the Congress. In this, as in so many other battles, Mo won the respect and admiration and affection of us all.

The legislation we are introducing today is a fitting tribute to Mo Udall's indispensable leadership during the past three decades in the Congress. We will miss him in the years ahead, and so will the country.

Mr. President, I ask unanimous consent that an eloquent recent tribute by David Broder to Mo Udall may be printed.

[The article may be found in this volume on page 229.]
 

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Thursday, November 21, 1991.


Mr. LEVIN. Mr. President, I ask unanimous consent that the Environment and Public Works Committee be discharged from further consideration of S. 1176, the Morris K. Udall Scholarship and Excellence in National Environmental Policy Act, and that the Senate then proceed to its immediate consideration.

The PRESIDING OFFICER. Without objection, it is so ordered. The committee is discharged.

The clerk will report.

The assistant legislative clerk read as follows:

A bill (S. 1176) to establish the Morris K. Udall Scholarship and excellence in National Environmental Policy Foundation, and for other purposes.

The PRESIDING OFFICER. Is there objection to the immediate consideration of the bill?

There being no objection, the Senate proceeded to consider the bill.

Mr. BURDICK. Mr. President I am pleased to join with my colleagues Senator Chafee and DeConcini in urging the passage of S. 1176, legislation to authorize the Morris K. Udall Scholarship and Excellence in National Environmental Policy at the University of Arizona. For nearly 30 years the gentle giant from Tucson represented his constituents with dedication, intelligence, and above all humor.

It is fitting that Congressman Udall's alma mater, the University of Arizona will be the site of the Udall Center for Environmental Policy. Morris Udall and environmental protection have been synonymous all his life. Mo Udall stood for environmental protection long before it became part of America's vocabulary. His efforts concerning public land management, wilderness, wild and scenic river designation, surface mining regulation and reclamation are legendary.

Early in my Senate career I served on the Senate Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs. On numerous occasions I had the pleasure of working with Congressman Udall. We worked on many issues of vital importance to the West. Mo Udall was always fair, he was always a gentleman and his word was his bond.

Senator DeConcini will offer an amendment to add the training of Indian health care professionals to the mission of the foundation. Few in Congress have done more to advance the well being of native Americans than Mo Udall. As a member of the Senate Select Committee on Indian Affairs I strongly support this amendment. The health care problems confronting native Americans are

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varied and cry out for solutions. I look forward to working in the future with native American health care professionals who will be Udall scholars.

Again I commend my colleague from Arizona, Mr. DeConcini, for initiating this legislation. I urge all of my colleagues to support this bill as fitting tribute to a man who served his constituents and the Nation well for nearly 30 years.

Mr. CHAFEE. Mr. President, I am proud to be a sponsor, along with Senators DeConcini, Burdick, and others, of the Morris K. Udall Scholarship and Excellence in National Environmental Policy Act.

I can think of no Member of Congress more deserving of this tribute than Mo Udall. He was an environmentalist before it was fashionable. His list of accomplishments on behalf of the environment and the preservation of natural resources is too long to enumerate.

As chairman of the Interior Committee in the House of Representatives, he infused an environmental ethic into our policies governing our national parks, mining and mineral exploration, government land, and Indian Tribes. The Alaska Lands Act and comprehensive laws governing strip mining stand as major accomplishments in the career of one of the most productive legislators of our time.

The Senator from Arizona (Mr. DeConcini) should be commended for crafting this legislation. I am hopeful that all of my colleagues will join with us in honoring Mo Udall with this fitting tribute to his 30 years of service to the Nation.


AMENDMENT NO. 1386

(PURPOSE: TO AMEND THE BILL REGARDING NATIVE AMERICANS AND ALASKA NATIVES)

Mr. LEVIN. Mr. President, I send an amendment to the desk on behalf of Senator DeConcini and ask for its immediate consideration.

The PRESIDING OFFICER. The clerk will report.

The assistant legislative clerk read as follows:

The Senator from Michigan (Mr. Levin), for Mr. DeConcini, proposes an amendment numbered 1386.

Mr. LEVIN. Mr. President, I ask unanimous consent that reading of the amendment be dispensed with.

The PRESIDING OFFICER. Without objection, it is so ordered.

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Mr. DeCONCINI. Mr. President, I am pleased that the Senate is today considering the Mo Udall Scholarship and Excellence in National Environmental Policy Act. This legislation is a fitting tribute to one of the finest individuals who has ever served in Congress. It is sponsored by 23 Senators, including the distinguished chairman and ranking member of the Environment and Public Works Committee.

Mo Udall was first elected to Congress in 1961 by a special election to replace his brother Stewart who was selected by President Kennedy to serve as the Secretary of Interior. During his tenure in Congress, Mo worked tirelessly to serve the people of the Second Congressional District, the State of Arizona, and the Nation. Although he was a leader in a number of areas, Civil Service Reform, Health Care and Campaign Finance Reform among them, he will be especially remembered for his commitment to protecting our precious natural resources. He was the author of landmark legislation such as the strip mining bill of 1977, the Alaska Lands Act of 1980 and most recently the Arizona Desert Wilderness Act of 1990. Mo often said that, "a nation that does not love and respect its land, does not respect itself."

It is for this reason that I introduced the Mo Udall Scholarship and Excellence in National Environmental Policy Act. This legislation will establish a national foundation as an independent entity of the executive branch with the express purposes of. First, increasing the awareness of the importance and promoting the benefit and enjoyment of our Nation's natural resources; second, fostering among the American population a greater recognition and understanding of the role of the environment, public lands and resources in the development of the United States; third, identifying critical environmental issues; fourth, establishing a Program for Environmental Policy Research and an Environmental Conflict Resolution Program at the Udall Center for Studies in Public Policy on the campus of the University of Arizona; and fifth, developing resources to properly train professionals in the environment and related fields; and sixth, providing educational outreach on environmental issues.

To accomplish these goals, the legislation establishes a 10-member board of directors comprised of two Members of the House of Representatives, two Members of the Senate, two individuals selected by the President, the Secretaries of Interior and Education and two members from Mo's alma mater, the University of Arizona. The board will award scholarships, fellowships, internships, and grants to deserving individuals to pursue studies related to the environment.

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The Foundation will also support the activities of the Udall Center on the campus of the University of Arizona. The Udall Center was established in 1987 to sponsor research and forums on a variety of critical public policy issues. Among the activities of the Udall Center that will be supported by the Foundation are the establishment of an environmental conflict resolution center, the creation of a repository for the Udall papers, and assembling an annual panel of experts to discuss contemporary environmental issues.

The legislation authorizes the creation of the Morris K. Udall Scholarship and Excellence in National Environmental Policy trust fund in the amount of $40 million which is to be administered by the Foundation. The proceeds of this trust fund will enable the Foundation to carry out the provisions of this legislation.

During consideration of the fiscal year 1992 Interior Appropriations bill, the Mo Udall Foundation was a topic of discussion between the House and Senate conferees for this legislation. There was unanimous praise for Mo by both his former House colleagues and the Senators on this conference committee. Accordingly, $5 million was included in this bill as an initial downpayment on the trust fund pending authorization. Also, in recognition of Mo's work on behalf of our native Americans, Chairman Yates suggested that S. 1176 be amended to add the training of Indian health care professionals as a goal of the Foundation. I felt at the time, and still do, that this is an outstanding suggestion and therefore, I am offering an amendment that will do just that.

Also, to build on Mo's work on behalf of Indian self-determination, S. 1176 will also be amended so that the Foundation can provide scholarships to train native Americans in the field of public policy. As chairman of the House Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs, Mo was largely responsible for the passage of landmark Indian legislation such as the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act, the Indian Financing Act, the Indian Self-Determination Act, the American Indian Policy Review Commission Act, the American Indian Religious Freedom Act, the Indian Child Welfare Act, the Indian Alcohol and Substance Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act, the Native American Grave Protection and Repatriation Act, and the Indian Child Protection and Family Violence Act.

Mr. President, Mo's efforts on behalf of our native American are nothing short of herculean. In the 14 years he was chairman of the House Interior Committee, over 184 Indian bills have been enacted into law. It is only appropriate that S. 1176 be amended to recognize Mo's efforts on behalf of the first Americans.

Mr. President, I want to thank the chairman and ranking member of Environment and Public Works Committee for their ef-

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forts to move this legislation forward. Without their assistance, we would not be here today.

Mr. President, this legislation will not only serve as a monument to one of our truly outstanding colleagues, but it will serve to prepare and train the next generation of leaders such as Mo Udall. I ask that my colleagues join me in supporting this legislation.

Mr. President, I ask unanimous consent that a list of Public Laws sponsored by Mo Udall be entered into the Record at this point. This list while not entirely complete, shows how prolific a legislator Mo was.

[This list appears in this volume on page xvi.]

Mr. McCAIN. Mr. President, today the Senate will honor a great man and a national treasure: Morris K. Udall.

When I last addressed the Senate about Mo it was on the occasion of his retirement. I wondered how to find words to honor one who has achieved so much, who has served his country and his countrymen with such grace and distinction.

I realized words could never fully describe what Mo Udall means to Arizona and our Nation. They ring hollow in tribute to a life which has exemplified action and achievement.

Mo Udall figures prominently in the laws of our Nation, his values memorialized in a natural heritage which is richer and healthier because of him. He is a public figure of enormous significance to our Nation's history. But the true measure of Mo's legacy can be found in the smiles of the countless souls whose lives he has touched.

Above all Mo Udall is a man of talent and humor, courage, compassion and integrity. The only worthy tribute would be to ensure the Nation carries on the work he has so nobly advanced.

Today, the Senate will vote to create the Morris K. Udall Excellence in National Environmental Policy Foundation and Scholarship. Passage of the legislation will ensure that the excellence of Mo Udall, his passion for the responsible stewardship of our natural resources, will endure in the leaders of tomorrow.

I congratulate Senator DeConcini on his leadership and hard work in bringing this initiative before the Senate. Passage of this legislation is our way of saying--thank you Mo Udall, we have learned from you and your work will be carried on.

The PRESIDING OFFICER. If there be no further debate, the question is on agreeing to the amendment.

The amendment (No. 1386) was agreed to.

The PRESIDING OFFICER. Is there further debate on the bill as amended?

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Without objection, the bill is engrossed for a third reading, deemed read a third time and passed.
(The text of S. 1176, as passed today by the Senate, will be printed in a future edition of the Record.)
Mr. LEVIN. Mr. President, I move to reconsider the vote by which the bill as amended, was passed.
Mr. WARNER. I move to lay that motion on the table.
The motion to lay on the table was agreed to.
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Morris K. Udall Scholarship and Excellence in

National Environmental Policy Act

Proceedings in the House


Monday, November 25, 1991.
Mr. PASTOR. Mr. Speaker, I ask unanimous consent to take from the Speaker's table the Senate bill (S. 1176) to establish the Morris K. Udall Scholarship and Excellence in National Environmental Policy Foundation, and for other purposes, and ask for its immediate consideration in the House.

The Clerk read the title of the Senate bill.

The SPEAKER pro tempore. Is there objection to the request of the gentleman from Arizona?

Mr. GOODLING. Mr. Speaker, reserving the right to object, I would ask the gentleman from Arizona (Mr. Pastor) to explain the program.

Mr. PASTOR. Mr. Speaker, will the gentleman yield?

Mr. GOODLING. I yield to the gentleman from Arizona.

Mr. PASTOR. Mr. Speaker, S. 1176 authorizes the establishment of the Morris K. Udall Scholarship and Excellence in National Environmental Policy at the University of Arizona in Tucson. The national foundation is an independent entity within the executive branch.

The purposes of the foundation are severalfold:

First, to increase the awareness of the importance of our natural resources;

Second, to foster among all Americans a recognition of the special relationship they have with the environment;

Third, to identify important environmental issues;

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Fourth, to establish a program for environmental policy research and a program for environmental conflict resolution at the Udall Center at the University of Arizona;

Fifth, to develop resources to train professionals in the field of environmental policy and related areas;

Sixth, to disseminate educational information on environmental issues.

Seventh, to develop resources for proper training native American and Alaska native professionals in area of health care and public policy; and,

Eighth, to provide for scholarships and government internships for training native Americans in the field of public policy.

Mr. Speaker, few have spoken more consistently, and fewer still more eloquently, of our obligations to conserve our natural resources and to protect the rights of our first Americans than Mo Udall.

When Mo first entered Congress in 1961 to succeed his brother Stewart, we looked upon our land and water as resources to be developed and exploited. Long before the environmental movement emerged, Mo Udall reminded the country that man has a special relationship with his land, water and air. He made us understand we are a part of nature, not separated from it.

Mo Udall worked to restore dignity to a proud people. He was among the first to recognize that the native American struggle for self-determination be taken seriously. He fought to give native Americans the assistance they needed to develop their internal institutions of self-government and the resources necessary for tribal economic development.

This legislation is a fitting tribute to Mo, and it builds on his record of 30 years of service in Congress. The legislation establishes a 10-member board of directors comprised of two Members of the House of Representatives, two Members of the Senate, two individuals selected by the President, the Secretaries of Interior and Education and two members of the University of Arizona. The board will award scholarships, fellowships, internships, and grants to deserving individuals to pursue studies related to the environment, native American and Alaska native health care, and tribal public policy.

The foundation will support the establishment of an environmental conflict resolution center at the Udall Center on the campus of the University of Arizona, Mo's alma mater. It will create a repository for the Udall papers and will assemble an annual panel of experts to discuss contemporary environmental issues and conduct research on native American and Alaska native health care issues and tribal public policy.

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Mr. Speaker, I wish to thank the chairman and ranking member of the Education and Labor Committee for their cooperation in seeing that this legislation received expedited consideration. I also wish to thank my colleagues, Representatives Obey and Rhodes for sponsoring and supporting the House version of this legislation. Without their assistance and the help of their staffs, we would not be discussing this bill today.

Mr. Speaker, I urge my colleagues to pay tribute to Mo Udall's legacy by joining me in supporting this legislation today. I thank the gentleman for yielding.

Mr. GOODLING. Mr. Speaker, further reserving the right to object, I shall not object, but I just want to say that, if we had $5 million to spend, I cannot think of a finer gentleman to honor than Mo Udall.

Mr. Speaker, I rise in support of S. 1176 and its House companion bill H.R. 3268, the Morris K. Udall Scholarship and Excellence in National Environmental Policy. This bill is in the jurisdiction of the Committee on Education and Labor, and is before us today for consideration.

The bill pays tribute to a distinguished statesman, Morris Udall (Mo), with whom I enjoyed working during all the years of my service in the House of Representatives. When I arrived in Congress, I immediately discovered that Mo Udall was a true statesman. He was always well prepared, did his homework, and articulated his beliefs. His physical stature was a metaphor, representative of his ability as a colleague for he was truly equal to his height. I hope that this bill can honor him as he so admirably deserves.

Again, Mr. Speaker I rise in support of S. 1176 and ask my colleagues to join me in its swift passage.

Mr. Speaker, I withdraw my reservation of objection.

The SPEAKER pro tempore. Is there objection to the request of the gentleman from Arizona?

There was no objection.

The Clerk read the Senate bill, as follows:

S. 1176

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. Short Title

This Act may be cited as the "Morris K. Udall Scholarship and Excellence in National Environmental Policy Act".

SEC. 2. Findings.

The Congress finds that--

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(1) For three decades, Congressman Morris K. Udall has served his country with distinction and honor;

(2) Congressman Morris K. Udall has had a lasting impact on this Nation's environment, public lands, and natural resources, and has instilled in this Nation's youth a love of the air, land and water;

(3) Congressman Morris K. Udall has been a champion of the rights of Native Americans and Alaska Natives and has used his leadership in the Congress to strengthen tribal self-governance; and

(4) it is a fitting tribute to the leadership, courage, and vision Congressman Morris K. Udall exemplifies to establish in his name programs to encourage the continued use, enjoyment, education, and exploration of our Nation's rich and bountiful natural resources.

SEC. 3.Definitions

For the purposes of this Act--

(1) the term "Board" means the Board of Trustees of the Morris K. Udall Scholarship and Excellence in National Environmental Policy Foundation established under section 4(b);

(2) the term "Center" means the Udall Center for Studies in Public Policy established at the University of Arizona in 1987;

(3) the term "eligible individual" means a citizen or national of the United States or a permanent resident alien of the United States;

(4) the term "Foundation" means the Morris K. Udall Scholarship and Excellence in National Environmental Policy Foundation established under section 4(a);

(5) the term "fund" means the Morris K. Udall Scholarship and Excellence in National Environmental Policy Trust Fund established in section 8;

(6) the term "institution of higher education" has the same meaning given to such term by section 1201(a) of the Higher Education Act of 1965; and

(7) the term "State" means each of the several States, the District of Columbia, Guam, the Virgin Islands, American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, the Republic of the Marshall Islands, the Federal States of Micronesia, and the Republic of Palau (until the Compact of Free Association is ratified).

SEC. 4. Establishment of the Morris K. Udall Scholarship and Excellence in National Environmental Policy Foundation

(a) ESTABLISHMENT. -- There is established as an independent entity of the executive branch of the United States Government, the Morris K. Udall Scholarship and Excellence in National Environmental Policy Foundation.

(b) BOARD OF TRUSTEES. -- The Foundation shall be subject to the supervision and direction of the Board of Trustees. The Board shall be comprised of 10 members, as follows:

(1) Two Members, one appointed by the Speaker of the House of Representatives and one appointed by the Minority Leader of the House of Representatives.

(2) Two Members, one appointed by the Majority Leader and one appointed by the Minority Leader of the Senate.

(3) Two Members, appointed by the President, who have shown leadership and interest in

(A) the continued use, enjoyment, education, and exploration of our Nation's rich and bountiful natural resources, such as presidents of major foundations involved with the environment; and

(B) in the improvement of the health status of Native Americans and Alaska Natives and in strengthening tribal self-governance, such as tribal leaders involved in health and public policy development affecting Native American and Alaska Native communities.

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(4) One Member, appointed by the President of the University of Arizona after consultation with the Center, who has shown leadership and interest in the continued use, enjoyment, education and exploration of the Nation's rich and bountiful resources.

(5) The Secretary of the Interior, or the Secretary's designee, who shall serve as a voting ex officio member of the Board but shall not be eligible to serve as Chairperson.

(6) The Secretary of Education, or the Secretary's designee, who shall serve as a voting ex officio member of the Board but shall not be eligible to serve as Chairperson.

(7) The President of the University of Arizona shall serve as a nonvoting, ex officio member and shall not be eligible to serve as chairperson.

(c) TERM OF OFFICE.

(1) IN GENERAL.--The term of office of each member of the Board shall be six years, except that

(A) in the case of the Board members first taking offices

(i) members appointed by the President shall serve for 2 years; and

(ii) the Members appointed by the Senate and the member appointed by the President of the University of Arizona shall each serve for 4 years; and

(B) a Member appointed to fill a vacancy shall serve for the remainder of the term for which the member's predecessor was appointed and shall be appointed in the same manner as the original appointment for that vacancy was made.

(d) TRAVEL AND SUBSISTENCE PAY.--Members of the Board shall serve without pay, but shall be entitled to reimbursement for travel, subsistence, and other necessary expenses incurred in the performance of their duties as members of the Board.

(e) LOCATION OF FOUNDATION. --The Foundation shall be located in Tucson, Arizona.

(f) EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR.

(1) IN GENERAL.--There shall be an Executive Director of the Foundation who shall be appointed by the Board. The Executive Director shall be the chief executive officer of the Foundation and shall carry out the functions of the Foundation subject to the supervision and direction of the Board. The Executive Director shall carry out such other functions consistent with the provisions of this Act as the Board shall prescribe.

(2) COMPENSATION.--The Executive Director of the Foundation shall be compensated at the rate specified for employees in level IV of the Executive Schedule under section 5315 of title 5, United States Code.

SEC. 5. Purpose of the Foundation

It is the purpose of the Foundation to--

(1) increase awareness of the importance of and promote the benefit and enjoyment of the Nation's natural resources;

(2) foster among the American population greater recognition and understanding of the role of the environment, public lands and resources in the development of the United States;

(3) identify critical environmental issues;

(4) establish a Program for Environmental Policy Research and an Environmental Conflict Resolution at the Center;

(5) develop resources to properly train professionals in the environmental and related fields;

(6) provide educational outreach regarding environmental policy; and

(7) develop resources to properly train Native American and Alaska Native professionals in health care and public policy.

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SEC. 6. Authority of the Foundation
(a) AUTHORITY OF THE FOUNDATION.--

(1) IN GENERAL. -- (A) The Foundation, in consultation with the Center, is authorized to identify and conduct such programs, activities, and services as the Foundation considers appropriate to carry out the purposes described in section 5. The Foundation shall have the authority to award scholarships, fellowships, internships, and grants and fund the Center to carry out and manage other programs, activities and services.

(B) The Foundation may provide, directly or by contract, for the conduct of national competition for the purpose of selecting recipients of scholarships, fellowships, internships and grants awarded under this Act.

(C) The Foundation may award scholarships, fellowships, internships and grants to eligible individuals in accordance with the provisions of this Act for study in fields related to the environment and Native American and Alaska Native health care and tribal public policy. Such scholarships, fellowships, internships and grants shall be awarded to eligible individuals who meet the minimum criteria established by the Foundation.

(2) SCHOLARSHIPS. -- Scholarships shall be awarded to outstanding undergraduate students who intend to pursue careers related to the environment and to outstanding Native American and Alaska Native undergraduate students who intend to pursue careers in health care and tribal public policy.

(B) An eligible individual awarded a scholarship under this Act may receive payments under this Act only during such periods as the Foundation finds that the eligible individual is maintaining satisfactory proficiency and devoting full time to study or research and is not engaging in gainful employment other than employment approved by the Foundation pursuant to regulations of the Board.

(C) The Foundation may require reports containing such information, in such form, and to be filed at such times as the Foundation determines to be necessary from any eligible individual awarded a scholarship under this Act. Such reports shall be accompanied by a certificate from an appropriate official at the institution of higher education, approved by the Foundation, stating that such individual is making satisfactory progress in, and is devoting essentially full time to study or research, except as otherwise provided in this subsection.

(3) FELLOWSHIPS. -- Fellowships shall be awarded to

(A) outstanding graduate students who intend to pursue advanced degrees in fields related to the environment and to outstanding Native American and Alaska Native graduate students who intend to pursue advanced degrees in health care and tribal public policy, including law and medicine; and

(B) faculty from a variety of disciplines to bring the expertise of such faculty to the Foundation.

(4) INTERNSHIPS. -- Internships shall be awarded to

(A) deserving and qualified individuals to participate in internships in Federal, State and local agencies or in offices of major environmental organizations pursuant to section 5; and

(B) deserving and qualified Native American and Alaska Native individuals to participate in internships in Federal, State and local agencies or in offices of major public health or public policy organizations pursuant to section 5.

(5) GRANTS.--The Foundation shall award grants to the Center

(A) to provide for an annual panel of experts to discuss contemporary environmental issues;

(B) to conduct environmental policy research;

(C) to conduct research on Native American and Alaska Native health care issues and tribal public policy issues; and

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(D) for visiting policymakers to share the practical experiences of such for visiting policymakers with the Foundation.

(6) REPOSITORY.--The Foundation shall provide direct or indirect assistance from the proceeds of the Fund to the Center to maintain the current site of the repository for Morris K. Udall's papers and other such public papers as may be appropriate and assure such papers' availability to the public.

(7) COORDINATION.--The Foundation shall assist in the development and implementation of a Program for Environmental Policy Research and Environmental Conflict Resolution to be located at the Center.

(b) MORRIS K. UDALL SCHOLARS. -- Recipients of scholarships, fellowships, internships and grants under this Act shall be known as "Morris K. Udall Scholars".

(c) PROGRAM PRIORITIES.--The Foundation shall determine the priority of the programs to be carried out under this Act and the amount of funds to be allocated for such programs. However, not less than 50 percent shall be utilized for the programs set forth in section 6(a)(2), section 6(a)(3) and section 6(a)(4), not more than 15 percent shall be used for salaries and other administrative purposes, and not less than 20 percent shall be appropriated to the Center for section 6(a)(5), section 6(a)(6) and section 6(a)(7) conditioned on a 25 percent match from other sources and further conditioned on adequate space at the Center being made available for the Executive Director and other appropriate staff of the Foundation by the Center.

SEC. 7. Establishment of the Morris K. Udall Scholarship and Excellence in National Environmental Policy Trust Fund

(a) ESTABLISHMENT OF FUND. -- There is established in the Treasury of the United States a trust fund to be known as the "Morris K. Udall Scholarship and Excellence in National Environmental Policy Trust Fund" to be administered by a Foundation. The fund shall consist of amounts appropriated to it pursuant to section 10 and amounts credited to it under subsection (d).

(b) INVESTMENT OF FUND ASSETS.

(1) IN GENERAL.--It shall be the duty of the Secretary of the Treasury to invest, at the direction of the Foundation Board, in full the amounts appropriated to the fund. Such investments shall be in Public Debt Securities with maturities suitable to the needs of the Fund. Investments in Public Debt Securities shall bear "interest at rates determined by the Secretary of the Treasury taking into consideration the current average market yield on outstanding marketable obligations of the United States" of comparable maturity.

SEC. 8. Expenditures and Audit of Trust Fund

(a) IN GENERAL.--The Foundation shall pay from the interest and earnings of the fund such sums as the Board determines are necessary and appropriate to enable the Foundation to carry out the provisions of this Act.

(b) AUDIT By GENERAL ACCOUNTING OFFICE.--The activities of the Foundation and the Center under this Act may be audited by the General Accounting Office under such rules and regulations as may be prescribed by the Comptroller General of the United States. Representatives of the General Accounting Office shall have access to all books, accounts, records, reports filed and all other papers, things, or property belonging to or in use by the Foundation and the Center, pertaining to such federally assisted activities and necessary to facilitate the audit.

SEC. 9. Administrative Provisions

(a) IN GENERAL.--In order to carry out the provisions of this Act, the Foundation may--

(1) appoint and fix the compensation of such personnel as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this Act, except that in no case shall employees other

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than the Executive Director be compensated at a rate to exceed the maximum rate for employees in grade GS-15 of the General Schedule under section 5332 of title 5, United States Code;

(2) procure or fund the Center to procure temporary and intermittent services of experts and consultants as are necessary to the extent authorized by section 3109 of title 5, United States Code, but at rates not to exceed the rate specified at the time of such service for level IV of the Executive Schedule under section 5315 of title 5, United States Code;

(3) prescribe such regulations as the Foundation considers necessary governing the manner in which its functions shall be carried out;

(4) accept, hold, administer and utilize gifts, both real and personal, for the purpose of aiding or facilitating the work of the Foundation.

(5) accept and utilize the services of voluntary and noncompensated personnel and reimburse such personnel for travel expenses, including per diem, as authorized by section 5703 of title 5, United States Code;

(6) enter into contracts, grants, or other arrangements or modifications thereof, to carry out the provisions of this Act, and such contracts or modifications thereof may, with the concurrence of two-thirds of the members of the Board, be entered into without performance or other bonds, and without regard to section 3709 of the Revised Statutes (41 U.S.C. 5); and

(7) make other necessary expenditures.

SEC. 10. Authorization of Appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated to the fund $40,000,000 to carry out the provisions of this Act.

The Senate bill was ordered to be read a third time, was read the third time, and passed, and a motion to reconsider was laid on the table.

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Section Contents: Morris K. Udall Scholarship
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Addresses and Special Orders Held in the U.S. House of Representatives and the Senate, Presented in Honor of The Honorable Morris K. "Mo" Udall, A Representative from Arizona, One Hundred Second Congress, First Session
Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1993