Research, Write, Publish

Chicago Manual of Style Guide

Chicago Manual of Style Online (16th edition)

Examples below are based on The Chicago Manual of Style, 16th ed., located online at the above link, or in print at Z253 U69 2010 Info. Commons Ref.

Note the specific punctuation, indentation, and abbreviation.

  • It is necessary to alphabetize a list of citations by author.
  • Do not indent the first line. If the information wraps onto more than one line, indent the next line/s 5 spaces or 1/2 inch.

Examples for Bibliography (using Notes-Bibliography style)

Book with one author CMoS

Author's last name, First name and Initial. Title italics. Publication
          location: Publishing company, Year.


Townsend, Robert. The Medieval Village Economy. Princeton:
          Princeton University Press, 1993.

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Book with an editor CMoS

Editor's last name, First name and Initial, ed. Title italics. Publication
          location: Publishing company, Year.


Mcrae, Murdo William, ed. The Literature of Science: Perspectives
          on Popular Science Writing. Athens: University of Georgia
          Press, 1993. 

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Journal article - one author CMoS

Author's last name, First name and Initial. "Title of the Article."
          Journal Title italics Volume number (Year): page numbers.


Yeh, Michelle. "The 'Cult of Poetry' in Contemporary China." Journal
          of Asian Studies  55 (1996): 51-80.

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Journal article - 3 authors CMoS

Author's last name, First name, Author's First name and Last name,
          and Author's First name and Last name. "Title of the Article."
          Journal Title italics Volume number, no. issue number
          (Month or season (if given) Year): page numbers.


White, Sabina, Andrew Winzelberg, and James Norlin. "Laughter
          and Stress." Humor 5, no. 3 (1992): 343-55.

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Newspaper article CMoS

Author's last name, First name. "Title of the article." Newspaper Title
          italics (city, if applicable) month day year, edition if applicable.
          URL (if consulted online)


Greiner, Lynn.  "Wrists on fire? Tech gear for what ails you." 
          Globe and Mail (Toronto) January 27, 2011.


Note that according to the Chicago Manual of Style, citations to items in daily newspapers are more commonly made in the text, and need not be mentioned in the reference list.


In the article entitled  "Wrists on fire? Tech gear for what ails you,"  published in the Globe and Mail , January 27, 2011, Lynn Greiner noted that...

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Online article CMoS

Author's last name, First name and Initial.  "Article title." Article's
          original source publication date: page numbers. Access
          date (if required). DOI (Digital Object Identifier, if present)
          or URL.


Arnott, Gareth, and Robert W. Elwood. “Assessment of fighting
          ability in animal contests.” Animal Behaviour 77, no. 5
          (2009): 991-1004. Accessed March 21, 2011.

Bonner, W. Nigel. “Environmental assessment in the Antarctic.”
          Ambio 18, no.1 (1989): 83-39.

Daley, Beth. “A Tale of a Whale: Scientists, Museum are Eager
          to Study, Display Rare Creature.” Boston Globe, June 11,
          2002, third edition. NewsBank Access World News

Zimmer, Carl. “DNA Studies Suggest Emperor Is Most Ancient
          of Penguins.” New York Times, October 11, 2005, late
          edition. LexisNexis Academic.

Note that it is always necessary to cite the original source of an article even if the article was retrieved from an on-line database or other such electronic source.
DOI is preferred, but if not available, use the shortest, most stable form of the URL. For library databases, if no DOI or persistent URL is available, include the name of the database and, in parentheses, any identification number provided, if present. (CMoS 16, p.763)
Chicago style does not require including an access date. However, if your professor or publisher asks for this, include it after the journal information or publication date, for example, "Accessed July 8, 2010."

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Lecture CMoS

Author's last name, First name and Initial (if given). "Title of the
          lecture." The meeting title. The sponsoring organization
          (if given). Location. Month Day Year.


Atwood, Margaret. "Silencing the Scream." Boundaries of the
          Imagination Forum, MLA Convention. Royal York Hotel.
          Toronto. December 29, 1993.

Note that if a lecture is unpublished and won't be published, it is necessary to only cite the lecture in the text.


During a class lecture on December 12, 1998, Dr. L. Scott noted that...

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Interview CMoS

If the interview is published and/or broadcast:

Interviewee's last name, First name and Initial. "Title of the interview"
          (if given). Interview (if untitled) with interviewer's name. Radio,
          TV program, or Journal title. Program producers (if pertinent).
          Month, Day, Year, edition (if radio, TV, or periodical). Publication
          location: Publishing company, year (if given). Page numbers
          (if given).


Gordimer, Nadine. Interview. New York Times, late ed., October
          10, 1991.


Lansbury, Angela. Interview. Off-Camera: Conversations with
          the Makers of Prime-Time Television, eds. Richard Levinson
          and William Link, New York: Plume-NAL, 1986. 82-86.

If the interview is unpublished and/or unbroadcast:

Interviewee's last name, First name. Interview by interviewer's
          first and last name. Interview format. Location, month
          day, year. Location of the transcript if applicable.


Roemer, Merle A. Interview by author. Tape recording. Millington,
          MD., July 26, 1973.

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Web site CMoS

Author's Last Name, First Name. "Title of the web site." Month
          day, Year of Publication. URL.


Kehoe, Brendan P. "Zen and the Art of the Internet." January

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Email CMoS

Author's last name, first name. Email to recipient's first and
          last name, month day, year.


Danford, Tom. Email to Terry Craig, September 13, 1993.

Note that according to the Chicago Manual of Style, email is regarded as personal communication, and therefore ultimately needs only to be cited in the text.


In an email memo to Terry Craig on the 13th of September, 1993, Tom Danford stated that...

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Art Works CMoS

Works of art reproduced in a printed source (treat as book chapter)

Artist’s last name, first name. "Title of art work," medium, date
          of art work (Institution where art work is housed (if known),
          city where housed if not already named). In Title of printed
          source italicized, by Author of printed source, page or
          plate/figure/slide number. Place of publication: publisher, date.


Cassatt, Mary. "Mother and Child," oil on canvas, c.1890 (Wichita Art
           Museum). In American Painting: 1560-1913, by John Pearce,
           slide 22. New York: McGraw, 1964.


Works of art reproduced in electronic source

Artist’s last name, first name. Title of art work,  medium, date of art
          work (Institution where art work is housed (if known), city
          where housed if not already named). URL.



Monet, Claude. Meadow with Haystacks at Giverny, oil on canvas,
          1885 (Museum of Fine Arts, Boston).

Note that it is optional to give the date of the artwork.
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More Examples, Footnotes & In-text citations CMoS

Here are summaries of changes and a quick guide from the publisher's web site:
      What's new in the 16th Edition
      Significant Rule Changes in the 16th Edition
      Chicago-Style Citation Quick Guide

Chicago Manual of Style - from Purdue's Online Writing Lab (OWL), this guide includes examples using the Notes (footnotes or endnotes)-Bibliography format.

Chicago Manual of Style Notes-Bibliography System Style Guide
Chicago Manual of Style Author-Date System Style Guide
From Ohio State University. These guides include examples using both the footnotes-bibliography style (recommended in the arts, literature and history), and the bibliography and in-text author-date style citations (recommended in the sciences).

Turabian Guides

Turabian Quick Guide - gives examples for two basic documentation systems, notes-bibliography style and parenthetical citations–reference list style. From the publisher's web site.

Turabian Citation Guide (based on Chicago Style) - uses the newer parenthetical reference/reference list style. From Concordia University, Montreal.

Turabian Style Guide (based upon Chicago Style) - created by University of Southern Mississippi.


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Last modified: December 15, 2015