|gave Arizona the green light for another
major fight in Congress, we've had four years of frustration. Each October
must have seemed to Arizonans the same old story: after months of committee
hearings, "summit meetings" between the states, new compromise bills, news
stories and editorials, the congressional delegation would have to admit
defeat for the year, while vowing a fresh effort in January. My 1966 opponent
may have struck a responsive chord with many discouraged Arizonans when
he blasted me for continuing to hold out "false hopes" and declared, "I
am convinced that CAP will not pass this session of Congress, nor the next,
nor during any other session."
But finally victory did come, and it came
through the efforts of hundreds of Arizonans working together in a common
cause. On September 30, I had a moment I'd long awaited--standing at the
White House while President Johnson wrote his name on a piece of paper.
At that moment, CAP was no longer a dream--it was now certain to become
a reality. The Central Arizona Project will be built! Water will flow from
Lake Havasu to Phoenix, on to the fertile lands of Pinal County, and thence
A FINAL REPORT
Since 1963, I've written five newsletters on the
CAP. For this final report in an hour of triumph I just want to comment
and explain four major effects of its passage:
1 -- Insurance for Economic Growth
First, the action by Congress removes a major
barrier to sound, orderly economic growth in our state. It is a hard fact,
one which many of us have been reluctant to discuss, that hard-headed industrial
leaders have had misgivings about location or expansion in Central and
Southern Arizona when a permanent, long-range water supply was in doubt.
These doubts are now removed, and I believe we will begin to see an impact
in management decisions about payrolls, industries and jobs. Industry always
looks for a sound economic base of markets, labor availability, electricity
and fuel, community facilities, etc. Water is a crucial part of that
base, and until now Arizona could not always give satisfactory assurances.
Industry looks, too, for an environment which
will help it attract employees. The Central Arizona Project will bring
Arizona more recreational facilities with new lakes at Orme, Buttes and
Charleston dams and new possibilities for recreation development in the
northland through CAP's water exchange provisions.
2 - Construction Means Payrolls
Second, during the next 10 years a gigantic federal
construction program will pour $465 million into our state, providing a
tremendous stimulus for Arizona business. This
|means payrolls for thousands of construction
workers, truckers, draftsmen, engineers, office workers, etc. One of the
world's biggest aqueduct systems will be constructed over 340 miles from
Lake Havasu all the way to Tucson. The system will include 169-foot, $42
million Orme Dam east of Phoenix; 210-foot, $32 million Buttes Dam above
Florence; and 158-foot, $33 million Charleston Dam east of Ft. Huachuca.
There will be pumping stations, canals and other facilities built, too.
Even after construction, the Central Arizona Project
will be a major industry. Every year an estimated $9 million will be spent
for operation and maintenance.
3 - Grand Canyon Untouched
Third, it should be noted that the bill as passed
not only does not authorize construction of the controversial Grand Canyon
dams, but construction of any dam in the canyon is specifically prohibited
until and unless a future Congress removes the moratorium imposed by the
new law. This was a bitterly argued question, both in Arizona and throughout
the nation. Personally, I'm happy that Arizona can "have its cake and eat
it too"--build CAP and have the Grand Canyon left as it is.
4 - Peace on the River
Finally, for the 11 states of the Far West and
especially for the seven Colorado River states, passage of CAP means peace
on the river and the end of a bitter water war which threatened to stalemate
the development of an entire region. We began in 1963 seeking a simple
CAP bill. We soon found that any proposal to take a big, new chunk of water
out of a river in the nation's driest and fastest growing section raised
serious questions in other states. In fact, the shock waves extended not
just to Los Angeles but to Boise, Portland and Seattle. It soon became
apparent that there would be no CAP unless there was a broad, regional
settlement looking at least as far ahead as the year 2000. With this great
settlement, the western states have laid a foundation of water statesmanship
and cooperation which I believe will serve us and the nation well.
A PROGRAM FOR THE FUTURE
Many authorities agree that by the year 2000 the
Colorado River is likely to be short of meeting all its demands and commitments.
By then, Arizona's population of 2 million and California's 20 million
doubled. Much of the congressional debate centered on
the kind of program which ought to be pursured to meet this shortage.
Our sister states insisted, and we agreed, that
a vital feature of our bill should be a broad, comprehensive program of
studies looking into every conceivable method of augmenting the water supply
of our water-short region. One source of water considered is the Columbia
River, which pours some 185 million acre-feet a year into the ocean. But
the Columbia Basin states protested vehemently against even preliminary