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Geography & Countries

Country-level   |  State-level   |  Distance Tools

Country-level information

CIA World Factbook - General guide to countries of the world, including maps and flags.

Constitution Finder - This index from University of Richmond offers constitutions, charters, amendments, and other related documents, arranged by country.

Economist Intelligence Unit Country Reports -  Provides background and historical context of current economic and political events and in-depth analysis of political and economic trends for over 200 countries, mid-1990s to present. (Available only to UA.)

Embassy World -  Search by host or guest country using drop-down menus or scroll through a list of embassies and consulates of the world, embassies of other nations in the United States, U.S. embassies worldwide, and United Nations permanent missions. Provides contact information and links to web pages, when available. Easy to use and straightforward.

Europa World Plus - Europa World Plus is the online version of the Europa World Year Books and the nine volumes Regional Surveys of the World series. This reference sources covers political and economic information in more than 250 countries and territories. (Available only to UA.)

Geography Subject Guide - Created by the University of Arizona Libraries, this extensive collection is a great starting point for geographical information.

The Library of Congress: Country Studies - This online series presents a description and analysis of the historical setting and the social, economic, political, and national security systems and institutions of countries throughout the world. Note: These are electronic versions of books published between 1988 and 1998, so some information may be outdated.

National Map Small-Scale Collection - Originally developed for the National Atlas, which has been retired. 

North American Gazetteer - Covers the U.S., Canada, and Mexico. Includes location, latitude/longitude, and descriptions for places and physical features. Arranged by country and state, or alphabetically by name of city/town/geographic feature. Data are licensed from Columbia Gazetteer of North America. From Reference. (Warning: lots of ads on this site!)

Political Database of the Americas - Provides electronic informational resources available to students, academics, policy analysts, and government officials in Latin American politics. This site is multilingual, English, Spanish, Portuguese, and French.

USGS Topographic Maps - Includes information about topographic maps, map scale, U.S. Geological Survey topographic maps, map symbols, and mapping standards.

State-level information

Arizona Electronic Atlas - A web-based GIS interactive atlas of Arizona with several map themes and layers including species richness, EPA sites, demographics, economics, and more. Data are available for free downloading. The links page is an excellent resource to other online atlases. Created at the University of Arizona.

50 States and Capitals - Provides capital information and quick facts about a particular state. The official state home page is behind the title link on each state page. - Arranged by state, this site provides basic demographic profiles, housing statistics, and climate data for cities and many towns throughout the U.S., and also includes comparative indicators. Drawn primarily from public domain sources such as the U.S. Census.

State and Local Government on the Net: A Guide to Government Sponsored Internet sites - These pages are intended to provide convenient access to a wide variety of links to government information.

Worldmark Encyclopedia of the States (in Gale Virtual Reference Library) - Details current geographical, social, and political data, historical narrative, and statistical information on the 50 states, District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, Caribbean, and Pacific dependencies of the U.S. (Available only to UA.)

Distance Tools

Geobytes City Distance Tool -  Provides an easy-to-use wizard to calculate "as the crow flies" distances between cities around the world, in both miles and kilometers.

How Far is it? Distance Server - Finds distances between two locations using city names or latitude and longitude. Also includes carbon footprint estimates for travel between two locations by car, train, or plane.

Last modified: November 1, 2016